How to Draw a House Plan Step by Step?
You should know the right process to draw a house plan before you start drawing a plan on paper. If not known, a lot of time and precious papers are going to be wasted. So before you start bringing out the design of your desired home you should read it carefully.
Drawing a house plan takes much more effort and patience than doing other things. As someone who is going to live in the house for his entire life, he will not want any missteps and mistakes to happen.
So before making a plan for a house or building one should know the exact way to draw a plan for making the house or building.
- Basics: Before preparing a perfect plan to draw some decisions need to be taken. These decisions are about the construction of the building and the needs and desires of the homeowner. The need is different for different people, and the purpose to make a building is different for different people. Some large buildings are made for residential purposes where a large society can fit in and some buildings are made for only one single-family to live in. In both cases, the process of construction varies and so varies the design and plans. The elements that usually differ are the number of bedrooms, positions of bedrooms, number of bathrooms or washrooms, the position of bathrooms, the position of the kitchen, the position of the living room, balcony, passage, hallway, etc. So before drawing the plan on paper, the needs and priorities must be given attention and be kept in mind. A mind map needs to be drawn and in the mind, these points should be noted. After making these decisions, the work of drawing a plan for the building should proceed.
- Equipment: Take a white sheet of the required size and a pencil, ruler scale, and eraser ( if any mistakes happen). The pencil, ruler scale, paper, and eraser must be of good quality. If bad or low-quality equipment is used, the entire drawing can be ruined.
- Make a Rough Diagram Using Bubbles: Draw a rectangle or square at first or draw a shape in which you want your building to be built. Assume this rectangle is the base of your house and you are looking from above the building. In the base, you need to draw the positions of the rooms, bathrooms, living rooms, kitchen, and other places. Take a pencil and lightly draw pebbles like diagrams. Imagine the pebbles as the locations of the rooms and other places. The pebbles must be drawn lightly so that while erasing the pebbles the traces of lines are also erased. In this way, the paper will be clean while drawing, and drawing will be easier.
- Prepare a Line Plan: Now after making the positions of the rooms fixed, prepare a line plan solely using lines. This line plan will show the positions of the rooms and apartments of the building. This needs to be done before making a detailed sketch of the plan of the building. This is because in case the owner wanted some changes to be made, like making changes in the size of the rooms, according to the requirements of the homeowner will be easy.
- Some Factors Must Be Kept in Mind: While drawing the plan on paper some factors should be kept in mind. The factors will help the homeowner to make various decisions like the positions of windows, positions of doors, the position of the balcony, the position of the main gate, etc. These factors are such as the directions (north, east, south, west). Along with directions, the position of the main road, the shape of the plot, and the direction of the continuing wind should be kept in mind.
- Draw the Plan on Tracing Paper: Instead of using normal paper, the first one should consider using tracing paper. For the people who are beginners in the field or if the homeowner himself wants to draw the design without a civil engineer, it is advised that you keep a graph below the tracing paper. Putting a graph below the tracing paper will help in drawing the plan and it will save a lot of precious time.
- Mention These Things Clearly: In the sketch plan, the thickness of the wall, the area of each unit and room, the size of the rooms, staircase, doors, and windows, the width of passages, entrance gate, columns and beams, flight of steps, landing up and directions, compound wall, location of sanitary units, chajjas and canopy projections must be mentioned clearly.
- Use 2h Pencils: Use a 2H pencil while drawing the exterior wall lines. It will help you to draw the sketch perfectly and you will understand at the end what you have drawn.
- Wall Thickness: The breadth or thickness of the wall must be pulled out as per the given composed structure, the thickness of external walls can be 230 mm and the thickness of internal walls can be 150 mm. So the thickness of the wall in the structure according to the plan is 230 mm. In the plan of the floor, the thickness of the wall is generally 150 mm. This thickness includes plaster on both sides. Rather than going for a wall of 230 mm thickness including plaster, it is better to go for a wall with 200 mm thickness excluding plaster. Likewise, a wall with a thickness of 100 mm excluding plaster, is far better than a wall with a thickness of 150 mm including the plastering concerning strength. Load-bearing structures, meaning types of structures that bear heavy loads, will have a wall with a thickness of 200 mm to 300 mm. If the thickness is less than 200 mm then it will not be a load-bearing structure.
- Draw Lines for Internal Walls: Then you need to examine the inner dimensions of the rooms and halls and then draw lines for internal walls according to the thickness of the wall.
- Show the Opening Direction of Doors and Windows: The doors and windows are different in different types of buildings. In public buildings, windows and doors generally open outside. Therefore the windows, doors, and ventilators are aligned in such a way that they flush with the outside. In the case of private or residential the doors and windows open towards the inside. So the windows, and doors need to be flush with the inside of the walls. This is done to create the utmost clearance through the opening by full swing of the shutter.
- Movements Within the House: The movements and directions of the house need to be studied. To show the movements from one hall to another hall show or from one compartment to another compartment show the shutter and the door with a symbol that indicates the direction of opening the door.
- Plan the Door and Window Openings Carefully: The door openings need to be planned with care and vigilance. The shutters of the doors must not block the opening of any other window or door. If there is some space between two different door openings, it will work as a passage automatically. The passage should always be free.
- Draw the Interiors: After doing all these now the interiors of the home should be drawn carefully. From the sink in the kitchen, wash basin, and entire kitchen platform, commode, cupboard, rear, and front steps, the staircase should be drawn in the desired places.
- The Veranda and the Main Entrance Door: The column of the Varanda must not hinder the view of the windows that are in the drawing-room and the main entrance door in the house.
- Projections from the Wall: In the case of the projections from the walls like porches, sun shades, and the shafts from the veranda section which are above the sill level of windows, show them in dotted lines.
- Draw Dimension Lines: Dimension lines and extension lines should be drawn on all sides.
- Write Room Dimensions: In the drawing sheet, at first along with the horizontal axis and then along with the vertical axis write all the dimensions of the rooms according to the line plan. In the case of a framed structure show overall dimensions and center-to-center dimensions.
- Dimensions Should Be Legible: When you choose the right places for righting the names and the dimensions take proper care. The dimensions should not be crowded and illegible, rather they should be clear. The dimensions should never get overlooked and should not get eclipsed by the general proportions of the sides. It must tally with the sum in dimensions in series along the dimensions.
- Mention the Overall Dimension: It is necessary to mention the prevailing dimensions of all four sides of the building. Also if there is any offset then mention that. (How to draw a house plan by hand)
- Title: For writing the title one should draw a line at the center of the room. The height of the line should be 5 mm and should never exceed the length
- Write Specifications of the Doors and Windows: After this, the specifications of the doors, the specifications of the ventilators, and the windows are to be written
- Point Arrows from the Description Towards an Object: While drawing the arrows make sure that the arrows point from the description toward the object. The arrows should not be pointing from the object towards the description.
- Scale: The scale in the drawing will be equal to 1centimeter = 1 meter. Do not make mistakes here. Many people do the opposite of it. They make the scale as 1 meter = 1 centimeter. So do not make this mistake here. This should be a fraction but the value should never exceed 1.
- Drawing Scale: The drawing scale of the plan is usually 1: 50, 1:100, or 1:200 compared to the size of the building.
- Symbols and Rules: Go for symbols and rules for brick masonry, stone masonry, concrete works, woods, etc after complete dimensioning and name indication ing. Use a lighter shade compared to the main drawing for the conventions. Other conventional indications or the hatching should not conceal the letters or dimensions or any other segments