What Is Wood | Significance of Utilizing Wood in Construction | Main Types of Woods

All about wood

Important Point

What Is Wood?

Wood is a rough yet fibrous fibre consisting of wooden trunk including stems. Once the timber is harvested as from trees, the logs of the wood are seasoned.

Seasoning is the method of getting water from out wood logs to such an acceptable level. It is proposed that seasoning for around one month should be advised in regular dry warm weather.

Also, Read: Top 15+ Best Plywood Brands in India

Significance of Utilising Wood in Construction

Wood is a raw product that has been pretty easy to work on, readily available in vast quantities, and has so many variations. For particular uses, each type of wood could be used. It’s lightweight and durable, and that it’s available in a wide range of patterns and looks more natural.

The substance which has been around since prehistoric times. As a result, qualified workers with sufficient knowledge of the various varieties of wood are readily accessible worldwide. Wood preserves its thermal properties. It is also extremely resistant to extreme temperatures.

The heat conductivity of wood is comparatively poor compared to materials such as aluminium, marble, steel or glass.  This can withstand sound as well as echo, creating it a favoured material for constructing offices including residential structures.

Wood is a weak conductor of electrical waves. It is also ideal that provide protection to a living as well as working environment.

Wooden houses are cheap to build and expand and reap low operating and upkeep costs for a significant period of time. That being said, this still relies on the supply of timber in the local region.

Wood panelling is especially common for ceilings, covering irregularities, reducing upkeep and simplifying the fitting of lighting and ventilation systems.

Also, Read: Timber Vs Lumber | Lumber Vs Wood | What Is Timber | What Is Lumber Wood | What Is Timber Used for | What Is Lumber Used for | Standard Wood Size

Different Types of Wood (Normal Use)

38 different types of woods with pictures of different types of wood are as follows.

Sr.No. Wood Names Pictures of Different Types of Wood  Detail of Different Types of Wood
1 Whitewood, European Whitewood
  • Whitewood is found in Europe, the Baltic states, and the Russian commonwealth It’s a commercial grouping of white to pale yellowish-brown softwoods, commonly used for construction, joinery, and flooring.
2 Western Red Cedar Western Red Cedar
  • Western Red Cedar is mostly found in North America and is a reddish-brown softwood, used for roofing shingles, exterior cladding, and greenhouses.
3 Western Hemlock Western Hemlock
  • Western Hemlock wood are mainly found in North America and are pale brown softwood, used for construction and joinery.
4 Walnut Wood Walnut Wood
  • Walnut wood has occasional waves and curls and rich dark tones that are created through a combination of rich dark heartwood and creamy brown sapwood.
  • It comes up with varying grain patterns.
5 Utile Wood Utile Wood
  • Utile woods are majorly grown in West Africa.
  • It has color reddish-brown hardwood, used for interior and exterior joinery, furniture, and cabinetwork.
6 Teak Wood Teak Wood
  • Teak wood is found in Burma and Thailand and has been extensively planted elsewhere.
  • It has major color golden-brown hardwood, sometimes with dark markings that are used for furniture, interior, and exterior joinery.
7 Southern Yellow Pine Southern Yellow Pine
  • It is generally southern yellow pine used for interior and exterior construction as it’s easy to work and finishes well. It has very few defects.
8 Sitka Spruce Wood
  • This type of wood comes up with a close and straight-grained wood with a high strength-to-weight ratio.
9 Sapele Wood Sapele Wood
  • This is mostly found and grown in South East Asia and is a medium reddish-brown hardwood with a marked stripe figure, used for interior joinery, furniture, and flooring.
10 Redwood, European Redwood
  • Pinus sylvestris is generally found in Scandinavia, the Baltic States, and the Russian Commonwealth.
  • It is also available in the UK, where it’s known as Scots pine or British pine.
  • It has colored a pale yellowish-brown to red-brown softwood, commonly used for construction, joinery, and furniture.
11 Poplar Wood Poplar Wood
  • Poplar wood’s color is pale, light, and very soft. It is mostly used in joinery, furniture interiors, and packing cases and for making plywood.
  • It second most prior source after conifers for cellulose for pulp paper.
12 Pitch Pine Wood Pitch Pine Wood
  • A Central American softwood pine has better strength and durability compared to most pines.
  • The commercial graded pitch pine is used for constructional work.
13 Pine Wood Pine Wood
  • Pinewood is a cheaper and more readily available alternative to traditional hardwoods.
  • It is one type of pale wood that can range from yellow to almost red in appearance.
  • Pinewood is highly susceptible to wear and denting, especially in high-traffic areas.
14 Opepe Wood Opepe Wood Opepe wood is found in West Africa. It has the color yellow to orange-yellow hardwood, used for heavy construction, marine, and freshwater construction, and for exterior joinery and flooring.
15 Okoume Wood Okoume Wood
  • This is only found in the forests of Gabon. Okoume wood is softwood and has color salmon pink in color with a fibrous texture and an irregular grain that looks like light mahogany.
  • Okoume trees mainly produce cylindrical logs, which are suitable for slicing and peeling and is mainly used to make veneer sheet.
16 Oak, European Wood European Wood
  • It is majorly grown in Europe and is a yellowish-brown hardwood used for furniture, interior, and exterior joinery, flooring, barrels, and fencing.
17 Oak Wood Oak Wood
  • This is traditionally used first choice construction timber. It mainly straight-grained and Colors range from light to medium brown.
  • Sometimes, it is called red oak because its autumnal foliage has more flecks and a defined grained finish. Oakwood is heavy, hard-wearing, and very strong.
18 Meranti Wood Meranti Wood
  • This is a mixed-species grouping of the Shorea genus that’s grown in South East Asia.
  • Commercially, meranti woods are grouped according to their color and density.
19 Maple Wood Maple Wood
  • It is generally straight-grained and is characterized by irregular patterning, which can include fiddle back and bird’s eye patterns.
  • It comes up with light brown heartwood color and thin white sapwood that can be tinged with reddish-brown.Maple wood is very strong, heavy, and has a high resistance to knocks.
  • After stained, it has a light, almost translucent appearance. maple is found in Canada is one of the hardest species
20 Ligneous Wood Ligneous Wood
  • The ligneous wood materials are bagasse, bamboo, cereal straw, and flax or hemp shives.
21 Khaya Wood Khaya Wood
  • Khaya wood is also known as West African mahogany, it’s slightly lighter in weight than Brazilian mahogany but normally has a coarser texture.
22 Iroko Wood Iroko Wood
  • Iroko wood trees mostly grew in West Africa. It has the color yellow-brown hardwood with a grain that’s irregular and interlocked.
  • Iroko wood is mostly utilized for interior and exterior joinery and for construction work. A cheaper alternative to teak.
23 Greenheart Wood Greenheart Wood
  • The Greenheart is grown and found in Guyana.
  • It has color dense yellow or olive green to brown hardwood used for heavy construction such as bridges, marine, and freshwater construction.
24 European Beech European Beech
  • European Beech is a very Important type of wood.
  • It is generally grown in Europe and is a white to pale brown color hardwood, used for furniture, interior joinery, and flooring.
  • It can be used for plywood.
25 Elm Wood European Beech
  • It is one of hardwood and grain similar to or even exceeding that of oak.
  • It is found in a variety of colors and tones from cream to dark brown and its grain is equally diverse, ranging from straight to wavy.
  • Characteristically, the elm comes up with incorporates knots and burrs.
26 Douglas fir Wood Douglas fir Wood
  • Douglas fir wood is grown in North America and the UK.
  • It generally has a light reddish-brown color with softwood, used for construction, interior, and exterior joinery, and in plywood. It is very strong compared to weight.
27 Danta Wood Danta Wood
  • The danta wood comes up with fine grain mostly interlocked with mahogany red heartwood and lighter sapwood.
  • It’s a hard and strong wearing surface. It is mostly used for high-quality joinery, cabinetwork, benchtops, boat components, decking, and interior and exterior applications.
28 Dahoma Wood
  • Dahoma wood generally has coarse interlocked grain, yellowish-brown streaky heartwood, and pale sapwood.
  • It is one of hard timber mostly for exterior use, such as exterior structural timbers, mining timbers, marine work, sleepers, outdoor furniture, decking and so on.
29 Conifer Wood Danta Wood
  • Wood cut out from Coniferous or cone-bearing trees are known as conifers. Generally, these trees are evergreen, the trees have needle-like leaves and produce softwood timber.
30 Cherry Wood Cherry Wood
  • Cherry wood has color reddish-brown and it comes up with straight-grained wood that may contain pith flecks and small gum pockets that create random patterning.
31 Celtis Wood
  • A celtis wood is a straight-grained but sometimes interlocked wood. It comes up with yellowish-grey heartwood and sapwood and fine texture with a slightly lustrous look.
  • It is majorly utilized for interior joinery and trim, flooring, moldings, veneer, plywood, handles, and some furniture.
32 Cedar Wood Cedar Wood
  • It is one of the major used lightweight softwood.
  • It can be useful in construction work. Cedarwood is proven durable with straight gain.
33 Brazilian Mahogany Wood Brazilian Mahogany Wood
  • Brazilian mahogany is denser than many African mahoganies.
  • It can be used for making boats and different construction work utilization.
34 Beech Wood Beech Wood
  • Beechwood is one of the hard durable wood that is found in its natural form comes in a variety of warm, soft honey tones.
  • Sometimes, beech has been treated at high temperatures to create a unique red color.
35 Bamboo Wood Bamboo Wood
  • It generally has a rich golden colour that’s very hard-wearing.
  • As bamboo is impervious to moisture, it can be used in conjunction with the ornamental part of a water feature or for flooring in bathrooms, conservatories, and other wet areas.
36 Balsa Wood Balsa Wood
  • However, balsa wood is one of the softest and lightest weight timbers, it is a hardwood.
  • Balsa is mainly used for heat, sound, and vibration insulation and for model making.
37 Ash Wood Ash Wood
  • Ashwood one type of light wood and it offers distinctive luster when polished.
  • Its structure almost open grain and is reasonably hard wearing. This type of wood can be stained to almost any color.
38 Akasa Wood Akasa Wood
  • Its types of heartwood and sapwood. Which is straight-grained grey-brown color.
  • It is mainly utilized in interior joinery, light structural work, flooring, utility furniture, veneer for plywood and turnery.
  • An Akasa wood is general utility interior wood.

Types of Woods (6 Main Types of Woods)

construction company uses different types of wood. Which is are as follows.

  • Teak Wood
  • Sal wood
  • Plywood
  • Nova-Pan Wood/ Medium Density Fiber Board
  • Rubber Wood
  • Cedar Wood

#1. Teak Wood

Teak Wood

The timber harvested from broad-leaved deciduous trees ̈Tectona Grandis teak ̈ is considered as Teak Wood. Teak is hardwood and seems to have a rich oil base with such a high tensile strength relative to many other forms of wood.

It is really robust that can last a hundred years. As stated, all wood needs to be seasoned. Wood in a building can only be used until proper seasoning.

Use of Teak Wood:

  1. This is strong enough to resist all sorts of climatic pressures.
  2. It is extremely resilient and withstands the moisture content throughout rainfall.
  3. Such a form of wood is primarily used during exterior doors, that are vulnerable to environmental weather conditions including furniture in lawns, gardens, respectively.
  4. The value of teak wood seems to be much greater compared to many other forms of wood.
  5. Teak Density Wood = 700 to 850 Kg/m
  6. A healthy teak does have a higher density. Denser than concrete Strength Color: yellow to dark brown

Advantages of Teak wood:

  1. Natural protection to pests as well as bugs: as stated, Teak does have a natural oil content, it’s indeed immune to the damage done by termites as well as other fungal insects to the wood.
  2. Density: The density is so much greater in teak that prevents the rot as well as the deterioration of wood.
  3. Resistant of moisture.
  4. Can be hand-carved comfortably.
  5. No requirement for painting. Self finished products including soft material.
  6. Less cleaning and less polishing.
  7. Teak wood is simple to handle, polish as well as function using, which is why a number of carved designs were produced being used.

Disadvantages of Teak wood:

  1. The main drawback is that it is very costly.
  2. Limited indisponibility
  3. Hard to find high-quality timber.
  4. Woodworking equipments is blunted: since the wood itself is very heavy, it also renders wooden tools blunt as well as required constant sharpness of equipment.

Also, Read: Heartwood Vs Sapwood | What Is Sapwood | What Is Heartwood

#2. Sal Wood:

Sal Wood

The wood that originates from Sal Tree is termed Sal Wood. This is less costly as compared to the Teak. Sal Trees are straight and cylindrical in form that can grow longer in height. Then we can harvest fine, longer-length timber.

Uses of Sal Wood:

  1. Sal wood can be used for inside doors and window frames, tool handles, respectively.
  2. This is not that challenging as opposed to Teak wood which needs the control of termite. They are 30-40 percent heavier than teak, just 20 percent heavier than teak.
  3. Salt wood density = 800 to 900 kg/m

Advantages of Sal Wood:

  1. These can also be widely available in larger sizes.
  2. These are resistant to moisture.
  3. Polishing is really not needed, however painting is necessary.
  4. Less costly relative to Teak wood.
  5. It’s conveniently available.

Disadvantages of Sal Wood:

  1. Thermite control is necessary.
  2. Direct sunlight on Sal wood is discouraged as this can contribute to the development of Cracks in Wood.
  3. Sal wood The surface has little cracks and they are packed with paint.
  4. Finishing involves painting.

Also, Read: Rate Analysis for Providing and Fixing Wooden Door | How to Use Rate Analysis for Providing and Fixing Wooden Door

#3. Ply wood:

Ply wood

This is a Sturdy thin wooden board consisting of three or four layers of wood, and that these layers are bonded to each other with alternate grains. Since perpendicular graining is made of wood, it is tougher to wear and longer-lasting than regular wood.

Uses of Ply wood :

  1. Solely wood you could raise the strength is Plywood. But how is that? Yeah, not only does Plywood have the strength of the wood it’s constructed of, and it is improved to allow it was last better.
  2. Once they put two or even more board lengths on top of each other with alternate grains, it stops the wood from becoming able to touch for any comfort. More and more strands of wood are used, the stronger the plywood.
  3. The whole sort of wood is often used in partitions, cartons, furniture, and so on.
  4. There have been various forms of Plywood depending on the quality of the materials used.
  5. Softwood Ply wood, Hardwood Ply wood, Aircraft Ply wood, Decorative Ply wood, Flexible Ply wood, Marine Ply wood.
  6. Density Ply wood = 500 to 650 Kg/m

Advantages of Ply wood:

  1. Insulation material: plywood does have the function of insulation, serving as insulation for fog, high humidity, respectively. It may have a strong thermal as well as sound insulation property.
  2. Strength: Plywood may hold large items quickly. As other have described, these are pressed on top of each other with alternate grains. Owing towards this aspect, it makes loading smoother for all areas of Plywood.
  3. Flexibility: As that of a designed component, it can be changed to any desired form as per consumer requirements. It can be quickly changed to take any part of the construction

Disadvantages of Ply wood:

  1. Plywood is found to release Volatile Organic Compounds.
  2. Plywood gets thick in contact with the water and therefore should be shielded when left outdoors to eliminate the occurrence of absorption.

Also, Read: MDF vs Plywood | What Is MDF | What Is Plywood

#4. Novapan Wood/ Medium Density Fiber Board (MDF):


Nova Pan Particle Boards are amongst the better replacements for plywood as well as other forms of wood that we typically use for building purposes. Such wood is built waste material derived from hardwood or softwood then combined with binders (Wax or Resins) under high pressure and temperature to create wood fibers. That’s the best wood commercially available.

It was an environmentally commodity that requires fewer resources to make boards. They are generally made in panels and could be sliced in whatever form you choose.

Nova-Pan Wood density = 500 to 1000 Kg/m3. Much Denser is more efficient and usable in three forms of light, regular and high density.

Uses of Novapan wood

Nova pan wood is branded with different shades, if it has been labeled with such a green hue, then that is moisture tolerant but if it is red then that is a fire retardant. One such form of wood is being used to produce furniture that makes it cheaper and cheaper.

Advantages of Novapan wood:

  1. Quite inexpensive relative to other natural forests.
  2. It has no grains, it’s isotropic wood (properties are the same in both directions) It won’t contract or extend under atmospheric conditions.
  3. Finishing is better compared to Plywood.

Disadvantages of the wood of Novapan:

  1. The grade in light Nova-pan can swell while in contact with the water.
  2. It can shrink under low atmospheric conditions.

Also, Read: Difference Between Timber And Wood | What is Wood | What is Timber

#5. Rubber Wood:

Rubber Wood

Rubber Wood is the low-cost, light wood that comes from rubber trees which produce latex, the raw material used in the manufacture of natural rubberRubber Wood is also called “parawood,” and grows in Amazon forest in Brazil and after the tree reaches maturity (approximately 9 years) then the latex extraction begin.

Uses of Rubberwood:

One such form of wood is being used for furniture. It has much less power relative to other trees.

Advantages of Rubberwood:

  1. It’s really cheap timber relative to other trees.
  2. It’s conveniently accessible.
  3. Less density for light furniture.
  4. This is an eco-friendly commodity.
  5. Fewer covers.

Disadvantages of Rubberwood:

  1. Detrimental to wellbeing, according to scientific findings, rubberwood is the most harmful to wood and can cause extreme allergies.
  2. Readily vulnerable to spores when in contact with water.

Also, Read: What Is MDF | Advantages of MDF | Disadvantages of MDF | MDF Properties | Application of MDF | How to Waterproof MDF | What Is MDF Made of

#6. Cedar Wood:

Cedar Wood

Cedarwood is indeed a prickly softwood with such a red-brown appearance with thin lines. Cedar is gentle relative to other softwoods. The texture of the wood is smooth and extremely resistant to rot and insects. In fact, these are aromatic. It is indeed located in Kashmir as well as Assam in India.

Uses of Cedar Wood:

  • It is one of the most common styles of wood used to line drawers, chests, and cabinets. Easy cases including storage closets are often made of this wood.

Advantages of Cedar Wood:

  1. Durable: It has become one of the durable woods which is inherently resistant to rust, rotting, insect attacks, other than being resistant to moisture absorption, cedar wood requires less upkeep and does not cover quickly. Attractive: the wood has a good paint hue that appears more attractive and it can be handled with a much more appealing finish.
  2. Versatile: Very versatile wood accessible in varying shapes, textures and grades.
  3. Environmentally friendly: Timber is environmentally preferable to manufactured goods and organic and biodegradable.
  4. Affordable: Cedar wood is a reasonably priced timber, considering its many benefits.

Disadvantages of Cedar Wood:

  1. Sensitive: Cedar wood is indeed a delicate wood that can be readily scratched or enclosed by furniture.
  2. Needs Maintenance: Maintenance is necessary in ability to remain properly sealed, maintenance is required each year.

ALso, Read: What Is Cedar Wood | Is Cedar a Softwood or Hardwood | Uses of Cedar Wood | Types of Cedar | Red Cedar Wood | Facts About the Cedar Tree


What Are the 3 Types of Wood?

The Three Main Types of Wood. Before we get into all of the different wood varieties and their common uses, it’s important to understand the three basic types of wood you might encounter. These three types are: softwoods, hardwoods, and engineered wood.

Use of Teak Wood

Teak is known for its incredible durability and water resistance. Teak has a high oil content, giving it the highest decay-resistance among all natural wood products. Teak is used for boat building, yachts, exterior construction, indoor and outdoor furniture, veneer, carvings, frames, and more.

Advantages of Teakwood

In addition to being moisture resistant, teak is also resistant to light and heat. The natural properties of Teak wood also make it resistant to pests and other harmful agents, contributing to its durability. These properties also make teak wood an excellent tool for kitchen and bathroom utensils.

Disadvantages of Teakwood

Teak can be difficult to glue together because the oils form a barrier that will not easily absorb the glue into the surface. It can be expensive to buy and because of the gritty nature of the wood grain it can blunt cutting tools very quickly.

Sal Wood

SAL wood is one of the hardwood timbers. It comes with very hard and coarse grain. It is very light in appearance and turns into dark brown color with prolonged exposure to sunlight. The resinous and durable wood would let you make the most of your investment. The wood is the most sought-after one in constructions.

Uses of Sal Wood

Sal is one of the most important sources of hardwood timber in India, with hard, coarse-grained wood that is light in colour when freshly cut, but becomes dark brown with exposure. The wood is resinous and durable, and is sought-after for construction, although not well suited to planing and polishing.

Disadvantages of Sal Wood

  • The main SAL Wood disadvantages-it’s that it’s generally not suitable for polishing and planning.
  • It is difficult to saw and work with SAL Wood.
  • The product is not suitable for shutters and furniture.
  • Shrinking and swelling of the wood is a very common problem.

Uses of Plywood

Structural plywood is commonly used as beams, subfloors, shipping crates, roof bracing, or wall bracing. Exterior plywood, as it sounds, it used for outdoor structures. Exterior plywood is made to be water resistant and tough against environmental elements.

Advantages of Plywood

  • Increased stability.
  • High impact resistance.
  • Surface dimensional stability.
  • High strength to weight ratio.
  • Panel shear.
  • Chemical resistance.

Disadvantages of Plywood

Plywood that is faced with a good quality veneer can be stained to look like almost any wood and is easy to paint. The disadvantages of plywood are that it is not always easy to find more than the most common types. While plywood comes in several standard thicknesses, the manufacturer’s claims aren’t always accurate.

Uses of Medium Density Fiber Board

  • Furniture.
  • Cabinets and shelves.
  • Flooring.
  • Decorative projects.
  • Speaker boxes.
  • Wainscoting.
  • Doors and door frames.
  • Tradeshow booths and theater set construction.

Advantages of Medium Density Fiberboard

  • MDF is hard to both flex or crack. Although MDF is technically made out of wood, its structure is absolutely different.
  • MDF is more affordable and easier to supply. Generally, MDF boards come at a lower price than natural wood.
  • MDF is easier to paint and seal.
  • MDF is BEST for cabinetry.

Disadvantages of Medium Density Fiberboard

  • Engineered wood is easy to damage. One of the main differences between solid and engineered wood is the surface.
  • MDF is heavier.
  • MDF is vulnerable to extreme heat Remember that engineered wood is made out of wax and/or resin-like compounds.
  • MDF can’t support too much weight.

Uses of Cedar Wood

With this visual appeal, cedar lends itself to be used in many applications like fencing, decking, siding, and trim. Because of its aromatic smell and natural insect-repellent, some types of cedar can also be used in manufacturing dressers and other clothing storage.

Advantages of Cedar Wood

  • Cedar is durable. Cedar thrives in damp climates, enabling it to withstand many conditions.
  • Cedar is sound resistant. Cedar is a porous wood, which gives it the ability to absorb noise.
  • Cedar is a natural insect repellent.
  • Cedar is naturally beautiful.

Disadvantages of Cedar Wood

  • Cost- Just like composite, cedar can be much more expensive than other wood.
  • Fades to a weathered grey over the years, which can be a drawback to some people.

Different Types of Wood

  1. Cedar: Cedar is an aromatic and naturally rot- and bug-resistant softwood, and it’s well-known for its beauty and durability. It comes from a variety of coniferous trees, with white and red cedars being the most common. As the name suggests, white cedar is paler and weathers to a pleasant silvery gray. Red cedar has an amber appearance and will weather to a deep, rich brownish-red.
  2. Fir: Fir, or Douglas fir, is a very hard and durable softwood, and it comes from a tree species of the same name. Douglas fir trees grow very tall, reaching heights of 200 to 300 feet if left to their own devices in the forest. The wood is rot- and insect-resistant, but not quite to the degree of a cedar.
  3. Pine: Pine is a very soft wood that’s incredibly easy to work with. It comes from a variety of pine trees grown all over the United States. Common types include sugar, white, ponderosa, and southern yellow pine. It’s less dense than others and easy to work with, but it doesn’t tend to offer much bug or rot resistance.
  4. Redwood: If you’re not familiar with redwood, you might know it better by its more romanticized moniker: Sequoia. Redwood trees are known as the tallest tree species in the world, growing up to 400 feet. These softwoods grow in a relatively small area of the Pacific Northwest of the United States.
  5. Ash: Ash is a hardwood lumber that comes from a variety of trees, including black ash, green ash, white ash, and blue ash. With enough space, an ash tree can grow up to 60 feet tall and spread up to 80 feet wide.
  6. Birch: Birch is a popular and rather economical hardwood. Birch trees are common in the eastern United States, particularly in the Northeast. These trees grow up to 70 feet tall but tend to stay thinly trunked. The most common variants of the birch tree are the white birch, yellow birch, and black birch.
  7. Cherry: Cherry trees are good for more than just their fruit: They also produce one of the most sought-after wood types available. The trees are common throughout the Midwest and eastern United States, with commercial production coming mostly from the Virginia, West Virginia, Pennsylvania, and New York areas.
  8. Mahogany: Mahogany is a luxury-grade hardwood that grows in the Central and South Americas, West Africa, and the West Indies. A mahogany tree can grow very tall, reaching heights of more than 150 feet.
  9. Maple: The red maple tree is the most common tree species in the United States, but it’s the less popular rock or sugar maple from which the majority of maple wood comes. The trees reach heights of 115 feet, but can have equally as vast canopies.
  10. Oak: Oak trees, whether they are the red or white variant, are commonly found trees in the United States and produce two of the most popular hardwoods available. Oak trees can grow up to 85 feet tall, and they drop floods of acorns every fall.
  11. Poplar: Poplar wood comes from a variety of poplar trees, some of which can reach towering heights of up to 160 feet. These trees are widely spread across the eastern United States, and they produce a hardwood beloved by DIYers and amateur woodworkers for its utility.
  12. Teak: When it comes to blending durability and good looks, teak is one of the top choices in the hardwood market. This wood comes from the teak tree, which is native to southern Asia but also grows on farms in Latin America, Africa, and other tropical regions.
  13. Walnut: Another popular hardwood, walnut lumber, comes from the black walnut tree, which is common across the eastern United States. These trees grow to be up to 120 feet tall and produce a wonderfully rich, chocolatey wood sought after by woodworking enthusiasts.
  14. Pressure Treated: As you might’ve guessed, pressure-treated lumber does not come from a tree of the same name. It generally comes from southern yellow pine and douglas fir, both of which are good choices given their natural rot and insect resistance.
  15. FSC Certified: Like pressure-treated lumber, FSC Certified is not the name of the tree that produces this wood. FSC stands for the Forest Stewardship Council, which is a nonprofit that sets high standards for the forestry industry. The council’s standards help ensure that companies are harvesting lumber safely and responsibly.

What Are the Main Types of Wood?

  • Softwoods: Pine, Cedar, Spruce, Deodar, Fir, and Redwood.
  • Hardwood: Teak wood, Rosewood, Oakwood, Maple wood, Ashwood, Mango wood, Neem wood, Mahogany wood, Beechwood, Walnut wood, and Marandi wood.
  • Engineered Wood: Real wood, Scrap wood, Shredded wood fibers, and Sawdust Wood.

What Is the Most Beautiful Wood?

  • Pink Ivory Wood
  • Sandalwood
  • Agar Wood
  • African Blackwood
  • Bocote Wood
  • Ebony Wood
  • Lignum Vitae Wood
  • Dalbergia Wood
  • Bubinga Wood
  • Purple Heart Wood

What Type of Wood Is Used for Furniture?

Hardwoods are the best type of wood material for furniture. A product that is getting harder and harder to find, hardwood furniture has a combination of beauty and durability that cannot be matched by any softwood or engineered wood. While softwoods can be beautiful, they aren’t nearly as durable as hardwoods.

What Is the Most Expensive Wood in the Philippines?

There is a gold rush happening in the jungles of the Philippines. The treasure is one of the rarest trees in the world: lapnisan or agarwood. It is also the world’s most expensive tree. A kilo of agarwood fetches as much as P750,000. A whole tree is worth tens of millions of pesos, which is why many people would kill for a piece of this rare tree.

What Is the Hardest Wood?

Generally acknowledged as the hardest wood, lignum vitae (Guaiacum sanctum and Guaiacum officinale) measures in at 4,500 pounds-force (lbf) on the Janka scale.

Which Type of Wood Is Best for Furniture?

  1. Walnut: Walnut is a hard, strong and durable wood for furniture. It carves well and holds its shape for years. This makes it perfect for ornate furniture that requires a high level of craftsmanship. This wood is ideal for investment pieces and furniture you want to stay in your family for generations. Think Amish Heirloom furniture.
  2. Maple: Maple is one of the hardest wood types for furniture. It’s often used for heavy-use items like dressers and dining sets, as it can take a beating. Maple is more affordable than other hardwoods. This, combined with its durability, makes it ideal for young families.
  3. Mahogany: Mahogany is a durable hardwood that’s often used for investment, intricate pieces of furniture. The wood species has a pleasingly fine, straight grain. Because of the trees’ large size, mahogany is produced in large boards. This makes it perfect for focal point furniture. Mahogany has a timeless look and adds warmth to the room. Any mahogany wood furniture will last generations with proper care.
  4. Birch: Birch is an extremely strong and durable hardwood that grows abundantly in North America. The species’ beautiful appearance and blond color make it a great wood type for modern furniture. It has an elegant, clean-lines grain that complements simplistic interior design.
  5. Oak: Oak is a durable and long-lasting wood type. Because of the trees’ slow growth, the wood is extremely dense, adding to its quality. The wood adapts to a variety of finishes. This makes it ideal for both modern and traditional furniture. It’s also often used for Mission/Arts & Crafts furniture design.
  6. Cherry: Cherry wood is known for its extremely straight and uniform grain. The wood polishes well and has a beautiful finished look. Also known for its popularity use for antique furniture, cherry is last centuries with the proper care. It is considered a prized hardwood among craftsmen. Cherry wood furniture is often an investment that will pay off long-term.
  7. Bamboo: Bamboo is known for its eco-friendly nature and beautiful blond coloring. The species is actually a grass, rather than hardwood. Because of this, bamboo grows rapidly. It grows about 10-times faster than hardwoods do. Bamboo also resists swelling and shrinking.
  8. Pine: Pine is popular with rustic and farmhouse design. It is a lightweight wood, making it great for families that move frequently. Pine is an inexpensive wood and is a good option for those who aren’t quite ready for the investment of other wood types. Pine paints well and painted pine furniture is often used for kids’ rooms because of the fun colors.

What Is the Most Expensive Wood?

African Blackwood is one of the hardest and densest wood in the world and is mostly used for musical instruments. It is considered as the most expensive wood in the world because not only it is challenging to work with hand or machine tools, its trees are already near-threatened.

What Is the Cheapest Wood?

Pine is the cheapest wood for furniture making. It is easily available while on the other side it is considered to be of a higher quality compared to most softwoods.

Which Wood Is Best for Interior?

  1. Oakwood is perfect for modern furniture and flooring ideas. Oak is durable and comes in a red and white variety. The grain produces beautiful patterns enhancing classic and modern interior design.
  2. Beechwood is versatile, lasting, and beautiful. Creamy yellow color and yellowish-brown colors add warmth and brightness to modern interior design. Beechwood materials are flexible and used for modern furniture design in stunning banded forms.
  3. Pine wood is a cheap and widely available type. Perfect for interior design and decorating, pinewood brings a unique aroma into homes and creates warm and cozy rooms.
  4. Cherry wood is a prevalent wood type for luxurious interior design and decorating. Beautiful cherry wood furniture and doors get gorgeous with age. The cost of cherry is high, but its fantastic look and dark color are worth the money.
  5. Walnut wood brings rich brown colors into modern interior design and decorating. Exclusive and expensive, walnut wood furniture looks fantastic, adding great accents to classic and contemporary interior design.

Is Cedar Wood Expensive?

Cost- Just like composite, cedar can be much more expensive than other wood. Fades to a weathered grey over the years, which can be a drawback to some people.

What Is the Rarest Wood on Earth?

Considered as one of the rarest wood on earth, lignum vitae have exclusive features that you can’t expect before. The most distinctive part is nothing else but its high oil content.

Is Pine the Cheapest Wood?

Pine is the cheapest wood used in furniture. Because it grows so quickly, there is a higher supply of pine trees. Pine is also less expensive because than many other woods because it is soft, making it susceptible to damages.

Why Is Lumber So Expensive?

Lumber and plywood prices are so high now because of the short-run dynamics of demand and supply. Wood demand shot up in the summer of pandemic. Many homeowners were stuck at home, unable to vacation.

Which Wood Is Best for Walls?

  1. Hickory: One of hardest North American woods, it shows the grain and looks good on floors as well as walls in cottages.
  2. White oak: Grey colour works well in modern homes. The grain is more uniform.
  3. Red oak: Super durable, this wood was used for parquet and thin-strip wood flooring in homes built in the 1970s and earlier. It takes stain beautifully.
  4. Oiled white oak: This wood is a vanilla colour, has a uniform grain and a flat matte look. It needs maintenance. You have to oil it every couple of years
  5. Ash storm: A versatile grey colour that goes with most furniture. You can feel the ridges in the wood.
  6. Brazilian cherry: Exotic hardwood. When you take these types of wood out of their native climate and into a cold country, they can warp and split.
  7. Reclaimed pine: This orangey softwood and will show dents and scratches. You have to embrace the patina. Good for walls
  8. Walnut: Popular with designers, this goes with every type and colour of furniture. It has a soft grain and comes in a wider plank.

How Long Does Cedar Wood Last?

Cedar decks last 15 to 20 years, compared to 10 to 15 years for pressure-treated wood. The wood’s longevity depends on several factors, including: Quality of the pressure-treated process. Whether the cedar came from the heart or sapwood of the tree.

What Cedar Wood Is Used For?

Outside, cedar has natural weather-resistant properties that make it a good choice for siding, shingles, decking, greenhouses, arbors and fences. It’s considered to be a “durable” wood that can withstand exposure to the elements, but it’s not completely rot-resistant.

Is Cedar Wood Waterproof?

Due to its chemical properties, cedar is naturally weather-resistant and repels most bugs. Cedar accepts sealers and stains beautifully and should be refinished every two to three years. If you plan to keep your cedar’s natural color, note that cedar can darken dramatically when exposed to sunlight.

What Is Special About Cedar Wood?

Cedar thrives in damp climates, enabling it to withstand many conditions. Cedar doesn’t shrink, swell, warp, or decay even when there are severe changes in weather, which makes it such an ideal choice for exterior siding. Cedar is sound resistant. Cedar is a porous wood, which gives it the ability to absorb noise.

Is Cedar a Strong Wood?

Cedar is durable and strong– Western Red Cedar is lightweight but stable and is less likely to crack and warp than even treated lumber.

How Much Does Pine Cost?

Low: Soft woods, such as pine, typically cost $3 to $6 per square foot for the flooring, and another $3 to $5 per square foot for installation.

Wood Type Material Cost Per Square Foot Installation Cost Per Square Foot
Pine $3-$6 $3-$5
Teak, American Cherry, Oak $5-$10 $4-$8

Is There a Lumber Shortage?

And now, there’s a shortage of lumber, which has had an effect on the housing market, due to construction difficulties. According to Vox, lumber has become a “hot commodity” over the last year. After the cost of 1,000 board feet of lumber spent years in the range of $200 to $400, it’s now over $1,000.

Is Cedar Wood Bad?

Occupational exposure to cedar and pine woods and pine resin (colophony) can cause asthma and chronic lung disease. We hypothesize that repeated occupational exposure to these substances might promote the chronic lung damage observed in some cedar- and pine-wood workers and in electronic workers exposed to colophony.

Is Cedar Wood Better Than Pine?

Cedar is generally regarded as the stronger and more durable of these two woods. It does not need any special treatment and stands up well to the elements, with a low risk of warping and shrinking. Pine, on the other hand, is more at risk of buckling, warping, and shrinking.

Is Wood Cheaper at a Lumber Yard Than Home Depot?

Typically, you are going to find that Home Depot has the cheapest lumber between the big box stores. Lowe’s is typically the second cheapest (though it’s close). Lumber 84 is going to be the more expensive option between the three brands.

What Can Cedar Wood Be Used For?

With this visual appeal, cedar lends itself to be used in many applications like fencing, decking, siding, and trim. Because of its aromatic smell and natural insect-repellent, some types of cedar can also be used in manufacturing dressers and other clothing storage.

Is Cedar an Antiviral?

Some essential oils possess antiviral properties, but these have usually been tested as liquids, which have limited applications. In this study the vapor of cedar leaf oil (CLO vapor) was evaluated for antiviral activity, in addition to its possible anti-inflammatory activity.

Should I Paint or Stain Cedar?

Another important reason why stain lasts longer than paint on cedar siding is that they are durable enough to take foot traffic. Due to its durable nature, stain protects wood better than the normal paint. Solid stain actually protects wood better by letting the moisture escape if moisture is allowed into the wood.

Do I Need to Seal Cedar Wood?

Cedar offers a durable option for exterior and interior building projects with natural resistance to rot and decay, so a protective finish is optional. If you’re using cedar for an outdoor project, give it a light seal coat to guard against moisture and sunlight.

What Is the Best Treatment for Cedar Wood?

The best clear Cedar finish stain for outdoors is Linseed oil, hands down. Linseed oil is the primary ingredient in any oil finishes, which dries clear. You can find other clear water-based stains, but will not last nearly as long as a Linseed oil based stain will.

Is Wood Cheaper at a Lumber Yard?

Lumber yards being pricier than big box stores is a myth. In many cases, your local lumber distributor is less expensive for one reason – specialization. Prices always vary with different types of wood, but you can be sure your local lumber yard is competitive in price.

Is Wood Cheaper at Home Depot or Lowes?

When purchasing lumber for a building or home improvement project, both price and quality can vary between stores. In general, The Home Depot has the lowest prices on lumber, and Lowe’s prices are typically just a few cents more.

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