What Is Concrete Mix Ratio?


 Making concrete, it is important to use the correct concrete mixing ratios to produce a tough, long life, durable concrete mix.
 To make concrete, four basic materials you need: Cement, sand, aggregate, water, and addmixture.
 This concrete mix ratio of aggregate to sand to cement is an important factor in determining the compressive strength of the concrete mixture.
 This concrete mixture ratio of 1 part cement, 1 parts sand, and 3 parts aggregate will produce a concrete mix of approximately 2500 to 3000 psi.
 Mixing water with this cement, sand, and aggregate will form a paste that will bind the materials together until the mix hardens.
 This strength properties of the concrete are inversely proportional to the watercement ratio.
 Basically, the means the more water you use to mix this concrete, the weaker the concrete mix.
 This less water you use to mix the concrete, the stronger the concrete mix.
 Accurate concrete mixing ratios may be achieved by measuring this dry material using buckets or some other kind of measuring device.
 By measuring the mixing ratios, you will have a consistent concrete mix throughout your entire project.
 Relevant Is Code: Is 4562000 for Concrete mix ratio table

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Type of Concrete Mix Ratio.


 As Per IS Code 4562000 three different part of Concrete Mix Ratio
 Nominal Concrete Mix Ratios
 Standard Mixes Ratio
 High Strength Concrete Mix Ratio
 As Per IS Code 4562000 three different part of Concrete Mix Ratio

Nominal Concrete Mix Ratios



 The specifications for concrete prescribed these proportions of cement, sand, aggregates, and water.
 These mixes of the fixed cement, sand, and aggregate ratio that ensures adequate strength are termed nominal mixes.
 Nominal concrete mixes offer simplicity and under normal circumstances, have a margin of strength above that specified.
 However, because of the variability of mix ingredients, the nominal concrete for given workability varies widely in strength.
 This nominal mix ratio is generally adopted for small scale constructions.
 In this type of mix, this nominal concrete mix ratios and concrete constituent proportions are prefixed and specified.
 E.g., M15(1:2:4), the quantity of cement, sand (fine aggregate), and coarse aggregate are batched in volume as per the fixed ratio 1:2:4. From the above table till M25 grade, these concrete proportions are called as Nominal mix concrete.


Concrete Grade

Mix Ratio

Compressive Strength  
MPa (N/mm^{2})  psi  
Normal Grade of Concrete  
M5  1 : 5 : 10  5 MPa  725 psi 
M7.5  1 : 4 : 8  7.5 MPa  1087 psi 
M10  1 : 3 : 6  10 MPa  1450 psi 
M15  1 : 2 : 4  15 MPa  2175 psi 
M20  1 : 1.5 : 3  20 MPa  2900 psi 
Concrete Mix Ratio Table For Nominal Concrete Mix Ratios
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Standard Concrete Mixes Ratio



 Standard Mixes Ratio specifications for concrete prescribed these proportions of cement, sand, aggregates, and water.
 Standard mixes of the fixed cement, sand, and aggregate ratio, which ensures adequate strength, are termed nominal mixes.
 Standard mixes offer simplicity and under normal circumstances, have a margin of strength above that specified.
 However, because of the variability of mix ingredients, the nominal concrete for given workability varies widely in strength.
 This Standard mix ratio is generally adopted for small scale constructions.
 In this type of mix, this nominal concrete mix ratios and concrete constituent proportions are prefixed and specified.
 Standard concrete mixes ratio M30 to M45 grade concrete mix ratio is manual designed
 E.g., M45, the quantity of cement, sand (fine aggregate), and coarse aggregate are batched in volume as per the design mix. From the above table till M45 grade, these concrete proportions are called as Nominal mix concrete.


Concrete Grade

Mix Ratio

Compressive Strength  
MPa (N/mm^{2})  psi  
Standard Grade of Concrete  
M25  1: 1: 2  25 MPa  3625 psi 
M30  Design Mix  30 MPa  4350 psi 
M35  Design Mix  35 MPa  5075 psi 
M40  Design Mix  40 MPa  5800 psi 
M45  Design Mix  45 MPa  6525 psi 
Concrete Mix Ratio Table For Standard Concrete Mix Ratios
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High Strength Concrete Mix Ratio



 High Strength Mixes Ratio specifications for concrete prescribed these proportions of cement, sand, aggregates, and water.
 High Strength mixes of the fixed cement, sand, and aggregate ratio, which ensures adequate strength, are termed nominal mixes.
 High Strength mixes offer simplicity and under normal circumstances, have a margin of strength above that specified.
 However, because of the variability of mix ingredients, the nominal concrete for given workability varies widely in strength.
 This High Strength mix ratio is generally adopted for small scale constructions.
 In this type of mix, this nominal concrete mix ratios and concrete constituent proportions are prefixed and specified.
 High Strength concrete mixes ratio M50 to M70 grade concrete mix ratio is manual designed
 E.g., M70, the quantity of cement, sand (fine aggregate), and coarse aggregate are batched in volume as per the design mix.


Concrete Grade

Mix Ratio

Compressive Strength  
MPa (N/mm^{2})  psi  
High Strength Concrete Grades  
M50  Design Mix  50 MPa  7250 psi 
M55  Design Mix  55 MPa  7975 psi 
M60  Design Mix  60 MPa  8700 psi 
M65  Design Mix  65 MPa  9425 psi 
M70  Design Mix  70 MPa  10150 psi 
Concrete Mix Ratio Table For High Strength Concrete Mix Ratios
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Concrete Design Mix Ratio Basic Info.

 The design mixing ration of concrete because of suitable parts of ingredients of concrete determining the relevant amount of objective for producing a concrete of the required strength, workability and durability as economically possible is now as termed this mix design of concrete.
 The difference in the cost of materials arises from the fact that the cement is several times costly than this aggregate; thus, the aim is to produce as lean a mix as possible.
 Technical point of view, the rich mixes can lead to cracking and high shrinkage at the structural concrete and to the evolution of high heat of hydration in mass concrete, which may cause cracking.
 The cost of concrete is related to this cost of materials required for producing a minimum mean strength called characteristic strength of specified by the designer of the structure.
 This depends on the QC (Quality Control) measures, but there isn’t doubt that the QC (Quality Control) adds to the cost of concrete.
 The extent of QC (Quality Control) is often an economic compromise and depends on the type and size job.
 The cost of labor depends on the workability of mix design for concrete, e.g., the concrete mix design of inadequate workability may result in a high cost of labor to obtain a degree of compaction with available equipment.
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