What Are Walls?
Generally, the walls are differentiated as two types of outer-walls and inner-walls.
Outer walls give an enclosure to the house for shelter, and inner walls help to partition the enclosure into the required number of rooms. Inner walls are also called Partition walls.
When considering partition vs wall, walls are built to partition the living area into different parts. They impart privacy and protection against temperature, rain, and theft.
Classified of Walls
- Load-bearing walls.
- Partition walls.
1. Load Bearing Walls
They are to be designed to transfer the load safely. The critical portion of the walls is near the openings of doors and windows and the positions where concrete beams rest.
The minimum wall thickness used is 200 mm. It is also recommended that the slenderness ratio of the wall defined as a ratio of effective length or effective height to thickness should not be more than 27.
The effective height and effective length of a wall may be taken, as shown in tables 1 and 2, respectively.
|Lateral as well as rotational restraint
|Lateral as well as rotational restraint at one end and only lateral restraint at other
|Lateral restraint but no rotational restraint at both ends
|Lateral and rotational restraint at one end and no restraint at other ends (compound walls, parapet walls, etc.).
Table 1. Effective height of walls in terms of actual height H
|Continuous and supported by cross walls
|Continuous at one end and supported by cross walls at the other end
|Wall supported by cross walls at each end
|Free at one end and continuous at other ends
|Free at one end and supported by cross wall at other ends
Table 2. The effective length of walls of length L
2. Partition Walls
They have to carry only self-weight. Hence normally partition walls are thin. Shows the differences between load-bearing walls and partition walls.
Depending upon the requirement these walls may be a brick partition, clay block partition, glass partition, wood partition, and aluminum and glass partition.
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Difference Between Load Bearing Wall and Partition Wall
|Load Bearing Walls
|They carry loads from roof, floor, self-weight etc.
|They carry self-weight only.
|They are thick and hence occupy more floor area.
|These walls are thin and hence occupy less floor area.
|As the material required is more, the construction cost is more.
|As the material required is less, the construction cost is less.
|Stones or bricks are used for the construction.
|Stones are not used for the construction of partition walls.
|Load-bearing walls part of a load-bearing structure
|Here, Partition walls part of a framed structure
|This type of wall used for structure load
|Partition walls use as decorative wall and room partition
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