## What Is Bar Bending Schedule?

Bar bending is calculating steel quantity that calls bar bending schedule. The preparation of bar bending schedules is one of the final stages in any concrete design following the preparation and detailing of the working drawings.

Whereas the procedure is generally straightforward, it does require a certain amount of calculation which can readily be carried out with the aid of a computer program.

The program in this section calculates the lengths of reinforcing bars required and outputs a bar bending schedule table together with the total weight of steel.

**Format of Bar Bending Schedule as per Code IS:2502-196 **

Location | Mark Designation | Size and Type | Number Per Set | Number of Sets | Total Number | Length | Shape ( All Dimensions Are in Accordance With This Standard Unless Otherwise Stated) |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

(1) | (2) | (3) | (4) | (5) | (6) | (7) | (8) |

Column | C4 4R 25 N | MS Road 25 mm | 5 | 4 | 20 | 3000 | Straight |

Also, read: What Is Construction Contract | Types of Engineering Contracts | Percentage-Rate Contract

**Bar Bending Schedule Use Formulas**

**1. Unit Weight of Steel Bars**

**Density = Mass (weight of steel) / Volume**

Density = 7850 Kg / m^{3} Steel Bar

Mass = Weight of Steel

D = Dia of Bar in mm

L = Lenght of M

Volume = πD^{2} /4 x 1000 mm

Weight of Steel = (7850) x (πD^{2} x L/4 )

Weight of Steel = (7850/1000 x 1000 x 1000 ) x ( 3.14 D^{2} /4 )

Weight of Steel = (785~~0~~/100~~0~~ x 1000 x ~~1000~~ ) x ( 3.14 D^{2} x ~~1000~~ x/4 )

Weight of Steel = 0.00785 x 0.785 D^{2}

Weight of Steel =0.00616225 x D^{2}

Weight of Steel = (0.00616225/1) x (D^{2 }/1 )

**Weight of Steel = D ^{2} / 162.27 kg/m**

**Example**

12 mm dia bar

**Op-1**

Weight of Steel = D^{2} / 162.27 mm

Weight of Steel = 12^{2} / 162.27 mm

Weight of Steel = 144 / 162.27 mm

**Weight of Steel = 0. 8874 Kg/m**

**Op-2**

Weight of Steel = (7850) x (π12^{2} x L/4 )

Weight of Steel = (7850/1000 x 1000 x 1000 ) x ( 3.14 12^{2} /4 )

Weight of Steel = (785~~0~~/100~~0~~ x 1000 x ~~1000~~ ) x ( 3.14 12^{2} x ~~1000~~ x/4 )

Weight of Steel = 0.00785 x 0.785 12^{2}

Weight of Steel =0.00616225 x 144

Weight of Steel = (0.00616225 x 144)

**Weight of Steel = 0.8874 Kg/m**

Also, read: Curing In Construction | Concrete Cure Time | Methods of curing

**2. Plan Bar Length **

L = Lenght of Steel

### 3. Bends and Hooks Forming End Anchorages ( As per IS 2502:1963 )

**Hera**

** k** in **2** in the case of **Mild Steel** conforming, **( As per IS 2502:1963, P-6, Note-1 )**

**k** in **3** in the case of **Medium Tensile Steel** conforming, **( As per IS 2502:1963, P-6, Note-1 )**

**k** in **4** in the case of **Cold-worked Steel** conforming, **( As per IS 2502:1963, P-6, Note-1 )**

Most IMP **(As per IS 2502:1963, P-6, Table-II, Note )**

**H =** Hook allowance taken as **9d, 11d, 13d, and 17d** for k values **2, 3, 4 and 6** respectively and rounded off to the nearest** 5 mm, but not less than 75 mm.**

**B =** Bend allowance is taken as **5d, 5.5d, 6d,** **and** **7d** for k values **2, 3, 4 and 6** respectively and rounded off to

the **nearest 5 mm, but not less than 75 mm.**

#### 4. Bar Bending Schedule Formulas as below **(As per IS 2502:1963, P-8, Table-III )**

### Measurement of Bending Dimensions of Bars for Reinforced Concrete **( As per IS 2502:1963, P-8, Table-III )**

Ref No. | Method of Measurement of Bending Dimensions | Approx Total Length of Bar (L) Measured Along Centre Line | Sketch and Dimensions to Be Given in Schedule | Approx Total Length of Bar (L) Measured Along Centre Line - Mild Steel | Approx Total Length of Bar (L) Measured Along Centre Line - Medium Tensile Steel | Approx Total Length of Bar (L) Measured Along Centre Line - Cold-worked Steel |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

A | L | Straight | L | L | L | |

B | L + H | L+H = L + 4d+ d+2kd = L + 4d +4d +d = L + 9d | L+H = L + 4d+ d+2kd = L + (2 x 3)d +4d +d = L + 11d | L+H = L + 4d+ d+2kd = L + (2 x 4 )d +4d +d = L + 13d |
||

C | L + 2H | L+2H = L + 2 x (4d+ d+2kd) = L + ( 4d +4d +d) x2 = L + 18d | L+2H = L + 2 x (4d+ d+2kd) = L + ((2 x 3)d +4d +d ) x 2 = L + 22d | L+2H = L + 2 x (4d+ d+2kd) = L + ((2 x 4 )d +4d +d ) x 2 = L + 26d |
||

D | L + B | L + B = L +4d + kd = L +4d + 2d = L +6d | L + B = L +4d + kd = L +4d + 3d = L +7d | L + B = L +4d + kd = L +4d + 4d = L +8d |
||

E | L + 2B | L + 2B = L + 2x (4d + kd) = L +2 x (4d + 2d) = L +12d | L + 2B = L + 2x (4d + kd) = L +2 x (4d + 3d) = L +14d | L + 2B = L + 2x (4d + kd) = L +2 x (4d + 4d) = L +16d |
||

F | Where C is more than 3D A + C + E | A + C + E | A + C + E | A + C + E |
||

G | If angle with horizontal is 45^{o} or less, and R is 12d or lessA + C + E + 2H or L + 2H + C - √ ( C^{2} - D^{2} ) | A + C + E + 18dor L + 18d + C - √ ( C^{2} - D^{2} ) | A + C + E + 22dor L + 22d + C - √ ( C^{2} - D^{2} ) | A + C + E + 26dor L + 26d + C - √ ( C^{2} - D^{2} ) |
||

H | If angle with horizontal is 45^{o} or less, and R is 12d or lessA + C1 + C2 + E + F +2H or L +C1 + C2 + 2H - √ ( C1^{2} - D1^{2} ) - √ ( C2^{2} - D2^{2} ) | A + C1 + C2 + E + F +18d or L +C1 + C2 + 18d - √ ( C1^{2} - D1^{2} ) - √ ( C2^{2} - D2^{2} ) | A + C1 + C2 + E + F +22d or L +C1 + C2 + 22d - √ ( C1^{2} - D1^{2} ) - √ ( C2^{2} - D2^{2} ) | A + C1 + C2 + E + F +26dor L +C1 + C2 + 26d - √ ( C1^{2} - D1^{2} ) - √ ( C2^{2} - D2^{2} ) |
||

I | A + E - 0.5 R - d | A + E - 0.5 R - d | A + E - 0.5 R - d | A + E - 0.5 R - d |
||

J | A + E - 0.5 R - d + 2B | A + E - 0.5 R - d + 12d | A + E - 0.5 R - d + 14d | A + E - 0.5 R - d + 16d |
||

K | A + E - 0.5 R - d + 2H | A + E - 0.5 R - d + 18d | A + E - 0.5 R - d + 22d | A + E - 0.5 R - d + 26d |
||

L | A + E + 1.5 D + 2H | A + E + 1.5 D + 18d | A + E + 1.5 D + 22d | A + E + 1.5 D + 26d |
||

M | If angle with horizontal is 45^{o} or lessA + E | A + E | A + E | A + E |
||

N | If angle with horizontal is 45^{o} or less R is 12d or lessA + E + 2HIf the angle is greater than 45 ^{o} and R exceeds 12d, L to be calculated | A + E + 18d | A + E + 22d | A + E + 26d |
||

O | If angle with horizontal is 45^{o} or lessA + B + C + H -2(R + d)If the angle is greater than 45 ^{o} and R exceeds 12d, L to be calculated | A + B + C + 9d -2(R + d) | A + B + C + 11d -2(R + d) | A + B + C + 13d -2(R + d) |
||

P | L + 2H | L + 18d | L + 22d | L + 26d |
||

Q | A + E + 2S + 2H + d | A + E + 2S + 18d + d | A + E + 2S + 22d + d | A + E + 2S + 26d + d |
||

R | A + E + 3S + 2d + B +H | A + E + 3S + 2d + 6d + 9dA + E + 3S + 17d | A + E + 3S + 2d + 7d + 11dA + E + 3S + 20d | A + E + 3S + 2d + 8d + 13dA + E + 3S + 23d |
||

S | A + E + C + 2H - √ ( C^{2} - D^{2} ) -D | A + E + C + 18d - √ ( C^{2} - D^{2} ) -D | A + E + C + 22d - √ ( C^{2} - D^{2} ) -D | A + E + C + 26d - √ ( C^{2} - D^{2} ) -D |
||

T | E + 2(A - D + C + H) | E + 2(A - D + C + 9d) | E + 2(A - D + C + 11d) | E + 2(A - D + C + 13d) |
||

U | L + 2C + 2H | L + 2C + 18d | L + 2C + 22d | L + 2C + 26d |
||

V | 2C + 2E1 + L + 2H | 2C + 2E1 + L + 18d | 2C + 2E1 + L + 22d | 2C + 2E1 + L + 26d |
||

W | 2 (A + E) + 24d | 2 (A + E) + 24d | 2 (A + E) + 24d | 2 (A + E) + 24d |
||

X | 2 (A + E) + 20d | 2 (A + E) + 20d | 2 (A + E) + 20d | 2 (A + E) + 20d |
||

Y | 2A + E + 28d | 2A + E + 28d | 2A + E + 28d | 2A + E + 28d |
||

Z | 2A + E + C +12d + B | 2A + E + C +12d + 6d2A + E + C +18d | 2A + E + C +12d + 7d2A + E + C +19d | 2A + E + C +12d + 8d2A + E + C +20d |
||

AA | 2A + E + C +9d + B | 2A + E + C +9d + 6d2A + E + C +15d | 2A + E + C +9d + 7d2A + E + C +16d | 2A + E + C +9d + 8d2A + E + C +17d |
||

AB | 4C + 24d | 4C + 24d | 4C + 24d | 4C + 24d |
||

AC | 4C + 20d | 4C + 20d | 4C + 20d | 4C + 20d |
||

AD | 2A + 3D + 22d | 2A + 3D + 22d | 2A + 3D + 22d | 2A + 3D + 22d |
||

AE | 2A + 3D + 22d | 2A + 3D + 22d | 2A + 3D + 22d | 2A + 3D + 22d |
||

AF | Where P is not greater than D/5 N = Number of complete and fractional turns D = Internal dia P = Pitch of helix d = Size of bar N π (D + d) + 8d | - | N π (D + d) + 8d | N π (D + d) + 8d | N π (D + d) + 8d |

**Like this post? Share it with your friends!**

**Suggested Read –**

- IS 456 Most Important Point Part- 1
- What Is FSI | What Is FAR | What Is Premium FSI | FSI Full-Form | FAR Full Form
- What Is Plaster | Plaster Ratio | History of Plastering | Requirements of Good Plaster
- What Is Floating Slab| Floating Slab Construction | How to Build a Floating Slab | Advantages & Disadvantages Floating Slabs

## Leave a Reply