Cement Civil Concrete Design Difference

Cellar Vs Basement | What Is Cellar | What Is Basement

Cellar Vs Basement

What Is Cellar?

A cellar is a part of a building that is present entirely below the level of the curb. The cellar is used mainly as a storage location, as it is completely underground.

A type of wine cellar is the most popular option for storing food and other drinks, as it is out of the way of direct sunlight and will be present in a cool, dry place.

A cellar is a small room in which the temperature can be easily controlled. It is often accessed through a trap door, a ladder and a ladder.

cellar

The cellar is often equipped with lights, but it is generally not adorned with individual comforts because it is too small to be used as a spare room for someone and to lend people to live there.

Also, read: Concrete Vs Cement | What Is Cement | What Is Concrete

What Is Basement?

A basement is an underground floor within the building that is present below the curb level. The basement is considered as another room in the house or as a guest room.

The basement is usually used to store things, like a club or a game room. Some decide to provide the basement like any other room to use it much more than just to store things, but as a personal room or a spare room.

Basment

It is possible to rent the basement with a space of reasonable size for people to live there.

The basement is usually common in areas where the climate is temperate and helps the house to remain stable and warm during winter and snow.

Basements, especially where bad weather is common, usually have outdoor entrances, some have a stairway to go down or a stairway that usually leads to the basement.

Basements in one- and two-family homes can be legally occupied only if the following conditions are met:

  • The room meets the requirements of the Housing Maintenance Code for rooms not located in the cellar or basement, for example, minimum room size.
  • There is a minimum ceiling height of 7 feet.
  • The walls, down to ground level, must be moisture and waterproof if the HPD determines that the subsoil conditions in the lot require this.
  • The basement is occupied only by family members or families who occupy the dwelling.
  • Basements in a single-family home can be legally rented only if the following conditions are met:
  • Compliance with the Housing Maintenance Code for minimum room size
  • There is a minimum ceiling height of 7 feet.
  • The walls, down to ground level, must be moisture and waterproof if the HPD determines that the subsoil conditions in the lot require this.
  • The basement is occupied by a family and does not include borders.
  • Each room must have at least one window.

The bottom of any yard or other necessary open space must not be more than 15 cm below the window sill of any necessary window in the room.

Basements in a two-family house cannot be rented legally:

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Difference Between Cellar and Basement

Cellar Vs Basement

Depth below curb level for cellars and basement

The depth of a cellar or basement is always measured from the level of the curb or the plane of the base.

If the property is crossing a lot that touches two streets and therefore two curbs, you will measure the cellar/basement in two parts, one for each street.

We worked in an existing building, where half the floor was a cellar on one street and the other half was a basement on the other street, even though it was on the same elevation.

The curb elevations were different on the two streets.

A basement is a story partially below the series, and when measured from floor to ceiling, it is less than 50% below the curb level.

A basement is a floor (not a story) partially or totally below the level of the grid, and when measured from floor to ceiling, it is more than 50% below the level of the curb.

Zoning Floor Area For Basement And Cellars

A basement counts for the zoning area. This means that it is part of the calculation of the building’s useful area or FAR ratio.

A cellar does not count as a zoning area and is excluded from the floor area’s Ration calculations.

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Habitable Space In Basements

Basements can have living space, such as bedrooms, kitchens and living rooms, as long as they meet all other code requirements.

Cellars cannot have these types of rooms and cannot be used as a residential space.

Legal Apartments In Cellar

You can legally have an apartment in the basement. You cannot have a nice apartment in a cellar. The basement apartment must be listed on the Occupancy Certificate.

If a basement apartment is not listed on the Occupancy Certificate, you must file a Type 1 Change with the Buildings Department and purchase a new C for O.

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Cellar As Accessory Space

Cellars parts can be used as an accessory space for the apartment or residence above, accessed via a private staircase. This accessory space cannot before sleeping, living or cooking.

If you add an apartment staircase to the cellar, it must be filed as a Type 1 Amendment and requires a new Occupancy Certificate.

You cannot do this as a type 2 amendment. I once consulted a case in court as an expert witness to an architect for a lawyer who intended to prove that the job required a type 1. The lawyer I worked for won the case. Any change in the use of a cellar or cellar requires a new occupancy certificate.

Cellar Vs Basement

As an architect, I study the codes closely, but these are complicated and very involved problems.

In this article, we review some of the basic concepts about the difference between a cellar and a cellar.

This publication does not purport to cover every possible problem or condition, but it does provide an overview of the topic.

Conclusion

The above discussion concludes that the cellar is more underground than a basement and a small place that cannot be rented as a dwelling place, but a basement can be used as a guest room.

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