Introduction of Bond Beam Block vs. Lintel Block:
- Bond beam is a horizontal structural element which is generally provided above the brickwork to strengthen the wall.
- In this article, you will get to know about the Bond beam blocks and lintel blocks.
What Is a Bond Beam?
- The Bond beam blocks are the horizontal concrete masonry units. The bond beam imparts horizontal strength in the walls.
- The bond beams are in case with the Steel reinforcement in grout are the concrete which helps to bind the structure together horizontally.
- The bond beam is generally found near the top of the free-standing wall.
- The bond beam blocks are the best multipurpose solution used where horizontal reinforcement is required which helps to make a steady horizontal beam structure.
- Bond beam blocks are the courses of the blocks which are constructed with the special units and specially designed to receive the horizontal reinforcement.
- Bond beam adds mass to the masonry walls, which supports the point as well as the distributed loads.
- This unit is generally used to integrate the horizontal range for cement with the vertical reinforcement in the masonry wall.
- Bond beams are used in the masonry bearing walls to serve as a horizontal member along the top of the walls.
- Bond beams can be also used below a wall so that the joist anchors can be embedded into the grout of the bond beam.
Bond Beam Detail:
- The reinforcement in the bond beam is used for the crack control, and there must be a break between the bond beams and control joints in the wall.
- The area of the steel which is required for the construction of the bond beams are used for the crack control should be greater than the required for joint reinforcement.
- Masonry bond beams are commonly used about the openings and at the top or the bottom of the walls.
- Concrete Bond beams are mostly used for the locations where the wall is not braced by the floors or roof structure.
- The dimensions which are generally used for the construction of bond beams are 16 inches in length and 6 to 8 inches in width.
- Bond beams are positioned at a regular interval between so that it will all of the placement of more in reinforcement. Bond beams are widely used as a lintel on the doors and windows.
Purpose of Providing Bond Beam Blocks:
- The bond beam blocks are provided to combine the horizontal reinforcement with the vertical reinforcement in the reinforced masonry wall.
- Bond beam reinforcement is used for crack management. Bond beam blocks are the horizontal element which is used in a wall to add the support to the structure.
- The location of the bond beam will depend upon the design of the building walls. Bond beams are needed everywhere where there is an opening along the wall.
- There are various advantages of the construction of the Bond beam, while the prefabricated lintels are commonly used at the openings.
- The bond beams provide a flexible alternative where horizontal enforcement is required.
- Bond beams are the best solution where horizontal enforcement is required. Bond beams help to strengthen the wall and increase the bearing capacity to lateral support.
- Bond beams are designed to allow both concrete as well as steel rebar to be housed in their interior so that it helps to create a strong and firm structure which helps to support structural loads.
Advantages of Bond Beam Blocks:
The advantages of bond beam blocks are as follows
- Bond beam blocks provide support and anchors for floor joists.
- Bond beam blocks are also used for the additional support in the walls at the base and the floor level.
- The bond beam is also used as Lintel on the doors and windows.
- Bond beam blocks are useful in areas with high seismic activities.
Disadvantages of Bond Beam Blocks:
There are also some disadvantages of bond Beam blocks, which are as follows
- The Construction of the bond beam required skilled labour.
- The cost of the construction of the bond beam is expensive.
- Sometimes there may be a chance of bonding problems of the bond beams with the masonry.
Also Read: Ferrocement Construction Technique
What Is a Lintel Block?
- Lintel block is a structural horizontal block which is provided on the opening between the two vertical supports.
- Nowadays the lintels are used as prestressed concrete which is commonly known as the lintel blocks.
- The concrete lintel blocks are the components which are packed together to form a suspended floor concrete slab.
- Lintel blocks are the U-shaped concrete blocks horizontal masonry blocks which are generally placed above the openings. Lintel blocks are arranged in such a manner that the lintel beam can be formed.
- Lintel block is not recommended to construct the bond beams because they do not allow the combination of the vertical and horizontal reinforcement.
- The lintel block supports the wall portion, which is above the opening between the two supports, and it’s shaped space allows for the cement grout as well as horizontal reinforcement.
- The concrete lintel block performs the same function as the bond beam block, and it is the main structural component of the building.
- Lintel blocks are combined to create the lintel beam which supports the structure by transferring the load from above the beam to the walls.
- The lintel blocks cannot be used with the vertical reinforcement they should only use for the walls which do not need any kind of structural supports.
- Lintel blocks are constructed with the help of different types of materials. The concrete lintel block is one of the commonly used materials for the construction of Lintel blocks. Concrete lintel blocks have high strength, durability, and resistance to fire.
- The common uses of the lintel blocks are above the doors and windows and fireplaces which create a load-bearing element to transfer the load.
- Sometimes the concrete lintel blocks are also used as a part of the continuous Bond beam along the wall.
Difference Between Bond Beam Block And Lintel Block
|Bond Beam blocks||
|The Bond beam blocks are the horizontal concrete masonry units.||Lintel block is a structural horizontal block which is provided on the opening between the two vertical supports.|
|Bond beam blocks are useful in areas with high seismic activities.||The lintel blocks are commonly used above the doors and windows and fireplaces.|
|Bond beam blocks are generally placed in courses in masonry walls to construct a bond beam.||Lintel blocks are arranged in the courses to form the Lintel beam.|
|Bond beam adds mass to the masonry walls which supports the point as well as the distributed loads.||The lintel blocks cannot be used with the vertical reinforcement they should only use for the walls which do not need any kind of structural supports.|