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Hip Roof Vs Gable Roof | What Is Gable Roof | What Is Hip Roof

Hip Roof Vs Gable Roof

While there are dozens of possible roof designs to consider for a new or newly remodeled home, there are two, in particular, that stand out for their enduring popularity and timeless appeal: hip and gable roofs.

But what exactly are modern, gabled roofs? What is the difference between them and what are the pros and cons of each? In this guide, we’ll cover everything you need to know about these types of roofs.

What Is Gable Roof?

Gable Roof

The gable roofs are easy to recognize: they have a distinct triangular shape. This type of roof also called a pointed roof or sloped roof is one of the most common designs.

While there are many variations on the standard gable roof design, you should at least be familiar with four of the most popular: side gable, front gable, Dutch gable, and crossed gable.

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Type of Gable Roof

Side Gable

Side Grable

This is your basic pointed roof design. A side gable consists of two sloping sides of equal length, gathered in a ridge along the top. It is the triangular shapes between the two roof panels that are the “pediments”.

If there is no triangular panel between the two sides, it is known as an open gable roof. If these triangular shapes are closed with panels, it is called a gable roof.

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Front Gable

Front Gride

A common feature of colonial houses, a frontal gable is simply a gable over the entrance to the house, usually facing the street. They are also known as facing houses.

Dutch gable

On the roofs of two Dutch waters, a gable is added to the crest of a hip roof. This can be done simply for aesthetic value or for additional space.

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Crossed Gable

Crossed Gable

This roof style, ideal for multi-wing homes, is seen most often in Tudor and Cape Cod homes. It consists of two gabled roofs, arranged at right angles to each other, with perpendicular ridges.

The lengths, heights, and slopes may be identical to the two sections of the roof or may differ from each other.

Depending on the design of a cross gable, this roof structure can be used to accentuate other architectural features, such as balconies, dormers or garages.

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What Are the Advantage and Disadvantages of a Gable Roof?

Like modern roofs, gable roofs come with their own set of pros and cons. Here’s what you should know before choosing a gable roof.

Advantages of Gable Roof

Like modern roofs, gable roofs are versatile in terms of the type of roofing material you can use to cover them. Slate, metal, tiles or tiles are possible options.

Gable roofs are generally cheaper than hip roofs.

Compared to hip roofs, the gable allows for better ventilation and more attic space. They are also ideal for vaulted roofs.

The gable roofs are a good option for climates with a lot of precipitation, as their design allows rain and snow to slide easily without accumulating.

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Disadvantages of Gable Roof

Gable roofs are not as stable or resistant as hip roofs. An especially strong storm can cause a gable roof to collapse. After adverse weather conditions, gabled roofs should be checked for damage.

This project is not advisable in areas at risk of hurricanes.

An excessive overhang on a gable roof can be dangerous. During high winds, the protrusion can cause enough elevation to detach the roof from the walls.

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What Is Hip Roof?

Hip Roof

In the simplest terms, a hip roof is one with four sides of equal length, all sloping downward from the crest at the top. There are some variations on this basic form. Here are the most common ones.

Type of Hip Roof

Simple Hip Roof:

Hip Roof

With a simple hip roof, there are two sides that are polygons – usually trapezoids – and two sides that are triangles.

The two trapezoids meet in a mountain range along the top and the triangles connect them. This is the most common type of hip roof.

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Half Hip Roof:

Half Hip Roof

A roof with half a hip is simply a regular roof with the lower halves of the triangular sides cut off. This creates eaves on the shortened sides.

Half-hip roofs are called cut gables, or jerkinhead roofs.

Cross-Shaped Roof:

A cross-shaped roof is basically two simple roofs arranged in an “L” or “T” shape. The location where the two individual hip roofs meet – the “L” angle or the “T” intersection – is known as the valley.

This design is used in homes with multiple wings that branch into each other.

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What Are the Pros and Cons of a Hip Roof?

Before installing on a modern roof, be sure to consider the advantages and disadvantages of this design. Consider how these pros and cons fit your preferences and needs.

Like modern roofs, gable roofs come with their own set of pros and cons. Here’s what you should know before choosing a gable roof.

Advantages of Hip Roof

With the addition of a dormer or crow’s nest, hip roofs can provide usable space that would otherwise not be available.

Hip roofs are compatible with almost any roofing material. Options include cedar shakes, slate, asphalt shingles, terracotta shingles, clay shingles, concrete tiles, and metal panels.

Simple hip roofs are particularly suitable for areas with a lot of snow or strong winds. Hip roofs in regions prone to strong winds or strong storms should have an angle between 18.5 ° and 26.5 °.

Because of the sloping sides, the hip roofs are extremely sturdy. They are more stable than the gable roof.

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Disadvantages of Hip Roof

With crossed hip roofs, depending on the design, water or snow can accumulate in the With this type of design, reliable waterproofing is essential to prevent leaks.

The more complicated the design of a roof with a crossed hip, the more chances of leaks become. Dormers, with additional valleys and seams, can also increase the risk of water

Hip roofs are more expensive than gable roofs.

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