Difference Between Veneer and Laminate | What Is Veneer | What Is Laminate

Difference Between Veneer and Laminates Civiljungle

What Is Veneer?

veneer civiljungle (1)

A veneer is a very thin piece of wood that is attached to particleboard or other types of manufactured wood. Veneers are used to lessen the cost of a project without sacrificing the overall appearance. It may be attached using an adhesive, nails, or screws.

Veneers are frequently used on cabinets, furniture, and floors. The frame and shelves of the units are made of particleboard, MDF, or plywood, but the viewable surfaces are covered with veneers.

This gives the appearance that the product is solid hardwood, but it is much more cost-effective for many homeowners.

Veneers are available in various grains and finishes, and they are typically much more consistent in appearance than most hardwood products.

Some carpenters create their own veneers, while others purchase veneers from manufacturers. Veneers are especially suitable for door panels, exposed sides, and interior cabinet areas that will be viewable.

Also, read: Difference Between One Way Slab and Two Way Slab | What is Slab

What Is Laminate?

Vitrified Tiles

Laminates are fairly durable and scratch-resistant. They are more resistant to wear and tear, moisture and heat when compared to veneer and solid wood products.

However, laminated surfaces tend to warp when exposed to excess water. Since they are brittle materials, these are also prone to chipping.

What Is the Difference Between Veneer and Laminate?

In short, a veneer is a thin layer of real hardwood applied to less expensive material such as plywood.

Laminate is a printed surface made to look like real wood, but usually made of plastic and bonded to a composite base

Also, read : MDF vs Plywood | What Is MDF | What Is Plywood

Veneer Vs. Laminate

Sr.No. Parameter  Veneer Laminate
1 Make Veneers are made by natural Laminates are made by man
2 Material A veneer is a very thin slice of wood that is obtained by peeling a tree log.
The veneer is a natural material.
Laminate is an artificial material made from decorative papers and plastic resins.
Laminate is an artificial material.
3 How It Is Made Veneer construction is similar, to that of laminate with the primary difference being that the outer layer of veneer is made of real solid wood. Laminate is made by pressing together thin layers of flat paper and plastic raisins. the upper layer is printed with a decorative pattern or colour.
4 Availability A veneer is available in natural wood finishes only. Laminates are available in a wide range of textures, colours, and patterns, including wood lookalike finishes
5 Installation Veneer installation of requires special skills, tools, and adhesive.
A veneer can not be installed over an existing surface.
Laminate is easy to install, as no special skill and tools are required.
Laminate can be installed over any existing surface.
6 Durability Veneers are usually not as durable as laminates. Laminates are known for their durability and reliability.
7 Maintenance Veneer must be required polishing.
Veneer requires high maintenance as it is a natural wood product.
Laminate not required polishing.
Laminate is very easy to maintain as the surface is resistant to physical damage.
8 Life Veneer timely polishing and proper care are taken veneers can last longer than laminates. Laminates last only till the top layer is not damaged. Once the top layer is worn out the entire surface has to be replaced.
9 Cost Veneers are usually priced higher than laminates. (Staring rate Rs 60/Square Feet) Laminates are more economical than veneers.(Staring rate Rs 31/Square Feet)
10 Thickness The thickness available in the veneer is 0.4 to 5 mm. Whereas laminates are available from 0.6 mm to 12 mm.
11 Size Veneer normal sizes 2′ x 4′, 2′ x 6′, 4′ x 6′,4′ x 8′, and 4’x 10′ available in market Laminate normal size 8′ x 4′ available in market
12 Availability Veneer available in natural wood finishes only, so similar replacement is never available. Laminates available in a wide range of textures, colours, and patterns, including wood lookalike finishes
13 Eco- friendly Veneers are a renewable, natural  resource and they go long way in economically replacing solid wood applications. Laminates contain plastics and resins. Some resins give off harmful gases.
14 Aesthetics A veneer is wood-make, they maintain the elegance and grace of their parent material. Unlike laminates, each veneer is distinctive adding a unique and rich feel to furniture.  Laminate is available in a variety of colors and designs. But they are mass-produced so they lack uniqueness in appearance.
15 Variety There are few types of veneers, each serving a particular purpose. You can classify veneers into raw, laid up, phenolic backed, reconstituted veneer, paper-backed, and wood on wood. Since it is a natural material, a veneer is available in a limited number of shades. Available in numerous colors and shades, these can be broadly classified into textured, high gloss, soft and matte.
Textured laminates replicate the feel of materials like wood or stone. One can use high gloss and matte laminates according to one’s personal style.
16 Re-polishing Veneer depending upon the thickness of the polish applied the surface can be sanded and repainted to cover wraps or tears. Laminates cannot be painted or re-polished.
17 Water Resistance A veneer is susceptible to damage in presence of water as water is known to damage the polish and eventually the wood surface. Laminates can resist water up to a certain extent.
18 Resistance to scratches A veneer can get scratched but can be sanded and polished like real wood to remove scratches Laminate can get scratch is permanent
19 Abrasion & Scratch They have less resistant to abrasion and scratches as compared to laminate. The surface of the laminate is hard and resistant to abrasion and scratching.
20 Toxicity Veneers are a natural material, it is non-toxic. Laminates are toxic as it is known to emit VOC’s.
21 Recyclability Veneers can be recycled. Laminates cannot be recycled.
22 Replacement Veneers replacement are tough. Laminates replacement are easy.
23 Application Veneers are the highly preferred surfacing materials for furniture that are used as statement pieces or focal points, and also for conference rooms, luxurious home interiors walls, etc. Because of their waterproof nature and heat resistant property, laminates are the best choice for kitchen cabinets, laundry rooms, bathroom units, and other wet areas.

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