What Is Injection Grouting | Types of Injection Grouting | Different Types of Grouting Materials

Injection Grouting

What Is Injection Grouting?

injection grouting waterproofing

Injection Grouting is defined as the process of filling the cracks, voids under pressure in the structural members for repairing the cracks and strengthening the damaged or deteriorated masonry structures.

In the process of grouting, the cracks and the voids are get filled with the help of grouting material which will get subsequently hardened.

Injection grouting is a similar process as the injection of an epoxy.

Grout is basically a flowable plastic material that has low shrinkage and is widely used for filling voids or gaps completely and will remain stable without cracking.

There are different types of Grounds which are used for repairing and strengthening the masonry structure members.

The selection of the types of grout for the masonry repairing work depends upon the compatibility of the grout with the original material.

Also, read: What Is Grouting | Types of Grouting | Advantage of Grouting

Types of Injection Grouting

  • Polymer Injection Grouting
  • Cement Sand Grouting
  • Gas-Forming Grouting
  • Fibre Reinforced Injection Grouting
  • Sulfo-Aluminate Grouting

1. Polymer Injection Grouting

injection Grouting for concrete Repair

Polymer injection grouting is mainly done with the help of polymers like polyester epoxy, vinyl ester, polyurethane, and acrylic resins.

The polymer is widely used epoxy grout. Polyurethane and acrylic resin Polymers are generally used for repairing of water retaining structures and underground structures as well as to prevent the seepage of water.

The polymer injection grouting is available in in the following grout materials

  • Liquid Resin Content
  • Curing Agent or Hardener
  • Aggregate or Dry Filler
  • This types of injection grouting are suitable for concrete repairing work.

There are different types of polymer-based injection grouting are available

Also, read:  What Is Cover in Concrete | Clear Cover in Beams, Slab, Column, Footing

Types of Polymer-Based Injection Grouting

  • Epoxy-Based Injection Grouting
  • Acrylic Polymer Based Injection Grouting
  • Lignosulfonate Based Injection Grouting
1. Epoxy-Based Injection Grouting

Epoxy-based injection grouting

It is a non-resistance to ultraviolet exposure and high temperatures, it is a non-shrinkable, effective in sealing the cracks, and has good bonding with every construction material.

2. Acrylic Polymer Based Injection Grouting

Lignosulfonate Based Injection Grouting

It has improved structural as well as tensile properties and also resistant to cracking, segregation, and imperviousness.

5. Lignosulfonate Based Injection Grouting

This types of injection grouting help to compensate for drying and plastic shrinkage.

Cement Sand Grouting

Cement Sand Grouting

Cement sand grout is one of the most popular and widely used groutings for the repair of concrete and masonry structures.

This grout is used where strength enhancement of the structures is not essential. It is very easy to use and readily available in the market.

The cement, sand grouting method required a higher amount of water and cement content. The use of cement sand grouting will result in shrinkage and cracking of grouting at the hardening stage.

Also, read: Mortar Vs Grout | What Is Motor and Grout | Types of Motor and Grout | Difference Between Mortar and Grout

Gas-Forming Grouting

The gas-forming injection grouting basically works on the principle that the gas Bubbles expand the grout to compensate shrinkage of grout after its application.

This types of gas Bubbles will develop a reaction of some ingredients with the cement slurry.

The gas-forming grouts are very sensitive to the temperature so that it cannot be used for the places where the temperature is very high.

It requires proper confinement in order to develop good strength and volume stability. The reaction forming the gas bubbles is very fast and it will complete before placing the grout.

Fibre Reinforced Injection Grouting

Fibre Reinforced Injection Grouting

Fibre-reinforced concrete is widely used for repairing the concrete structures as well as masonry structural members.

Fibres such as polypropylene, steel, or glass fibres are generally used for Portland cement to repair and strengthen the structural members. Fibre-reinforced injection grouting provides good flexural strength, resistance to impact, and ductility.

This types of injection grouting required skilled labour.

Sulfo-Aluminate Grouting

Sulfo-Aluminate Grouting

Sulfo-aluminate grouting is based on the principle of shrinkage compensation.

In these types of grouting, the shrinkage compensating cement or anhydrous Sulfo-aluminate expansive additives are used.

This helps to produce expansion after the grout has set and it is more reliable than gas-forming grouts.

This types of grouting are not effective if it is not provided with proper moist curing.

Grouting Material

Properties of grouting material

  • The material which is used for grouting should be non-shrinkable.
  • The grouting material should expand when it is filled in the cracks or voids.
  • The grouting material should be capable to sustain compressive loads.
  • It should have good tensile strength and vibratory load resistance.
  • It should richest the entry of moisture and easy to apply.

Also, read: What Is Honeycomb In Concrete | Cause | Cure | Types of Grouting

Different Types of Grouting Materials

  1. Cement grout or cement-based mortars.
  2. Cement sand with additive grouts.
  3. Polymer Modified cement grout.
  4. Epoxy resin.

Advantages of Injection Grouting

  1. Injection grouting is very easy and convenient to use.
  2. Injection grouting is an environment-friendly process.
  3. It is suitable for repairing cracks and filling voids in structural members.
  4. It provides strength and stability to the masonry structural members.
  5. The injection grouting process is economical.
  6. There is no wastage of material in the injection grouting process.

Process of Injection Grouting

as per below processes of injection grouting

  • Drilling Holes on the Surface
  • Cleaning the Holes and Cracks
  • Sealing the Cracks Between the Holes.
  • Grout the Hose Connections
  • Injecting Grout in the Cracks

Step – 1. Drilling Holes on the Surface

Drill the holes or ports in the cracks at a regular interval. The distance between the two ports depends upon the types of cracks.

For fined cracks, the distance between two ports ranges from 150 mm to 200 mm and the distance between ports in major cracks ranges between 300-400 mm.

Step – 2. Cleaning the Holes and Cracks

Before starting grouting it is very important to clean and flush the cracks and holes properly.

Cleaning can be done manually or by using a vacuum to clean the cracks. The cracks should besprinkle with water.

It is very essential to clean it properly to establish a strong bond and gain maximum strength.

Step – 3. Sealing the Cracks Between the Holes.

The crack between the ports should be filled with epoxy, polyester or cementitious materials.

Allow the seal to hardened and then start the further process of grouting.

Step – 4. Grout the Hose Connections

Fix the nipple or pipe in the holes and seal it by applying cement paste around such that it cannot move from its place.

Step – 5. Injecting Grout in the Cracks

Inject the grout material in the crack or voids with the help of an Injection Grouting machine. It should be filled with pressure.

Injection grouting required skilled labour. The temperature on the site is also considered while the process of grouting.

Applications of Injection Grouting

  1. It is used to reduce or fill the cracks or voids in the structural members.
  2. It is generally used for repairing the cracks in walls columns and other structural members.
  3. It is also used for providing finishing to the wall.
  4. Injection grouting is used to repair the damage in the structural or masonry members.
  5. Injection grouting is best suitable for honeycombing.
  6. Injection grouting is used to repair and strengthening the damaged areas.
  7. It is also used for making walls waterproof.


Types of Injection

  1. Subcutaneous (into the fat layer between the skin and muscle)
  2. Intramuscular (deep into a muscle)
  3. Intravenous (through a vein)

Grouting Injection

Injection grouting is a process of filling the cracks, open joints, voids, or honeycombs, in concrete or masonry structural members, under pressure with a material that cures in place to produce the desired results like strengthening a structure and prevent water movement.

Polymer Grouting

Polymer tile grout is cement-based with added polymers that are activated once they hit water. The chemical reaction increases the grout’s water, abrasion, and chemical resistance and adds an incredible amount of strength. Polymer tile grout is a single component material that is completely stain proof.

Injection Grout

Injection grouting is a process of filling the cracks, voids or honeycombs under pressure in concrete or masonry structural members for repairing of cracks, strengthening of damaged concrete or masonry structural members.

Grouting Waterproofing

Pressure grouting is defined as an injection under pressure of fluid material into fractures and cavities in rock, soils or artificial structures. Concrete grout is then pumped into the holes at high pressure until the concrete comes into contact with the existing foundation.

Epoxy Injection Grouting

Epoxy Injection Grouting – a constructive crack repair method. The Epoxy injection grouting method consists of a solvent-free base material called epoxy resin and a low viscosity liquid hardener. Epoxy Injection grouting helps to fill the joints, cracks, and spaces between old piping and new pipe.

Grout Injection

Grout injection, otherwise referred to as injection grouting, is an effective method for repairing or strengthening masonry walls. This technique involves low-pressure injection of fine hydraulic lime grout into cracks, voids, and cavities within the masonry.

2 thoughts on “What Is Injection Grouting | Types of Injection Grouting | Different Types of Grouting Materials”

  1. Thank you so much for sharing your valuable views on this topic. This blog help me out and gives me lots of knowledge.

  2. Thank you so much for sharing your valuable views on this topic. This blog help me out and gives me lots of knowledge. We also deal in Spray paint machines, Tile cutting machines , wood sander, wall sander, road marking machine and more products, if you or anyone want to connect with us then connect with us at https://alphaeqpt.com/


Leave a Comment