Will Concrete Bond to Concrete?
When it does, we either have to repair or replace it. We need a bonding agent if we want to bond dry concrete to wet concrete.
Once the concrete dries, new wet concrete poured onto existing concrete will adhere. When we pour fresh wet concrete over dry concrete, it’ll dry as an independent layer.
Pouring 3 inches of new concrete on a 5-inch slab doesn’t create an 8-inch slab. What we get is two slabs sitting on each other.
After using a bonding agent, the two layers stick together. They’ll still be two separate layers but stuck together tightly.
Also Read : Concrete Slab Weight Calculator
How Concrete Adhesion Works?
Concrete bonding agents are natural materials that join old and new concrete surfaces.
A bonding agent helps the different concrete layers behave like a single layer, increasing the structure’s strength.
Why Do You Need to Use a Concrete Bonding Agent?
The mixture of cement and concrete doesn’t contain any natural bonding agents. When a concrete floor surface is damaged, there is a choice to either demolish the floor or resurface the existing concrete.
A further solution is to apply new concrete on the surface of an old surface. When fresh concrete is added to the top of a current layer of concrete, the two won’t join together due to inadequate bonding.
Once the top layer is set, it simply sits on the top of the layer as a top layer. Concrete is poured before it gets hard.
Prepare the Surface for Concrete Bonding
It is mandatory to have a clean surface. Surface preparation for the concrete repair work is important for developing a strong bond with the new concrete.
The concrete surface consists of dust, grease, oil, sand, or grit blasting efflorescence; the bonding agent will not work properly.
Ensuring that the bonding agent works properly on the concrete surfaces is important. In this article, we discuss the different steps for preparing the surface.
Step 1: Clean the Surface
Firstly it is essential to have a clean surface. The bonding agent will not work correctly if the existing concrete surface consists of dust, oil, grease, or efflorescence. This step ensures the bonding agent works well on the concrete surface.
Step 2: Prepare the Mixture
The container of bonding agent is shaken well before use. The chemical is poured into a separate bowl and diluted with water according to consistency.
Now we can use this mixture as a primer. The concrete chemical might not work properly, so following the instructions mentioned in the container is essential.
Step 3: Placing the Concrete Bonding Agent
We need to follow standard instructions to produce and place the concrete. After mixing of bonding agent with concrete, we immediately applied it to the surface.
The primary coating dries off and loses its adhesion after some time, so spread the mixture when it is tacky and not dry completely.
Choose a Bonding Method:-
There are various types of concrete bonding agents used in construction:-
1. Latex Emulsions
Latex emulsions are commonly used as oil-in-water type emulsions in cementitious compositions.
These emulsions contain more than 50% water in some compositions. Some bonding agents have more resistance to water than other bonding agents.
Latex emulsions contain more than 50% water in some compositions. The constitution of latex emulsions is stable in water & cement systems. There are three ways to change latex emulsions into helpful bonding agents.
2. Acrylic Latex
This agent is mainly used to bond fresh concrete with a surface of old concrete. Acrylic Latex Bonding Agents are milky white, combining polymers and co-polym45% solid content. Apply it on the surface with either a brush or a roller.
3. Styrene Butadiene
It may solidify if SBR latex is at high temperatures for an extended period. It is used for waterproofing roof slabs, basements, hollow slabs, water tanks, sunshades, etc.
It can be used as a plaster bond within 45-60 minutes. It is used for the treatment of leaching and saltpeter action. SBR latex is also milky white, like Acrylic latex.
4. Polyvinyl Acetate Latex(PVA)
Polyvinyl Acetate latex (PVA) is used for repair applications in the construction industry.
There are two types of Polyvinyl Acetate latex.
- Non-Re-Emulsifiable PVA
4.1. Non-Re-Emulsifiable PVA
When applied, this bonding agent builds a thin layer highly resistant to water and ultraviolet rays.
4.2. Emulsifiable PVA:
When an emulsifiable PVA is applied on the surface, it produces a film that is getting softened and rewetted with water if necessary.
PVA latex is used as a bonding agent for plaster. Polyvinyl Acetate Latex (PVA) utilization is limited to areas with no possibility of moisture infiltration to the bond line.
5. Epoxy resin:-
Epoxy resin is the most versatile of all concrete bonding agents. It is ideal for lightweight parts & high performance.
Because of their high compressive strength, chemical resistance, strong adhesion, and other unique properties, it is widely used in construction.
Epoxies bond well with almost every material when the surface is properly prepared. Epoxy Resin is classified according to type, class, and grade.
American Society for Testing and Materials classified the epoxy-resin bonding systems classification based on specific aspects of class type, grade, and color.
Based of Type, It Has Seven Types:-
- Type 1:- This epoxy resin is mainly used to bond fresh concrete with old hardened concrete.
- Type 2:- Usually this type is commonly used to bond freshly mixed concrete with cured concrete.
- Type 3:- It is used as a binder in epoxy mortars and concrete. It bonds with the skid-resistant materials to the cured concrete.
- Type 4:- Usually used in load-bearing applications. This type of Epoxy resin is used as a binder for epoxy mortars and concrete.
- Type 5:- This bonds hardened concrete together with freshly mixed concrete.
- Type 6:- It is used for bonding and sealing segmental precast elements with internal tendons.
- Type 7:- When temporary post-tensioning is not applied as in span-by-span erection, it is for segmental precast elements used as a non-stress carrying sealer.
Based on Grade:-
Based on grade classification is as follows:
- Grade I: Mainly consists of materials with low viscosity suitable for injection into the cracks and where the flow is required.
- Grade II: It is used for general concrete bonding purposes. This type consists of materials with medium viscosity.
- Grade III: The epoxy resin comprises materials with non-sagging consistency.
Based on Class:-
It is based on the test temperatures. The classification is as follows:-
- Class 1:- In this class, temperatures should be below 5°Celsius.
- Class 2:- In this class, the temperature range should be 5°Celsius to 15°Celsius.
- Class 3:- In this class, the temperature should be above 15°Celsius.
Liquid Bonding Agents
Polyvinyl Acetate(PVA) offers excellent water resistance, aging characteristics, and ultraviolet stability.
For the repair works in concrete, this agent is mainly used. PVA offers excellent ultraviolet stability, aging characteristics, and water resistance.
Liquid bonding agents are the best way to bond dry concrete to wet concrete.
The Best Concrete Bonding Agent
Concrete is one of the important building materials.
The best concrete bonding agents must be easy to apply and use. It provides great adhesion and enhances the concrete and bond strength.
Different Types of Concrete Bonding Agents Used in Construction:-
- Quikrete 1 Gal. Concrete Bonding Adhesive.
- Quikrete 1 Qt. Acrylic Fortifier.
- SikaLatex 1 Gal.
- Loctite PL Premium Polyurethane Construction Adhesive.
- Liquid Nails – LN-905 Landscape Block Adhesive.
Also, Read: MS Plate Weight | Unit Weight of MS Plate
What Will Concrete Stick To?
Concrete also sticks to porous surfaces, Plastic, and some rough metal. These Materials Will Stick To Concrete:
- Wood: Generally, concrete will stick to Wood poorly. However, you can do a few things to help improve the bond between the two materials. The roughness and more porous Wood will help to stick with concrete. You can also use a bonding agent or primer before applying the concrete.
- Plastic: concrete sticks very well with plastics. Use a release agent if you don’t want concrete sticking to your plastic tools and buckets.
- Cloth: splatter of concrete will stick to cloth and tarps.
- Porous Surfaces: If a surface is porous, concrete can stick easily. It works with the pores and forms a bond.
What Will Concrete Not Stick To?
Downsides of Bonding Concrete to Concrete
Although bonding concrete to concrete has some big benefits, there are downsides too. One of the major disadvantages the weight of concrete is high compared to its strength. When we pour concrete, it does not gain strength we have to wait till it gains strength.
Adding new concrete over existing concrete increases the height of the slab. Usually new layer is thinner than the bottom so it cracks easier.
Will Cement Stick to Concrete?
No, cement will not stick to concrete. Concrete mix within the cement doesn’t contain any natural bonding agents.
So when fresh concrete is added on the top of an existing concrete, it doesn’t join together.
Discover related topics