Reinforced Concrete Frame | Concrete Frame Construction | Concrete Building Construction | Frame Construction | Types of Frame

Reinforced Concrete Frame

Reinforced Concrete Frame

The reinforced concrete frame is a superstructure combined with horizontal components, i.e. columns and vertical components, i.e. beams.

The whole construction that is beams and columns are monolithic construction, i.e. the whole construction is cast in a single operation.

Skeleton Frame

Sometimes this concrete frame is also called as a skeleton of this entire structure. In this structure, the vertical members, i.e. columns, carry the entire load of the building, so it’s the most important part of this type of construction.

If a beam or slab of this structure is get damaged, then just one floor is affected, but it will damage the whole building if columns are damaged.

This is reinforced construction so that the whole structure is combined with steel reinforcement cause, the steel can not carry the total tensile load of the structure and the compressive load is carried by both concrete and reinforcement.

Concrete frames are mainly two types, those are-

  • Cast in situ
  • Precast

Precast concrete frame structures are used in one storey building. Precast structures are directly brought from factories and then fix it to the site.

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Concrete Frame Construction

Concrete Frame Construction

Also, Read: What Are Walls | What Is Interior Walls | Types of Interior Wall Materials | Types of Wall Construction | Types of Load Bearing Wall

Concrete Building Construction

Concrete Building Construction (1)

Concrete building construction means reinforced concrete building construction which is a composite structure. In reinforced concrete construction there are mainly two types of RCC is used, those are precast concrete and cast in situ concrete.

Reinforced concrete includes different types of building component, those are-

  • Slabs
  • Beams
  • Column
  • Foundation
  • Wall
  • Frame

In the reinforced concrete frame structure you can change the building structure easily, it’s the main advantage of RCC frame structure.

To construct a reinforced concrete building, one of the most important structural element is beam. The beam resists the bending moment of the slab and the compressive loads.

Also, Read: Difference Between Sketching and Drawing | What Are Conceptual Sketches | Architecture Concept Drawing | Types of Drawings for Building Design

There are different types of beams are present in civil engineering, those are-

Types of Beams

  • Singly Reinforced Beam.
  • Doubly Reinforced Beam.
  • Over Reinforced Beam.
  • Under Reinforced Beam.
  • Balanced Reinforced Beam.

1. Singly Reinforced Beam

  • In this type of beam the reinforcements are provided only the tensile portion of the beam and the reinforcements are called tension steel. It’s provided only to resist the bending moment of the beam.

2. Doubly Reinforced Beam

  • This is a stronger beam than the singly reinforced beam. In this type of beam, the reinforcements are provided in a tensile zone as well as compression zone and it helps the beam to resist both tensile & compressive moment.

3. Over Reinforced Beam

  • This is that type of beam where the tension steel’s tension capacity is greater than the combined capacity of compressive concrete and compression steel. Over reinforced beams fails without getting any warning.

4. Under Reinforced Beam

  • In this type of beam where the tensile reinforcement capacity is smaller than the combined capacity of concrete and compression steel. Under reinforced beam gives a warning before failure and causes a large deformation.

#5. Balanced Reinforced Beam

  • This is that type of beam where tensile zone and compressive zone yields at the same time. This is a risky design because the failure suddenly happen.

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Frame Construction

Frame Construction

It is the method of joining the different materials and give them a structural shape. In frame construction wood, steel, etc materials are used. It is also termed as mass wall construction.

In frame construction different layers are present, those layers are consist of masonry, rammed earth, log building, etc type of material.

Frame construction is divided into two types, that are-

  • Light frame construction.
  • Heavy frame construction.

Frame Construction Advantages

  • It’s economical.
  • It’s versatile.
  • It’s easy to erect.

Frame Construction Disadvantages

  • It’s unstable in fire.
  • It’s highly damageable.
  • Fire spreads easily.

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Balloon Framing Construction

Balloon Framing Construction (1)

  • It’s a wooden construction technique.
  • In balloon construction, long members are used from the sill plate to the top plate.
  • Window sill height, floor heights are marked with a story pole.
  • Balloon construction does not require any type of skilled labours that’s why it’s also economical.

Types of Frame

  • Steel Frame.
  • Timber Frame.
  • Concrete Frame.
  • Fix Ended Rigid Frame.
  • Pin Ended Rigid Frame.
  • Braced Frame System.
  • Gabled Frames.

1. Steel Frame

What Is Steel Structure Building

  • Steel frame type construction is a quick type of construction because all the components are designed in outside and you need to fix them only.
  • Steel structures are lighter than concrete and now it’s also used in domestic purpose.
  • In skeleton form steels are also used in beams are columns.

2. Timber Frame

Balloon Framing Construction (1)

  • Timber frame construction is also the fast type of construction, it reduces 30% time than masonry works.
  • Timbers are super lightweight & those have higher insulation property.

3. Concrete Frame

Frame Construction

  • The reinforced concrete frame is one of the most common types of construction.
  • In this type at first the formwork is done.

4. Fixed Ended Rigid Frame

Fixed Ended Rigid Frame

  • In fix end rigid frame structure both ends are rigidly fixed.

5. Pin Ended Rigid Frame

Pin Ended Rigid Frame

  • In pin ended rigid frame structure both ends are pin ended but the whole structure is not considered as rigid structure when you removed the end condition.

6. Braced Frame System

braced-frame-structures

  • In the braced frame system the beams & columns are pinned with bracing which supports lateral loads.
  • The lateral forces are supported by horizontal and vertical bracing.
  • The braced frame system is good to resist earthquake and wind conditions.

7. Gabled Frames

Gable Frame

  • In the Gabled frame structure, there is a peak on the top of the structure.
  • This frame structure is highly suitable in heavy rain & snow areas.

8. Portal Frames

Portal Frames

  • Portal frame construction is mainly useful in a commercial and industrial area.
  • It looks like door

Also, Read: How to Calculate Cutting Length of Stirrups in Beam and Column

Short Note

What Is a Concrete Frame?

A concrete frame is a common form of structure, comprising a network of columns and connecting beams that forms the structural ‘skeleton’ of a building. This grid of beams and columns is typically constructed on a concrete foundation and is used to support the building’s floors, roof, walls, cladding and so on.

What Is Cheaper Steel Frame or Concrete?

Steel is cheaper than concrete and faster to erect, but comes with a longer lead time. Due to its lower fire resistance, insurance premiums for steel structures tend to be higher.

Reinforced Concrete Frame

Reinforced concrete (RCframes consist of horizontal elements (beams) and vertical. elements (columns) connected by rigid joints. These structures are cast monolithically that is, beams and columns are cast in a single operation in order to act in unison.

Concrete Frame Construction

concrete frame is a common form of structure, comprising a network of columns and connecting beams that form the structural ‘skeleton’ of a building.

This grid of beams and columns is typically constructed on a concrete foundation and is used to support the building’s floors, roof, walls, cladding and so on.

Also, Read: What Is Plumbing Joint | Types of Plumber Joint | Different Types of Pipe Joints and Where Are Use

Concrete Frame Construction Details

A concrete frame is a common form of structure, comprising a network of columns and connecting beams that form the structural ‘skeleton’ of a building.

This grid of beams and columns is typically constructed on a concrete foundation and is used to support the building’s floors, roof, walls, cladding and so on.

Concrete Building Construction

In building constructionconcrete is used for the construction of foundations, columns, beams, slabs and other load-bearing elements.

There are different types of the binding material is used other than cement such as lime for lime concrete and bitumen for asphalt concrete which is used for road construction.

Also, Read: Difference Between Tied Column and Spiral Column | What Is Spiral Column | What Is Tied Column |

Frame Construction

Framing, in construction, is the fitting together of pieces to give a structure support and shape. Framing materials are usually wood, engineered wood, or structural steel.

Types of Frame

  • Rigid Frame Systems
  • Fixed Ended Rigid Frame Structure.
  • Pin Ended Rigid Frame Structure.
  • Braced Structural Frames with Various Types of Bracings.
  • Gable Frame Steel Structure.

Concrete Building Structure

concrete frame is a common form of structure, comprising a network of columns and connecting beams that forms the structural ‘skeleton’ of a building. This grid of beams and columns is typically constructed on a concrete foundation and is used to support the building’s floors, roof, walls, cladding, and so on.

1 thought on “Reinforced Concrete Frame | Concrete Frame Construction | Concrete Building Construction | Frame Construction | Types of Frame”

  1. Great article thanks. Can we say that concrete frame structure and steel frame structure are two different framing systems we select for any building? and Can you explain about gable frame structure

    Reply

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