Metakaolin IMP Point As Per IS 456
• Metakaolin having fineness between 700 to 900 m2/kg may be used as pozzolanic material in concrete. (As Per IS Code-456, P-13, Cl. No: 188.8.131.52)
• Note-Metaknoline is obtained by calcination of pure or refined kaolinitic clay at a temperature between 650oC and 850oC, followed by grinding to achieve a fineness of 700 to 900 m2/kg. The resulting material has high pozzolanic.
Aggregates IMP Point As Per IS 456
• Aggregates should not contain more than 0.5 % of sulfates as SO3 and should not absorb more than 10 % of their own mass of water. (As Per IS Code-456, P-14, Cl. No: 5.3.1)
• For heavily reinforced concrete members as in the case of ribs of main beams, the nominal maximum size of the aggregate should usually be restricted to (As Per IS Code-456, P-14, Cl. No: 184.108.40.206)
• 5 mm less than the minimum clear distance between the main bars
• 5 mm less than the minimum cover to the reinforcement, whichever is smaller.
Water in Concrete IMP Point As Per IS 456
• Water in Concrete (As Per IS Code-456, P-14, Cl. No: 5.4)
Water used for mixing and curing shall be clean and free from injurious amounts of oils, acids, alkalis, salts, sugar, organic materials, or other substances that may be deleterious to concrete or steel.
Slump Test IMP Point As Per IS 456
• Slump Test & Workability (As Per Is Code 456, P-17, Cl. No: 7.1)
|Placing Conditions||Degree of Workability||Slump (mm)|
|Blinding concrete;||Very low||As Per Is 456, P-17, Cl 7.1.1|
|Pavements using pavers|
|Mass concrete;||Low||25mm -75 mm|
|sections in slabs,|
|beams, walls, columns;|
|Hand placed pavements;|
|Strip footings||Medium||50mm -100 mm|
|sections in slabs,|
|beams, walls, columns;||75mm -100 mm|
|Trench fill;||High||100 mm -150 mm|
|Tremie concrete||Very high||As Per Is 456, P-17, Cl 7.1.2|
Water Cement Ratio IMP Point As Per IS 456
• Water Cement Ratio (As Per IS Code-456, P-17, Cl. No: 220.127.116.11)(As Per IS Code-456, Table- 5, P-20)
|Minimum Grade of Concrete.||Maximum Free Water- Cement Ratio||Minimum Cement Content kg/m3|
• As Per Is 456 P, 20 Cl 18.104.22.168, Cement contains in Concrete for 20 mm aggregate as per the above table & 10 mm & 40 mm aggregate add additional cement as per IS Code as below
|Sr No.||Nominal Maximum Aggregate Size|
|Adjustments to Minimum Cement Contents in as per above table|
Standard Deviation for Concrete IMP Point As Per IS 456
• As per Is 456 – Standard Deviation for Concrete. this standard deviation use in concrete after the bulk cube failure of concrete. (As Per IS Code-456, P-22, Cl. No: 22.214.171.124)
• Standard deviation based on the test strength of a sample.
• A number of test results of the samples– The total number of test strength of samples required to constitute an acceptable record for calculation of standard deviation shall be not less than 30.
• Attempts should be made to obtain the 30 samples, as early as possible, when a mix is used for the first time.
• In case of significant changes in concrete: When significant changes are made in the production of concrete batches(for example changes in the materials used, mix design, equipment or technical control),
• The standard deviation value shall be separately calculated for such batches of concrete.
• Standard deviation to be brought up to date: The calculation of the standard deviation shall be brought up to date after every change of mix design.
|Grade of concrete||Assumed Standard Deviation N/mm2|
Assumed Standard Deviation (As Per IS Code-456, P-23, Table-8)