10 Principles of Architecture | What Is Architecture | Why Need Design Principles in Architecture

Principles of Architecture

What Is Architecture?

What Is Architecture

The techniques and art of making the layout of buildings and constructing the building are architecture. Designing and decorating, selection of furnishings, having supervision for construction, and renovating or remodeling a building. Architecture is an art. Besides designing and constructing architecture deals with aesthetics.

Every building that was built by humans from the very first building to today’s large skyscrapers, is part of the architecture. Architecture is just not only art. It is a combination of science and art.

Why Need Design Principles in Architecture?

The design principles or elements are extremely important for understanding optical configurations. Not only the exterior but also the interior design in architecture considers having a great role.

Including initiation of creativity and gratitude of art in numerous forms, design principles serve some very important purposes. To make something more useful and more functional.

There is a process on the artboard that is entangled to create a good design. However, creating a good design is far more than that. The principle of design in architecture ensures that the construction is useful and the final product is well made and ready to be used.

Principles of Architecture

Good design is the result of experience. A lot of experience is needed to build something that has a perfect design, looks great, and the usefulness of something boosts. Whatever is made must have a use. Sometimes using a device or any other thing which is largely needed to do many tasks in our daily lives is difficult because of its absurd design. And also devices or projects with a bad design makes it look bad.

For getting some good results it is necessary to gain experience. For creating something great there need to be many trials, errors, and knowledge. One must learn from his mistakes to gain expertise. Anyway, there is something more that needs to be paid attention to make good designs. These things or rules are known to us as principles of architecture.

Talking about the number of principles of architecture, it is said that more or less a dozen central principles of architecture are there. But there exist some other principles along with the central principles of architecture. These are known to us as secondary principles of architecture. Some experts consider some of these other secondary principles as inferior to basic and central principles of architecture but some experts give good attention to these secondary principles in the field of architecture.

So it is really hard to tell how many fundamental principles or basic principles are there regarding architecture. Anyhow, even if the secondary principles could be ignored, an expert architect should always pay considerable attention to the basic principles of architecture that are given below.

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1. Contrast


Most of us are knowledgeable of this term, especially those who deal with colors and photography. For those who do not know what contrast is, explaining it is quite simple. In a design, if there is more than one element, sometimes the elements pop more, and sometimes the colors and elements do not stand out from each other.

The adjacent elements or complexions, and hues have a difference and that stands out. In easy words, contrast is the principle that makes a design with different elements put together and each of the elements has its presence.

Contrast means variation. Variation is considered an element of design. So contrast is also considered an elementary principle of design. The contrast gives extra attention to a particular part of the design. It emphasizes a specific part of the rest of the design.

Contrast can prevail in numerous varieties. The contrast of texture is a method that draws attention to a particular point or place of a design by the texture. The contrast of color and shape also makes someone look at a particular point of a design.

Some other types of contrast are also possible. These are like the contrast of scale, the contrast of size, etc.

2. Balance


There is a term called visual weight. Visual weight is the property that gives elements in a design an ability to draw attention. If an element has a light visual weight that means that the element is unlikely to catch the attention or draw the eye of someone. Whereas if an element has a high visual weight that means that this element has the probability of drawing eyes towards it. In a design, all the elements with light and high visual weight are put together in a way that the looker gets a sense of balance. It is called the principle of balance.

For visual stability, it is a matter that must need to be prioritized in making a design. For this visual stability opposite forces are put together in such a composition that gives it the stability or balance.

Balance is an interesting property. If you have a rod and you want to keep in its equilibrium that it does not fall on any side then you need to balance it right in the middle. If a small weight is put on one side of the rod and another side a bigger weight is put then it will not balance in the middle. In other words, a small object at the edge will be balanced by a large object near the middle. This is the principle of balance. Visual balance works just the same as physical balance.

There are two types of balance, symmetrical balance, and asymmetrical balance. Symmetrical balance means balance in the middle by putting equal weight on both sides of a design. Symmetrical balance is also split into two parts one is known as radial symmetry and the other is known as bilateral symmetry. Asymmetrical balance is a much more complicated principle. In asymmetrical balance elements with different visual weights are balanced in a way that includes shifting the fulcrum point. It is studied in physics.

3. Emphasis


The term emphasis indicates highlighting a particular part of something. It is giving priority to an important part over the other parts. This is applied as a principle of design. It is a way in which attention is brought to what is exactly the most important in the design.

Visual hierarchy is a method in which the elements are arranged or organized by their significance or priority. That means the most important component will be placed in such a way that it gets the most attention and just like that the least important element will be put in a way that it gets the least amount of attention.

There are many processes of emphasizing. Some of these are making it bold and bright, adding special visual effects, changing colors, etc.

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4. Proportion


Understanding this principle is very easy. This principle of design, and proportion, motion the importance of an element. It indicates which materials or elements are most important in a design and which elements are not important.

Proportion is the comparison of height, length, breadth, or simply put size. Elements with bigger sizes are more valuable than elements with tinier sizes.

5. Hierarchy


Hierarchy is a crucial component of design. Hierarchy relates to the means of processing subjects by utilizing a website portal. Hierarchy indicates the significance of components within a design. It means arranging the most important element as the most important element.

For example, while preparing a list of the most prioritized things the list is made by using the hierarchy method. The list is sorted in such a way that the most important things appear at the beginning and the least important things appear at the end.

In architecture, hierarchy means giving more priority to the space or room that has more functionality or vitality than other rooms. The rooms or spaces can be more than one. For articulating the fact that one space or room is more important than other rooms there it must be on a distinct scale.

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6. Repetition


To reinforce an idea in a design it is a great principle to follow the repetition. If a lot of different elements are to be brought together and make a unified design this method needs to be followed. You can arrange a lot of different elements together through this method.

There are many ways to apply the repetition principle in a design. Some of these ways are such as repeating shapes, and colors. Repeating typefaces is also a well-preferred way to apply the repetition principle in a design.

But while doing repetition one should pay attention to not overdoing the process. It will ruin the design.

7. Rhythm


For offering a sense of reiterating visuals to the viewer sometimes intentionally there are variations made in the design. These intentionally made variations between elements are called rhythm.

The carved space between elements that are repeated causes a rhythm to construct. In music, the gap or space between two different notes creates a rhythm. In architecture, this applies also.

There are many types of rhythm in architecture. These follow as regular, alternating, random, progressive, and flowing. Random rhythm is a type of rhythm that has no specific pattern. In regular rhythm, components follow the same pattern.

Rhythms build numerous feelings and attract the visitor’s eyes. If large buildings are built in a rhythm between floors it looks attractive. Also, this rhythm can be followed inside the buildings.

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8. Pattern


Multiple structure elements functioning together if repeated numerous times will create a pattern. It is nothing but the repetition of the same design. In architecture, for making something big this method is applied. It makes the structure look good and attractive.

Creating a pattern is a good idea for large constructions from the perspective of aesthetics.

9. Movement


Our brain has the nature to perceive some specific things first and other things after that. That’s the reason our eye catches some visuals first and some visuals do not appear the first in our eye. The human eye can see one thing at a time. For seeing a thing the eye needs to focus on it. Though we humans have two eyes we can focus on only one thing at a time. That means for seeing a large sight our eyes need to travel from one point to another. This is the reason there is a pattern of looking at certain things at first and then other things.

The most significant and crucial element should be looked at first. This is done by a rule known as positioning. The elements are positioned in such a way that no matter where we look at first, the design will lead your eyes to the main attention of it. This is called movement.

In architecture, it is seen largely in luxurious places, especially places where a lot of people visit.

10. Variety


To create visual curiosity the principle of variety is used. The same design all over the construction sometimes creates a boring and monotonous scene. This can make the looker uninterested in anything. In architecture, the principle of variety is needed to avoid this issue.

Variety in architecture can be created in many ways. Some of these ways are variations in color, variations in shapes, typography, and images.

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Architecture is both the process and the product of planning, designing, and constructing buildings or other structures. Architectural works, in the material form of buildings, are often perceived as cultural symbols and as works of art.

Architecture Art

Architecture is the art and method of building and designing structures with an artistic element instead of relying solely on construction abilities. The practice of architectural design is used to meet both functional and artistic needs, therefore serving both practical and creative goals.

Architecture Software

Top Ten Design Software for Architects

  • Rhino 3D. Since its creation in 1998, Rhino 3D has become one of the most popular tools for architectural design.
  • Revit Architecture. The building information modelling (BIM) concept is key in modern architecture.
  • SketchUp.
  • V-Ray.
  • AutoCAD.
  • Maya.
  • ArchiCAD.
  • Grasshopper.

Architecture Career

Architects spend much of their time in offices, where they meet with clients, develop reports and drawings, and work with other architects and engineers. They also visit construction sites to ensure that clients’ objectives are met and to review the progress of projects. Some architects work from home offices.

Architecture Degree

People who want to receive an architecture degree that will facilitate their licensure as an architect have two options: either a five-year undergraduate degree in architecture known as a B. Arch. or a post-college master’s program known as an M. Arch., which usually takes two or three years to complete.

Principles of Architecture

Below are 7 basic architectural design principles that every architect should know. They are balance, rhythm, emphasis, contrast, visual, proportion, and scale.

Principles of Architecture Class

Principles of Architecture provides an overview to the various fields of architecture, interior design, and construction management. Achieving proficiency in decision making and problem solving is an essential skill for career planning and lifelong learning.

Ordering Principles

These 6 ordering principles include axis, symmetry, hierarchy, datum, rhythm, repetition, and transformation. When experiencing forms and spaces in a building, you can be assured that at least one, if not all of these ordering principles were employed by the building designer.

Datum Architecture

A datum in architecture is an organizing element around which other elements are built around. It can be a linear datum, such as an axis, or it can be circular or even amorphous in shape. What makes it a datum is the fact that it organizes an otherwise random pattern of forms through its regularity and continuous form.

Design Principles in Architecture

Seven principles encompass an interesting design.

  • Balance.
  • Rhythm.
  • Emphasis.
  • Proportion and scale.
  • Movement.
  • Contrast.
  • Unity.

First Principles of Architecture

Imitation mediates actively between traditions and reconstruction. It contributes to the constant enrichment of architecture and urbanism with new originals. It is concerned with the nature of things, their true appearance, and it re-establishes economy, propriety and beauty as the first principles of architecture.

What Are Ordering Principles in Architecture?

Here, the different list for principles of order in architecture are as follows.

  • Axis.
  • Symmetry.
  • Hierarchy.
  • Transformation.
  • Datum.
  • Rhythm.
  • Pattern.
  • Repetition.

What Is Ordering in Designing Concept?

Design to Order is a manufacturing approach in which the individual parts are designed and assembled specifically for each customer order. Even if the end product contains standard parts, a separate production process with a specific parts list is required for the product.

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