The cement grades indicate how much cement has a rolling resistance. The strength of the cement (Compressive strength) was generally measured after 28 days with adequate curing.

Proper curing is very important because curing controls the rate of hydration of the cement, so proper curing is very important to obtain the total compressive strength of the cement.

**Ordinary Portland cement** has 3 **grades 33, 43, and 53**. According to the Bureau of **Indian Standard**, these grades are differentiated by their compressive strengths and expressed in megapascals (Mpa), which is N / mm^{2}.

Compressive strength is a proportion of load per unit area. The load is calculated in newton (N), and the area is calculated in mm^{2}. The** differences between 33, 43, and 53 grades** cement are as follows:

Generally, three different types of cement are used, which are,

**Grade-33**Cement**Grade-43 Cement****Grade-53 Cement**

Also, read: Difference Between M25 and M30 Concrete | What Is M25 Grade | What Is M30 Grade

**Grade 33 Cement:**

**Grade 33 Cement:**

Grade 33 Portland cement shows its high workability compared to other grades. In plaster and masonry mortars, grade 33 was commonly used.

Fineness = 300 kg / m^{2}

**Crush strength 3 days later = 16 N / mm ^{2} after 7 days later, force = 22 N / mm^{2} after 28 days later, force = 33 N / mm^{2}**

**Grade 43 Cement:**

**Grade 43 Cement:**

Portland Grade 43 cement was generally used in the construction of reinforced concrete, also called R.C.C. Class 43 is also used in R.M.C, which is also called pre-mixed concrete and is also used in precast concrete for construction purposes.

The fineness will be = 225 kg / m^{2}

**Crush resistance 3 days later = 23 N / mm ^{2} after 7 days later, force = 33 N / mm^{2} after 28 days later, force = 43 N / mm^{2}**

Grade 43 cement has a good ability to resist sulfate, and grade 43 has a low chloride content. Class 43 cement has a good working capacity, and, using this class, we obtain a good and smooth exit surface.

Also, read: Cinder Block Vs Concrete Block | What Is Cinder Blocks | What Is Concrete Blocks

**Grade 53 Cement:**

**Grade 53 Cement:**

In grade 53, Portland cement, low chloride content was present, and grade 53 cement has a good ability to resist sulfate.

The amount of cement is required in a smaller volume because this grade has high strength as compared to other grades of Portland cement.

Grade 53 cement is mainly used in:

- C.0 Bridges.
- Construction of precast civil construction.
- Construction of factories, construction of buildings, etc. (Strength required for buildings).
- Construction of concrete sleeper (for railways).

**The fineness of grade 53 will be = 225 kg / m ^{2} Crush resistance 3 days later = 27 N / mm^{2} after 7 days, force = 37 N / mm^{2}**

After 28 days, force = 53 N / mm^{2}

Grade 53 cement has high strength after 28 days after proper curing. Without proper healing, strength is not achieved properly.

Also, read: What Is Slump Cone Test | Principle of Slump Test | Types of Concrete Slump

**1. IS codes**

**1. IS codes**

**For 33 grade IS 269 is used****For 43 grade IS 8112 is used****For 53 grade IS 12269 is used**

**2. Compressive strength**

**2. Compressive strength**

For calculating the compressive strength, sand and water from the cement are mixed, vibrated and cured, and cubes are made.

These cubes are tested in the** laboratory at 27 ° C after 3 days, 7, and 28 days. The cement classification indicates the compressive strength of the concrete after 28 days of laying.**

Also, read: What Is Cover in Concrete | Clear Cover in Beams, Slab, Column, Footing

**3. Initial strength**

**3. Initial strength**

Here you can see that the initial strength of cement 53 is greater than 33grde or 43.

The strength of** grade 53 does not increase much after 28 days due to the initial strength gain, while grade 33 and 43 cement continues to gain strength after 28 days.**

Over time, 33 and 43-grade cement will achieve the same maximum strength as 53-grade cement.

**4. Heat of Hydration**

**4. Heat of Hydration**

During the initial setup, the 53-grade cement releases heat of **hydration at a much faster rate compared to the 33 and 43 cement.**

Therefore, the chances of microcracks are much greater; these micro-cracks may not be visible on the surface. Often, site supervisors or masons increase the amount of cement in the mix.

They think this will increase the strength and durability of the concrete. But it creates micro-cracks in the concrete.

Therefore,** grade 53 cement should only be used where such applications justify** the manufacture of concrete with greater strength, where there are good supervision and quality assurance measures and where appropriate precautions are taken to reduce the greatest heat of hydration through an appropriate healing process.

The **43-grade cement releases medium** heat of hydration. The **33-grade cement releases low heat of hydration**.

Also, read: Quality Testing of Sand for Concrete | Quality Testing of Sand for Construction | Type of Sand Test

**5. price **

**5. price**

- The price of 33-grade
**cement is lower than 43-grade cement.** - The 43-grade cement
**price is higher than 33 but lower than 53.** - The price of
**cement 53 is higher than 33 and 43.**

**6. Uses**

**6. Uses**

Currently,** 33-grade cement is rarely** used. As most manufacturers have adopted **PPC. 33-grade cement** is commonly used to manufacture low strength concrete, as **below M20 concrete**.

43-grade cement is used in PCC and RCC works, preferably where the concrete grade is up to M30.

It is also recommended for plastering, tiles, masonry and stone masonry, flooring, path, etc., where the initial days are strong, and not of primary importance.

It is also used to finish all types of buildings, bridges, culverts, roads, water retention structures, etc.

Grade 53 OPC cement is recommended in all RCC structures, such as feet, columns, beams, and slabs, where initial and final strength is the main structural requirement. Can also be used for RCC jobs where the concrete grade is M30 and above

**Building – Activity,**

**A precast concrete item, such as paving blocks, tiles, building blocks, pipes, sleepers, masts, etc.****Work in prestressed concrete, such as bridges, silos, etc.****Track, concrete roads, bridges.****Concreting for cold weather, cement grout, instant clogging, etc.**

Every type of cement is suitable for a different set of tasks. Each of them has a variable level of resistance, the use of incorrect resistance levels for a specific job can affect your overall structural design.

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**Suggested Read –**

- Building Estimation Step by Step In Excel Sheet
- Concrete Material Calculation / Concrete Quantity
- Heartwood Vs Sapwood | What Is Sapwood | What Is Heartwood
- M30 Grade of Concrete Mix Design Procedure with OPC 53 Cement
- What Is DLC (Dry Lean Concrete) | Advantage of DLC (Dry Lean Concrete )
- Detail of Beam Connection | Simple Framing Connection | Semi-Rigid Framing Connection | Rigid Frame Connection

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