What Is Wood?
Wood is a rough yet fibrous fibre consisting of wooden trunk including stems. Once the timber is harvested as from trees, the logs of the wood are seasoned.
Seasoning is the method of getting water from out wood logs to such an acceptable level. It is proposed that seasoning for around one month should be advised in regular dry warm weather.
Also, Read: Top 15+ Best Plywood Brands in India
Significance of Utilising Wood in Construction
Wood is a raw product that has been pretty easy to work on, readily available in vast quantities, and has so many variations. For particular uses, each type of wood could be used. It’s lightweight and durable, and that it’s available in a wide range of patterns and looks more natural.
The substance which has been around since prehistoric times. As a result, qualified workers with sufficient knowledge of the various varieties of wood are readily accessible worldwide. Wood preserves its thermal properties. It is also extremely resistant to extreme temperatures.
The heat conductivity of wood is comparatively poor compared to materials such as aluminium, marble, steel or glass. This can withstand sound as well as echo, creating it a favoured material for constructing offices including residential structures.
Wood is a weak conductor of electrical waves. It is also ideal that provide protection to a living as well as working environment.
Wooden houses are cheap to build and expand and reap low operating and upkeep costs for a significant period of time. That being said, this still relies on the supply of timber in the local region.
Wood panelling is especially common for ceilings, covering irregularities, reducing upkeep and simplifying the fitting of lighting and ventilation systems.
Different Types of Wood (Normal Use)
38 different types of woods with pictures of different types of wood are as follows.
|Sr.No.||Wood Names||Pictures of Different Types of Wood||Detail of Different Types of Wood|
|2||Western Red Cedar||
|7||Southern Yellow Pine||
|8||Sitka Spruce Wood||
|12||Pitch Pine Wood||
|14||Opepe Wood||Opepe wood is found in West Africa. It has the color yellow to orange-yellow hardwood, used for heavy construction, marine, and freshwater construction, and for exterior joinery and flooring.|
|16||Oak, European Wood||
|26||Douglas fir Wood||
|33||Brazilian Mahogany Wood||
Types of Woods (6 Main Types of Woods)
construction company uses different types of wood. Which is are as follows.
- Teak Wood
- Sal wood
- Nova-Pan Wood/ Medium Density Fiber Board
- Rubber Wood
- Cedar Wood
#1. Teak Wood
The timber harvested from broad-leaved deciduous trees ̈Tectona Grandis teak ̈ is considered as Teak Wood. Teak is hardwood and seems to have a rich oil base with such a high tensile strength relative to many other forms of wood.
It is really robust that can last a hundred years. As stated, all wood needs to be seasoned. Wood in a building can only be used until proper seasoning.
Use of Teak Wood:
- This is strong enough to resist all sorts of climatic pressures.
- It is extremely resilient and withstands the moisture content throughout rainfall.
- Such a form of wood is primarily used during exterior doors, that are vulnerable to environmental weather conditions including furniture in lawns, gardens, respectively.
- The value of teak wood seems to be much greater compared to many other forms of wood.
- Teak Density Wood = 700 to 850 Kg/m3
- A healthy teak does have a higher density. Denser than concrete Strength Color: yellow to dark brown
Advantages of Teak wood:
- Natural protection to pests as well as bugs: as stated, Teak does have a natural oil content, it’s indeed immune to the damage done by termites as well as other fungal insects to the wood.
- Density: The density is so much greater in teak that prevents the rot as well as the deterioration of wood.
- Resistant of moisture.
- Can be hand-carved comfortably.
- No requirement for painting. Self finished products including soft material.
- Less cleaning and less polishing.
- Teak wood is simple to handle, polish as well as function using, which is why a number of carved designs were produced being used.
Disadvantages of Teak wood:
- The main drawback is that it is very costly.
- Limited indisponibility
- Hard to find high-quality timber.
- Woodworking equipments is blunted: since the wood itself is very heavy, it also renders wooden tools blunt as well as required constant sharpness of equipment.
#2. Sal Wood:
The wood that originates from Sal Tree is termed Sal Wood. This is less costly as compared to the Teak. Sal Trees are straight and cylindrical in form that can grow longer in height. Then we can harvest fine, longer-length timber.
Uses of Sal Wood:
- Sal wood can be used for inside doors and window frames, tool handles, respectively.
- This is not that challenging as opposed to Teak wood which needs the control of termite. They are 30-40 percent heavier than teak, just 20 percent heavier than teak.
- Salt wood density = 800 to 900 kg/m3
Advantages of Sal Wood:
- These can also be widely available in larger sizes.
- These are resistant to moisture.
- Polishing is really not needed, however painting is necessary.
- Less costly relative to Teak wood.
- It’s conveniently available.
Disadvantages of Sal Wood:
- Thermite control is necessary.
- Direct sunlight on Sal wood is discouraged as this can contribute to the development of Cracks in Wood.
- Sal wood The surface has little cracks and they are packed with paint.
- Finishing involves painting.
#3. Ply wood:
This is a Sturdy thin wooden board consisting of three or four layers of wood, and that these layers are bonded to each other with alternate grains. Since perpendicular graining is made of wood, it is tougher to wear and longer-lasting than regular wood.
Uses of Ply wood :
- Solely wood you could raise the strength is Plywood. But how is that? Yeah, not only does Plywood have the strength of the wood it’s constructed of, and it is improved to allow it was last better.
- Once they put two or even more board lengths on top of each other with alternate grains, it stops the wood from becoming able to touch for any comfort. More and more strands of wood are used, the stronger the plywood.
- The whole sort of wood is often used in partitions, cartons, furniture, and so on.
- There have been various forms of Plywood depending on the quality of the materials used.
- Softwood Ply wood, Hardwood Ply wood, Aircraft Ply wood, Decorative Ply wood, Flexible Ply wood, Marine Ply wood.
- Density Ply wood = 500 to 650 Kg/m3
Advantages of Ply wood:
- Insulation material: plywood does have the function of insulation, serving as insulation for fog, high humidity, respectively. It may have a strong thermal as well as sound insulation property.
- Strength: Plywood may hold large items quickly. As other have described, these are pressed on top of each other with alternate grains. Owing towards this aspect, it makes loading smoother for all areas of Plywood.
- Flexibility: As that of a designed component, it can be changed to any desired form as per consumer requirements. It can be quickly changed to take any part of the construction
Disadvantages of Ply wood:
- Plywood is found to release Volatile Organic Compounds.
- Plywood gets thick in contact with the water and therefore should be shielded when left outdoors to eliminate the occurrence of absorption.
Also, Read: MDF vs Plywood | What Is MDF | What Is Plywood
#4. Novapan Wood/ Medium Density Fiber Board (MDF):
Nova Pan Particle Boards are amongst the better replacements for plywood as well as other forms of wood that we typically use for building purposes. Such wood is built waste material derived from hardwood or softwood then combined with binders (Wax or Resins) under high pressure and temperature to create wood fibers. That’s the best wood commercially available.
It was an environmentally commodity that requires fewer resources to make boards. They are generally made in panels and could be sliced in whatever form you choose.
Nova-Pan Wood density = 500 to 1000 Kg/m3. Much Denser is more efficient and usable in three forms of light, regular and high density.
Uses of Novapan wood
Nova pan wood is branded with different shades, if it has been labeled with such a green hue, then that is moisture tolerant but if it is red then that is a fire retardant. One such form of wood is being used to produce furniture that makes it cheaper and cheaper.
Advantages of Novapan wood:
- Quite inexpensive relative to other natural forests.
- It has no grains, it’s isotropic wood (properties are the same in both directions) It won’t contract or extend under atmospheric conditions.
- Finishing is better compared to Plywood.
Disadvantages of the wood of Novapan:
- The grade in light Nova-pan can swell while in contact with the water.
- It can shrink under low atmospheric conditions.
#5. Rubber Wood:
Rubber Wood is the low-cost, light wood that comes from rubber trees which produce latex, the raw material used in the manufacture of natural rubber. Rubber Wood is also called “parawood,” and grows in Amazon forest in Brazil and after the tree reaches maturity (approximately 9 years) then the latex extraction begin.
Uses of Rubberwood:
One such form of wood is being used for furniture. It has much less power relative to other trees.
Advantages of Rubberwood:
- It’s really cheap timber relative to other trees.
- It’s conveniently accessible.
- Less density for light furniture.
- This is an eco-friendly commodity.
- Fewer covers.
Disadvantages of Rubberwood:
- Detrimental to wellbeing, according to scientific findings, rubberwood is the most harmful to wood and can cause extreme allergies.
- Readily vulnerable to spores when in contact with water.
#6. Cedar Wood:
Cedarwood is indeed a prickly softwood with such a red-brown appearance with thin lines. Cedar is gentle relative to other softwoods. The texture of the wood is smooth and extremely resistant to rot and insects. In fact, these are aromatic. It is indeed located in Kashmir as well as Assam in India.
Uses of Cedar Wood:
- It is one of the most common styles of wood used to line drawers, chests, and cabinets. Easy cases including storage closets are often made of this wood.
Advantages of Cedar Wood:
- Durable: It has become one of the durable woods which is inherently resistant to rust, rotting, insect attacks, other than being resistant to moisture absorption, cedar wood requires less upkeep and does not cover quickly. Attractive: the wood has a good paint hue that appears more attractive and it can be handled with a much more appealing finish.
- Versatile: Very versatile wood accessible in varying shapes, textures and grades.
- Environmentally friendly: Timber is environmentally preferable to manufactured goods and organic and biodegradable.
- Affordable: Cedar wood is a reasonably priced timber, considering its many benefits.
Disadvantages of Cedar Wood:
- Sensitive: Cedar wood is indeed a delicate wood that can be readily scratched or enclosed by furniture.
- Needs Maintenance: Maintenance is necessary in ability to remain properly sealed, maintenance is required each year.