Cement Civil Design Foundation

Brick Masonry | Types of Bricks | Types of Brick Masonry Work

Brick Masonry

What Is Brick Masonry?

It is constructed by placing the bricks in the mortar in an orderly manner to produce solid loads, which withstand excessive loads.

There are a number of types of bricks and mortars that can be used to manufacture brick masonry.

Brick Masonry

Bonding in brick masonry, which adheres to bricks simultaneously, is constructed by filling the joints between the bricks with suitable mortar.

Special precautions must be practiced since the mortar is mixed and placed as it greatly affects the performance and durability of the masonry structure.

Classification of Bricks Based on Size Modification.

In construction, there are places where a right rectangular shaped brick would not be suitable. It has to be modified.

Such bricks are required in plinths, corners of walls and coping.

Also, read: Type of Brick in Brick Masonry English Bond & Flemish Bond

There is a long list of bricks of such a special size. We will discuss the important ones here.

1. Squint Brick:

Squint Brick

They are cut at a corner at an angle of more than 90 degrees. They are required to shape the outer or inner corner in a wall.

2. Splay Brick:

Splay Brick

They have a level or part, width-wise, length, or in both directions. The individual shapes are grouped under gleaming bricks, which are also made for use indoors and windows, vents, and plinths.

3. Coping Bricks:

coping-bricks

They are used for coping on the walls to give them a good appearance and can also be used for easy drainage of water.

When a coping is to be provided to a wall, a particular shape may be desired. Chuffed, half-round, and saddleback bricks are some common imitating bricks.

4. Bullnose Brick:

Bullnose brick

Bullnose bricks are used on the sides of the wall to obtain round corners. It is a standard brick with one edge rounded.

5. Cownose Brick:

It is similar to the bullnose, but it has both sides rounded to one side. It can also be called double bullnose bricks. They have the same use as bullnose, but they only give additional roundness.

Also, read: Rate Analysis of Brick Masonry

Types of Bricks

Different Types of Bricks Are Used in the Manufacture of Brick Masonry Including:

  1. Common Burnt Clay Bricks
  2. Concrete Bricks
  3. Sand Lime Bricks (Calcium Silicate Bricks)
  4. Fly Ash Clay Bricks
  5. Engineering Bricks
  6. Other brick types include bullnose, channel, coping, coves, and hollow brick.

Special Types of Bricks:

Ordinary building bricks are generally rectangular in shape, solid in structure and made of suitable types of brick-clay.

In building construction, however, modified shapes, bricks of porous or hollow structures, and materials other than clay are also sometimes used.

A familiarity with this particular classification of bricks is quite important for a construction engineer and an architect. We will discuss them below.

Also, read: Test for Compressive Strength of Brick | Water Absorption | Dimensions Test

Materials and Equipment Used in Building Brick Masonry

  1. Mortar Mix or Mason Mix Brix
  2. Tape Measure
  3. Hammer
  4. Hose, Level, or Theodolite
  5. Travel Level
  6. Wheelbarrow
  7. Goggles
  8. Deliver
  9. And other equipment according to the project and personal preferences

Types of Brick Masonry Work

Brickwork in Mud

Clay is used to filling various joints brick masonry work.

Mortar joint thickness is 12 mm.

Employed for the construction of walls with a maximum height of 4 meters.

Brickwork in Cement

This type of brick is construction done by laying bricks in cement mortar instead of masonry clay used in brickwork in clay. There are three major classes of brickwork in cement which are summarized in the table.

Also, read: What Is Pointing | Types of Pointing | Keyed Pointing

There Are Various Types of Bonds Commonly Used in Brick Masonry.

  1. Stretcher Bond
  2. Header bond
  3. English bond
  4. Flemish Bond

Stretcher Bond

Stretcher Bond

This bond is sometimes referred to as a walking bond. This bond is the simplest bond that is used today, this bond is not suitable as a stand-alone structural wall and a structural wall is formed directly behind it, fixed with wall ties.

Stretcher bonds are typically used as a facade for the main structural building. It may look very plain, but very effective with the introduction of other patterns.

Often this bond is used in garden walls, but when considering landscaping you should look for other attractive bonds such as English bonds or Flemish bonds.

Header Bond

Header Bond

The header is the short face of the brick as seen in height. In a standard brick, it has a 90 mm × 90 mm face.

In header bond brick masonry all bricks are arranged in header courses as shown in the above fig This type of bond is useful for building a brick thick walls.

English Bond

English Bond

English bond brickwork is where bricks are placed in alternating layers of headers and stretchers.

The traditional way of laying the course is often replaced by 1 course of headers, then 3–5–7 courses between stretch courses, referred to as garden wall bonds.

Like the Flemish bond, it can be a very difficult bond to get right and will take a lot of practice.

Flemish Bond

These are alternative bricks that have been placed as headers and stretchers in every course. Each header is placed up and down immediately in the middle of the stretcher to maintain it evenly.

Flemish bonds, like others Bond, are rarely used on new modern buildings and are more suited to garden walls and feature structures. This can be a very difficult bond to get hold of because it requires great attention to detail.

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