What Is Blueprints Symbols?
Blueprints are basically the combination of some symbols. Blueprints symbols are used to indicate objects, functions or systems in the plan of engineering drawing. Blueprints symbols are generally used in architectural drawing, structural drawing, electrical drawing, etc.
Floor Plan Symbols
Floor plan symbols are basically looking down from the top of the house. In-floor plans we found this type of symbols, it includes furniture, windows, doors, etc. Some common symbols of floor plans are compass, doors, stairs, windows, walls, applications.
- Compass: It is basically an arrow symbol that gives orientation to the building by which the architect or builder can easily understand the north direction. By this symbol, we can easily detect east, west, north, south directions.
- Doors: Door symbol is presented by the straight line and the arc shows the opening projection of the door.
- Stairs: It is basically drawn by parallel lines which is generally located between two windows.
- Windows: The symbol of window is basically denoted by three lines.
- Walls: Walls are generally two types; interior walls and exterior walls. Both walls are drawn by two parallel lines but exterior wall lines are dark, thick and interior wall lines are light.
- Appliances: These are basically the other symbols in floor plan which are bathtub, toilet, sinks, other furniture, etc. All appliances symbols are drawn by single lines.
Some floor plan abbreviations.
- B- Beam
- AC- Air Conditioner
- BV- Butterfly Valve
- BC- Bookcase
- CBD- Cupboard
- CAB- Cabinet
- CL- Closet
- CF- Concrete Floor
- COL- Column
- CT- Ceramic Tile
- CW- Cavity Wall
- DS- Downspout
- EF- Exhaust Fan
- DW- Dish Washer
- GM- Gas Meter
- HTR- Heater
HVAC Symbols on Blueprints
The full form of HVAC is heating, ventilation and air conditioning; these symbols are compacted in one place. These symbols are generally denoted vents of AC, outside part of the building, etc. HVAC symbols are containing some symbols like wall vents, furnaces, ceiling vents, etc.
Also, read: Bolt Vs Screw | What Is Bolt | What Is Screws
Some HVAC symbols are below-
|Sr.No.||HVAC Symbols on Blueprints||Symbols|
|4||Return Air Vent|
|8||Y Junction Duct|
Plumbing And Piping Blueprint Symbols
In any type of construction project, plumbing blueprint symbols is one of the most important departments. In plumbing, if we talk about piping, then there have a commercial, residential and industrial piping system, by nature of the project this type of piping system is categorized.
Used in manufacturing processes in industrial projects the piping is designed for transferring gas and liquid. On the other hand in commercial and residential projects, the piping system is provided just for water supply, and the freshwater is used for drinking purposes and many more purposes.
Piping and Connection Blueprint Symbols
In the plumbing system, all fixtures and valves are drawn as many symbols that are below-
|1.03||Major Straight line|
|1.04||Straight Line Pipe|
|1.06||Side by Side|
|1.08||Soil and Waste, Above Grade, Soil and Waste,|
|1.13||Hot Water Return|
|2.0||Pipe Fittings Blueprint||Symbols|
|2.07||Side Outlet Elbow– Outlet Down.|
|2.08||Side Outlet Elbow– Outlet Up|
|2.10||Double Branch Elbow|
|2.11||Single Sweep Tee|
|2.12||Double Sweep Tee|
|2.14||Reducing Elbow Down|
|2.17||Side Outlet Tee– Outlet Up|
|2.18||Side Outlet Tee– Outlet Down|
|3.0||Plumbing Valve Blueprint||Symbols|
|3.03||Angle Globe Valve|
|3.04||Angle Gate Valve|
|3.06||Angle Check Valve|
|3.11||Motor-Operated Gate Valve|
|4.0||Plumbing Fixture Blueprint||Symbols|
|4.07||Overhead Gang Shower|
|4.13||Standard Kitchen Sink|
|4.14||Kitchen Sink, R & L Drain Board|
|4.15||Kitchen Sink, L H Drain Board|
|4.16||Combination Sink & Dishwasher|
|4.17||Combination Sink & Laundry Tray|
|4.19||Wash Sink (Wall-Type)|
|4.21||Laundry Tray (Single)|
|4.22||Laundry Tray (Double)|
|4.23||Water Closet (Tank-Type)|
|4.24||Water Closet (Integral Tank)|
|4.25||Water Closet(FlushValve, Floor Outlet)|
|4.26||Water Closet(FlushValve, Wall-Hung)|
|4.30||Drinking Fountain (Recessed)|
|4.31||Drinking Fountain (Semi-Recessed)|
|4.32||Drinking Fountain (Projecting-Type)|
|4.33||Hot Water Tank|
|4.45||Floor Drain with Backwater Valve|
Architectural Floor Plan Symbols
Architectural floor plan symbols are various types and they are generally large in size. Architectural symbols are generally categorized into four categories, those are- service symbols, lighting symbols, electrical symbols and plan-elevation-section symbols.
1. Service Blueprint Symbols:
|2||Soil Vent Pipe|
|4||Rainwater Hopper Outlet|
|5||Mechanical Fan Vent|
|7||Direction of Drainage|
|8||Surface Water Drainage|
|9||Insulated Rain Water Pipe|
|10||Insulated Soil Vent Pipe|
|11||Soil Vent Pipe At Through Roof|
|12||Air Admittance Valve|
|13||Incoming Hot Water|
|14||Incoming Cool Water|
|15||Foul Water Run Above Ground|
2. Lighting Blueprint Symbols:
Here, all types of light symbols are discussed, there are various types.
|1||Recessed Spot Light|
|2||Adjustable Recessed Spot- IP Rated|
|3||Recessed Spot Light- IP Rated|
|4||Recessed Floor Light|
|6||Outdoor Plan Light|
|9||Sensor Operated Wall Light|
|10||Surface Mounted Spot Light IP Rated|
|11||Recessed Stair Light|
|12||External Wall Mounted Light|
|13||LED Strip Light|
|14||Fluorescent Strip Light|
|15||Stick on Strip Light|
|16||Single Gang One Way Light Switch|
|17||Double Gang One Way Light Switch|
|18||Triple Gang One Way Light Switch|
|19||Single Gang Two Way Light Switch|
|20||Double Gang Two Way Light Switch|
|21||Triple Gang Two Way Light Switch|
|22||Dimmer Light Switch|
|23||2 Way Dimmer Switch|
|24||3 Way Dimmer Switch|
3. Electrical Blueprint Symbols
Electrical blueprint symbols are very important symbols in engineering drawing. Electrical symbols are included to omit the excess delay of an electric circuit. Electrical blueprint symbols are used in engineering drawing to understand easily for workers and drafters.
Electrical blueprint symbols are in below-
|1||Single Power Socket|
|2||Double Power Socket|
|4||Unswitched Fused Spur|
|5||External Power Socket|
|7||Cat 6 Data Point|
|9||Fire Alarm Panel|
|12||TV Aerial Point|
|20||Carbon Monoxide Detector|
|22||Underfloor Heating Control|