Cement Civil Design Difference

Vitrified Tiles vs Ceramic Tiles | Whаt Is Vitrified Tiles & Ceramic Tіlеѕ

Vitrified Tiles vs Ceramic Tiles

What Is Vitrified Tiles?

Vitrified Tiles

Vitrified tiles are very similar to ceramic tiles, but they are made with slightly different elements. The clay is mixed with quartz and feldspar before being heated in the oven.

These extra ingredients melt, creating a glass element within the tile. This glass component makes the vitrified files very hard and resistant to any type of absorption.

What Is Ceramic Tiles?

Ceramic Tіlеѕ

Ceramic tiles are made of natural clay that is mixed with water and molded. The creators apply an enamel on the tile to help protect it from water and scratches, then throw the clay in an oven to harden it.

Ceramic tiles can be supplied in a wide variety of colors and sizes, but they must always be vitrified for protection.

Also, read: What Is DLC (Dry Lean Concrete ) | Advantage of DLC (Dry Lean Concrete )

How to Identify Ceramic and Vitrified Tiles?

When setting up the home or office of your dreams, you will naturally leave the responsibility to design in the hands of professionals.

But it is always an advantage if you know a little about the trade. Not only can you get involved in the work in progress, but you can also make informed choices.

Most of the appearance is shared by the type of mosaic used. They accentuate the environment and reflect the natural brightness of the space.

It is important to make the right decision regarding blocks, based on the requirement and the purpose. Knowing your tiles and being able to differentiate between different varieties can make the job easier for you.

Also, read: M30 Grade of Concrete Mix Design Procedure with OPC 53 Cement


Inside, homeowners can use ceramics tiles and vitrified for the same applications, such as floors and countertops.

Outside, however, water becomes a very important factor in cold climates, since only a small amount of moisture can freeze in the winter months and break the tile.

The vitrified tile has an absorption rate of 0.50%, almost frost-proof, while the ceramic tile varies from 7 to 3%, making it unsuitable for outdoor applications.


The prices of ceramic tiles vary considerably, depending on the size and personalized work. They tend to cost between $ 8 and $ 20 dollars per square foot.

Vitrified tiles cost a couple of dollars more per square meter because of their extra qualities. Vitrified tiles also need a stronger adhesive than ceramic tiles, which can cost more to install.

Color resistance to UV light

Ceramic tiles – Direct exposure to sunlight will cause the color of the tiles to be removed frequently and the tiles may fade for a period of time.

While Vitrified Tiles has no sunlight effect on this type of tile, as the color will remain for a period of time.

Nail Polishes

Unlike ceramic tiles, vitrified tiles are rarely vitrified. Instead, a dye is mixed with the clay before being burned. This dye makes the clay a uniform color; therefore, even if the vitrified tile is scratched, the color will remain the same.

Instead of being vitrified, vitrified tiles are either polished or unpolished. Polished tiles have a shiny sheen, while unpolished versions are rougher and more natural-looking.

Also, read: What Is Spalling Concrete | Causes of Spalling in Concrete | Repairing Concrete Spalding 


The ceramic tiles are comparatively rough and the outer enamel is applied for the shiny appearance.

While Vitrified Tiles is smooth and shiny. Therefore, it offers an aesthetic

appearance and is easy to clean.


Ceramic tiles

• Tiles are generally available in a smaller size 

• Thickness: 6 mm to 12 mm (0.23 ‘to 0.5 “) 

• General sizes of ceramic tiles 

• 3 ” x 6 ” 

• 9 ” x 12 ” 

• 8 ” X 8 ” 

• 4 ” × 8 ” 

• 12 ” × 12 ” 

Vitrified tiles 

• Vitrified tiles are generally available in size 2 feet x 2 feet (24 “x 24 “) or more.

• Thickness: 8 mm to 12 mm (0.3 “to 0.5”) 

• The overall size of the vitrified tiles 

• 23″ x 23″ 

• 32″ x 32″ 

• 30″x 30″ 

• 40″x 40, еtс. 

Water Absorption

The tiles are very porous and therefore absorb water quickly. Therefore, the use of ceramic tiles in the external area will cause the tiles to develop cracks quickly.

Meanwhile, the vitrified tiles are not porous and therefore the water absorption is negligible. Therefore, it is more suitable for wet areas.

Also, read: What is Plum Concrete | Application | Mix Design | Methodology

Main Differences Between Ceramic and Vitrified Tiles:

Ceramic and vitrified tiles, both can be used on walls and floors. Both types of tiles are available in different varieties of colors, design patterns, and sizes.

Although they are used for the same purpose, there is a big difference between ceramic and vitrified tiles, that is, their properties, availability, cost, etc.

So here we try to provide a brief comparison between ceramic tiles and vitrified tiles, which will help you to make the right choice.

As mentioned earlier, the composition varies. The ceramics are made with clay, while the vitrified tiles contain a mixture of silica and clay.

Ceramic tiles have a thicker texture than vitrified tiles, known for their shiny appearance. However, ceramic tiles have a more natural and earthy appearance than vitrified tiles, whose glassy appearance gives an artificial touch.

The glazing process makes the vitrified tiles stronger than the tiles. As they are composed of a mixture of various materials, such as silica, quartz, and feldspar, together with clay, cooking at high temperatures melts them to make them more durable and resistant.

Due to their low porosity, vitrified tiles absorb very little water when compared to tiles. This makes vitrified tiles a good option for floors.

Vitrified tiles are more resistant to scratches and stains than ceramic tiles. Ceramic tiles are easier to install.

Finally, due to the obvious advantages of vitrified tiles, they cost more than ceramic tiles

Armed with these basic facts, you can easily distinguish the two types of pieces with just one look. You can also analyze which type of tile matches which purpose and install each according to its qualities.

Technical Specification of Tiles As Per IS Code: 13753 And Euro En-159

Technical Specification of Tiles As Per IS Code 

Like this post? Share it with your friends!

Suggested Read-