Introduction of RCC ( Reinforced Cement Concrete)
- Concrete is a versatile material which is widely used for the construction of structures. RCC full form is Reinforced cement concrete.
- RCC meaning in civil engineering is a composite material which consists of steel and concrete ( which is a mixture of cement sand and aggregate) and known as reinforced cement concrete.
- In this article, you will get to know all about RCC Construction and Advantages and Disadvantages of Reinforced cement concrete.
What Is RCC?
- RCC full form is Reinforced cement concrete. It is a composite material which is the combination of ordinary concrete with reinforcement to increase the compressive strength and tensile strength of the concrete.
- RCC concrete is widely used in the construction of structures from foundations to the roof, construction of highways and irrigation canals, etc.
- Concrete is very good in compression but it is weak in tension that’s why the reinforcement is provided in the concrete wherever tensile stress is more.
- Reinforcement resists the tensile stress of the concrete and increases the tensile strength. The Steel is provided in the concrete because of its high tensile strength and good bonding with concrete.
- The Steel should have good tensile strength and a high modulus of elasticity. It should have the same temperature of the coefficient of expansion and contraction so that there should not be thermal stresses should be developed in concrete.
Materials Which Are Used in the RCC (Reinforced Cement Concrete):
- Cement is a Binder which is a powder mixture of different compounds that sets and harden and bind other materials with each other.
- The Portland cement is one of the most common types of cement which is generally used all over the world for construction.
- There are two types of aggregates are used in the reinforced cement concrete. The fine aggregates and coarse aggregate.
- The different pictures are added to the RCC to improve its physical properties. Admixtures are added in the concrete to alter its properties such as workability and setting time.
- The steel is generally provided in the form of round bars with different diameters. The commonly used Steel in the construction is mild steel.
- Water is one of the most important elements in the construction and preparation of RCC concrete. The quality of the water which is used in the manufacturing of concrete directly affects its strength and the quality of the work.
Also, Read: Procedure for Rcc Concrete
Advantages of Reinforced Cement Concrete:
There are various advantages of reinforcement concrete are as follows
- RCC has high compressive strength.
- It has long period of life and required low maintenance cost.
- Reinforced cement concrete has better resistance to fire as compared to Steel.
- RCC Structures are more durable as compared to other types of Structures.
- RCC sections can be cast into different shapes and sizes.
- RCC is a cheaper construction Material as compared to steel and Prestressed concrete.
- The Construction of reinforced cement concrete required less-skilled labour as compared to Construction of steel structures.
Disadvantages of Reinforced Cement Concrete:
There are also some limitations of Reinforced cement concrete which are as follows
- The Reinforced cement concrete required proper mixing, casting of the concrete.
- The cost required for formwork is high.
- Reinforced cement concrete structures are heavier than structures which are made from steel and wood.
- The structures which are made from rain for cement concrete take some time to attain its full strength.
- The tensile strength of the reinforced cement concrete is about one-tenth of its compressive strength.
Properties of RCC (Reinforced Cement Concrete):
Here are the different properties of reinforced cement concrete are as follows
- Reinforced cement concrete should not show excessive deflection.
- Reinforced cement concrete is capable of resisting tensile as well as compressive bending and shear forces.
- The reinforced cement concrete is more durable as compared to other types of construction material.
- Reinforced cement concrete structures are designed to take high compressive loads.
- Reinforced cement concrete is a good fire-resistant material.
- It provides complete insulation against heat and sound.
- Reinforced cement concrete can be moulded into any desired shape as per your requirement.
- It is the building which is constructed with the reinforced cement concrete. The RCC building is a structural building which is constructed with the reinforced cement concrete.
- The main reason for reinforcing concrete with Steel is to enhance its strength. The steel and concrete have nearly the same values of coefficient of thermal expansion which allows the steel and concrete in the structural members to act as a whole.
What Does RCC Stands for?
- RCC stands for Reinforced Cement Concrete. The full form of RCC is reinforced cement concrete which contains steel bars.
- RCC has widely used in the construction of various structures and buildings components such as footing beams columns and slabs etc.
RCC Full Form
The full form of RCC is Reinforced Cement Concrete. Cement concrete is strong in compressive strength but weak in tensile strength. To increase the tensile strength, mild steel bars are used in cement concrete thereby reinforcing it.
Reinforced concrete (RC), also called reinforced cement concrete (RCC), is a composite material in which concrete's relatively low tensile strength and ductility are compensated for by the inclusion of reinforcement having higher tensile strength or ductility.