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Tension Vs Compression | What Is Tension & Compression

What Is Tension?

Tension word becomes from a Latin word meaning “to stretch.”

Testing part of the force, Like one type of pull force. All physical objects that are in contact may exert forces on each other.

This contact forces different names based on these types of objects in contact. Where one of the objects exerting the force happens to be a rope, string, chain, or cable we call the force tensions

Tension Force

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What Is the Tension Force Equal To?

This system has a constant velocity, and there is an equilibrium because the tension in the cable, which is pulling up the object, is equal to the weight force, i.e., mg.

Where M is a mass, and g is the acceleration caused by gravity, which is pulling down the object.

The Formula of Tension.

T = Mg

M = Mass/ Weight kg

g = gravitational force.

Example of Tension Force.

Where you pull on an object with a rope, the rope will stretch slightly. This stretch in the cable can cause the cable to be taut, which allows the cable to transfer a force from one side of the cable to the other, roughly similar to how a stretched spring will pull on objects connected to it.

This stretch of the cable is usually too small to notice, therefore we typically ignore the small stretch that occurs in cables, ropes, and wires. However, if the forces involved are also great, the large amount of stretch may cause the rope to break. So it is advisable to check the tension limit for any cable or ropes you plan on using.

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What Is Compression?

The compression force is the force generated from compressing an object or substance. When shearing forces are aligned into each other, they are called compression forces.

The compression force is used to power everything from compression brakes to hand tools. The compressive strength of materials and structures is an important engineering consideration.

The compression force can be visualized by placing an object on a spring. When the spring is compressed and then released, the object is ejected into the air.

This is a result of the compression force that is generated from compressing the spring.

What Is the compression Force Equal To?

The compression force is usually captured in Newton (N), defined as a unit of force that gives to a mass of one kilogram an acceleration of 1 meter per second squared (m/s2, commonly represented as “a”).

The Formula of Compression.

N = Ma

M = Mass/ Weight kg

A = Area.

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Why Test For Compression Force?

From a design engineer’s perspective, there is a lot to be obtained out of quantifying how a device, product, or structure responds to compressive forces. Compression force testing may yield important information in a variety of facets

Material selection:

In the case of material selection for product design, a compression force test may be used to help design engineers zero-in on the material optimized to withstand compressive environments.

Competitive benchmarking:

This Compression force tests may help design engineers improve the features of their product designs by capitalizing on competitor shortcomings.

Meeting internal or third-party certification standards:

Compression force tests may be integrated into certification processes like ISO, ASTM, and others.

Quality testing:

Compression force tests may also be a last line of defense for products, where such a test will help identify potential product defects. The test can also be used to help identify if something in the manufacturing process has to be adjusted.

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Tension Vs. Compression

Sr.No.TensionCompression
1The force that tries to elongate a body or an object is called tension.The force that tries to shorten the body or an object is called compression.
2Effects of Force : The overall forces are pulling away from the objectEffects of Force: The forces acting upon it are directed toward the body
3Related to object : Can be related to pulling on the ends of a rod Related to object: Can be associated with pushing on the ends of a rod toward the middle

4Method: A force promulgation method Method: Can be used to the transference of force in the hydraulic system as pressure
5Applicable: Only applied in solid strings Applicable: Can be valid to any material
6Position of Applied Force: Always outward from the objectPosition of Applied Force: Always inward to the object
7Considered as: Force Considered as: It is a phenomenon
8Examples: Ropes, the cable of crane, nails, threads, etc Examples: Concrete pillars

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Krunal Rajput: Hey, I am Krunal Rajput. The Man Behind CivilJungle. I started this site to spread knowledge about Civil/Mechanical/Electrical Engineering. I am a Degree Holder in Civil Engineering.