Which Cement Is Best for House Construction | Different Types of Cement  and Use

_Best for House Construction

Which Cement Is Best for House Construction?

Which Cement is Best for House Construction is a common question to ask people who are thinking about constructing a new home themselves. Yes, Nothing wrong in this question everyone. Must think about this question Which Cement is Best for House Construction.

The followings are two best types of cement for house construction.

  1. Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC).
  2. Portland Pozzolana Cement (PPC).

There are two most common types of cement which are generally used in house construction:

#1. Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC).

OPC 53

OPC is popular and widely used for construction works from a very large time and it is the most popular choice for usage in every type of construction work. Some of the advantages of using OPC are-

OPC (Ordinary Portland Cement) is one of the most popular construction building materials used all across the globe. This name ‘Portland’ was given by the British cement manufacturer Joseph Aspdin at 1824 because of its strong resemblance to Portland Stone, a type of white-grey limestone found at this isle of Portland, Dorset at England.

Joseph Aspdin is also credited to have patented this first true artificial cement, which he named as the Portland cement.

Also, read: Properties of Stones | Requirements of Good Building Stones

OPC Benefits-

  • It attains strength in less time.
  • It is available in three grades: Grade 33, Grade 43, and Grade 53.

#2. Portland Pozzolana Cement (PPC)-

PPC Cement

PPC has now become the first choice because of the use of pozzolanic materials that’s imparts better properties to the cement. The strength of this cement is equivalent to OPC 53 Grade cement. Some of the advantages of using PPC are-

Portland-pozzolana cement (PPC) is produced by grinding together Portland cement clinker and artificial pozzolana (Fly ash) with this addition of gypsum or calcium sulfate. Fly ash is a very fine material produced as a residue precipitated electro-statically or mechanically from the exhaust gases of a coal-fired thermal power station.

Generally, 15-25% fly ash is mixed and ground together with 65-75% Portland clinker and 3-6% gypsum

PPC Benefits:

  • It is cheaper than the OPC.
  • Better resistance against chemicals.
  • It facilitates better workability.

Also, read: Stone Masonry vs Brick Masonry | What Is Brick Masonry | What Is Stone Masonry

Different Types of Cement  and Use

CementPropertiesUses
Masonary cementInert materials like dolomite lime-stones, gypsum, air-entraining agent are mixed with clinkers of portland cement. Concrete is workable, possess, fattiness, cohesiveness, plasticity. It tetains mixing water than comes in contract with dry bricks. Not suitable for works other than masonary work.Specially prepared for masonry work
Oil well cementIt should capable of being pumped for 3 hours under high pressure and temperature, It sets slowly and hardens quickly.Filling space between steel& liming and well of well
Ordinary Portland cementFineness - Residue ≯ 10% when sieved on IS No 9 soundness - Expansion ≯ 10 mm, Compressive quickly
3 days ≮ 160 kg/cm2
7 days ≮ 220 kg/cm2
setting time
Initial ≮ 30 min
Final ≯ 10 hours
All types of ordinary construction works
Pozzolanic cement20 to 40% pozzolana are mixed with 60 to 80% Portland cement while grinding. Volcanic ash, pumice, or powered burnt brick can be used as pozzolana Produces less heat of hydration resists sulphate action, developes strength slowly, imparts water githtness, more workability and plastically, possess high strength, cheap.Mass concrete construction in costal areas sewage works contruction below ground
Quick setting cementSets in 5 minutes and gets hard in 30 minutes. Fine grinding after adding a small percentage of aluminum sulfate. The percentage of gypsum and retarders are reduced.Construction under running or stable water
Rapid Hardening cementHigh strength is achieved earlier due to a higher degree of fineness in grinding, clinkering at high temperature 7 days, and 28 days strength of ordinary concrete is obtained in 3 days and 7 days only Not suitable for mass concrete.Concrete in cold weather climate, early removal of forms, speed in construction, early use of structure
Sulphate resistant cementThe proportion of C3A is reduced and C2S is increased Hardness is slow, a longer period of curing.Culverts, canal siphon canal lining in alkaline soil
Super Sulphate cement80 to 85% wellgranulated slag are moxed with 10 to 15% calcium sulphate and 1 to 2% protland cement. Mir is finely ground.Low heat of hydration hence suitable for mass concrete.lt should NOT be mixed with ordinary portland cement, or High alu- mina a cement. Resistive to chemical attack cement expands when used underwater and shrinks when cured in air. Forms good bond with set concrete.Suitable for all purpose mass concrete places where chemical attck is suspected.
Water Proof cementCalcium sterate. Aluminium sterate and gypsum treated tannic acid are added to ordinary portland cement while grinding. Resistive to water penetration Resistive to corrosive action of acid and alkalies.Tanks, reservoirs drams, bridge piers swimming pools
White cementPercentage of Iron Oxide reduced to 1% to avoid greyish colour oil is used as fued. Chalks and lime stones having low iron content and white clay are used as raw materials strength less than ordinary concrete. High cosotProduction of light coloured cements floor finish, plaster work, ornamental works, precast concrete blocks
Acid Resistance cementQuartz, Quartzites are used as aggregates + Soluble glass for increasing resistance against acid and to act as binding materialChemical industries, Acid resistant, Heat resistant
Air entraining
cement
Air entraining against - oils, fatty acids, dorex resin mixed during during grinding. Strength reduced lay 10 to 15%, workable, plastic, resists froest action.Concrete roads in cold regions frost resistance
Blast furnace slag cementGranulated blast furnace slag mixed while grinding workable plastic, resistive to dampness,
sulphate action, corrosive effect less heat of hydration economical not suitable for cold weather.
Prefabricated RCC units Alkaline soil, mass, concrete marine works underground works
Coloured cementRaw materials - china clay, pure lime. White cement is used to light colour

Colour - Pigment
Black - Carbons
Green - Chromium dioxide
Blue - Cobalt
Red, Yellow
Black. Brown - Iron Oxide
Brown, Black - Manganese oxide
Floor finish artificial marble stair treads windows sills.
Expanding cementSulphate Aluminates and stabili- zing agents are added to ordinary cement. This cement expands while hardening.Water retaining structures problems ofleakages requirements
High Aluminum cementObtained by calcinating lime stone and Bouxite. Resists chemical effect high, temperature, corrosive actionon acid, sea water, evolves head during setting. Higher initial setting time and lower final setting time. Compressive strength double than ordinary cement, should not come in contact with lime or ordinary cement.Frost regions, sea water, refractory and heat resistant. Concrete concreting, against internal water flow, high early strength.
Extra Rapid hardening cement
20% calcium chloride ground with Rapid hardening cement, strength - 25% higher then Rapid harding more shrinkagesWhen very high early strength is required cold weather concreting and Early removal of Form work.
High strength ordinary cementHigher Compressive strength
Pre cast and pre stressed units. Indian railways.
Hydrophobic cementObtained by grinding naptha, acidol, soap with cement clinkers formation of thin films on grains of concrete can be stored for longer period.Cold and frost forming weather
Low Heat cementPercentages of C3A and C3S are reduced and C2S and C4AF are increased. Less compressive strength. Greater sulphate resist- ance.Delay in construction speed not suitable for ordinary works.Mass concrete works resistive to sulphate action .

Also, read: What Are Walls | Classified of Walls | Load-Bearing Vs Partition Walls

Best Cement in India 2020 or Top 10 Cement in India

The following are the best cement in India 2019-20. This are the top 10 cement in India nowadays.


FAQ

Best Cement for Construction

  1. Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) 43 Grade Cement: It is used majorly for wall plastering works, Non-RCC structures, pathways etc. 43-grade cement attains a compression strength of 43 Mpa (megapascals) in 28 days of setting. Make sure that your 43 cement brand adheres to IS 12269 standard code.
  2. Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC), 53 Grade Cement: It is mainly used in RCC and pre-stressed concrete of higher grades, cement grouts, instant plugging mortars etc. 53 Grade cement is used for fast paced construction were the initial strength is to be achieved quickly. 53 Grade attains 27 Mpa in 7days compared to 23 Mpa by 43-grade cement. 53 Grade cement adheres to IS 8112 standard code.
  3. Portland Pozzolana Cement (PPC): PPC Cement has a higher degree of fineness, impermeable and corrosion-resistant quality that makes the concrete denser resulting in long-lasting structures. It is used in mass concreting work as well as RCC work. Even though the initial setting time of PPC cement is low, it gains more strength with time. PPC cement adheres to IS 1489 standard code.
  4. Portland Slag Cement (PSC): PSC is preferred over OPC grade in constructions where the structures are more liable to sulfate and chloride attack. Due to its excellent corrosion resistance, particularly from salt water, it is widely used in coastal regions, sewage disposal, and water treatment plants. PSC Grade cement adheres to IS 455:1989 standard code.
  5. White Cement: This cement is used in architectural and decorative designs, it is also used to fill gaps in wall tiles, ceramic bathroom fixtures. The manufacturing process of white cement is different and more complicated when compared to ordinary Portland cement.

OPC Benefits

Today, we know that grape seed extract contains oligomeric proanthocyanidin (OPC), an antioxidant that is believed to improve certain health conditions. Some scientific evidence supports the use of grape seed or grape seed extract to reduce poor blood flow in the legs and to reduce eye stress due to glare.

Best Cement for Concrete

The cement types that are good for construction are Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) and Portland Pozzolana Cement (PPC). OPC has 3 types: 33 Grade for non-RCC, 43 Grade for plastering, and 53 Grade for fast-paced projects. PPC makes the structure denser, making it perfect for mass concreting works.

Best Cement for Roof Slab

Use of OPC 53 grade and PPC ( Portland pozzolana cement) is the best cement for roof dhalai and for all type of RCC structure like footing,slab, beam and column.

Which Cement Is Best OPC or PPC?

PPC has a lower heat of hydration and it is prone to fewer cracks compared to OPC. PPC has lower strength than OPC but PPC provides better workability and finishing than OPC. PPC provides greater resistance to chemicals.

OPC and PPC Cement Which Is Better?

OPC (m53) attains strength in a shorter time, while PPC (m43) takes longer. Faster is the drying process, more is the risk of cracking of cement, and therefore it need more care and more amount of water for curing in a lesser time. PPC on the other hand can attain strength equal to OPC, but takes a longer time.

Which Cement Is Best for House Construction?

  1. Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) 43 Grade Cement: It is used majorly for wall plastering works, Non-RCC structures, pathways, etc.
  2. Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC), 53 Grade Cement: It is mainly used in RCC and pre-stressed concrete of higher grades, cement grouts, instant plugging mortars, etc. 53 Grade cement is used for fast paced construction were the initial strength is to be achieved quickly.
  3. Portland Pozzolana Cement (PPC): PPC Cement has a higher degree of fineness, impermeable and corrosion-resistant quality that makes the concrete denser resulting in long-lasting structures. It is used in mass concreting work as well as RCC work.
  4. Portland Slag Cement (PSC): PSC consists of 25-70% granulated slag, 3% gypsum and the rest is clinker. Granulated slag is, essentially, a non-metallic product comprising more than 90% glass content with silicates and alumino-silicates of lime.
  5. White Cement: White Portland cement is used in combination with white aggregates to produce white concrete for prestige construction projects and decorative work. White concrete usually takes the form of pre-cast cladding panels, since it is not economical to use white cement for structural purposes.

Best Cement for Concrete

Grade 33 and Grade 43 OPC cement are the old grade of cement used for residential construction and nowadays it is replaced by OPC 53 grade of cement. OPC 53 grade cement is the best cement for concrete.

Which is the Best Cement for House Construction?

UltraTech Cement, Ambuja Cement, ACC Cement is the most popular and trusted best cement for house construction.

Which Cement Has the Best Quality?

There are different brands of cement available in the market. Among these, there are three cement brands that have high trust value namely UltraTech Cement, Ambuja Cement, ACC Cement.

Which Is the No 1 Cement in India?

According to revenue and market share revenue and market share, UltraTech Cement Ltd has the highest market share about 21.40 % of total cement consumption in India. So, UltraTect Cement Ltd is now No 1 Cement in India.

Which Cement Is Best OPC or PPC for House Construction?

OPC is the best for house construction in India. Generally, OPC 53 Grade cement is suitable for all RCC structures like footing, column, beam, and slabs, where ever initial and ultimate strength is the major structural requirement.

Which Cement Brand Is Best for the Roof?

Ultratect Cement Is Best for Roof Construction for Houses. Because Ultratect Assures Quality Check Parameters of Cement.

Which Cement Is Best?

According to revenue and market share revenue and market share, UltraTech Cement Ltd has the highest market share about 21.40 % of total cement consumption in India. So, UltraTect Cement Ltd is now No 1 Cement in India.

Which Cement Is Best for Foundation?

The foundation of the house is one of the most important structural elements and it must be constructed with quality cement. There are three cement brands that have high trust value namely UltraTech Cement, Ambuja Cement, ACC Cement.

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