Introduction of Doors
Doors, which come in various types of doors, are an important part of the buildings that provide entrance and exit.
Functions of Doors
The door types have various functions which are as follows.
- The doors are provided in the structure to give access inside the room of the building.
- It will also provide ventilation and lighting to the room.
- It will help to maintain the privacy of the rooms.
- The doors in the buildings serve as a connecting link between the various internal portion of the building.
Location of the Doors in the Building
While planning the location of the different types of doors, the following points should be considered.
- Doors should be located in opposite walls facing each other to provide good ventilation and lighting in the room.
- While locating doors the privacy and the utility of the room should be considered and the door should be located near the corner of the room.
- The door in the room should be located about 20 centimeters away from the corner.
- The location and size of the door should meet the functional requirements of the room.
Types of Doors
There are various types of doors are available in the market and classified according to their Material, location, operation of door shutter, method of construction, and arrangement of the doors.
Classification of Types of Doors in Civil Engineering Based on the Material Used.
- Steel Doors
- PVC Doors
- Glass Doors
- Fibreglass doors
- Wooden Doors
- Aluminium Doors
- Fibre Reinforced Doors
Classification of Types of Doors Based on the Operation of Door Shutter
- Sliding Doors
- Pivot Doors
- Revolving Door
- Swinging Doors
- Rolling shutter Doors
- Folding Doors
- Collapsible Doors
Classification of Types of Doors Based on the Location
- External Doors
- Internal Doors
Classification of Types of Doors Based on the Method of Construction
- Flush Doors
- Panel Doors
- Louvered Doors
Classification of Types of Doors Based on the Components of the Doors
- Battened & Ledged Doors
- Battened, Ledged & Braced Doors
- Battened, Ledged, and Framed Doors
- Battened, Ledged, Framed, and Braced Doors
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1. Steel Doors
Steel Doors are generally used in commercial buildings.
The steel door has a strong outer shell which makes it more durable as compared to other types of Doors.
Steel doors are waterproof and have good resistance to fire.
These types of Doors are generally used as external Doors.
They also provide good insulating properties.
It is very difficult to manipulate or break down the steel doors which makes it the best choice for commercial buildings where safety is concerned.
2. PVC (Polyvinyl chloride) Doors
PVC doors popular doors which are widely used because of their durability and Aesthetical look.
PVC doors are more economical as compared to other types of Doors.
It can maintain a consistent temperature of the room, that’s why it is a good choice for temperate climates.
PVC doors are more energy-efficient and maintenance-free.
PVC doors are widely used in different types of buildings such as commercial, residential and institutional, etc.
This Types of doors are lightweight so that it is used in the interior of the building.
It is less used in the external because of its lightweight.
PVC doors are scratch-proof and required very little maintenance.
PVC doors are available in various types of designs and colours which helps to enhance the beauty of the Doors.
3. Glass Doors
Glass Doors are generally used in five-star hotels and corporate buildings.
One of the main advantages of using glass doors is increased natural sunlight into the building.
Glass doors have good acoustic insulation.
The one disadvantage of Glassdoor is that it can easily break so that it should be carefully handled while installation.
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4. Fibre Glass Doors
Fibreglass Doors are commonly used for the external application of the structure.
Fibre glass towards hair more durable and hard and they are generally people for affordable houses.
Fibre glass is available in various types of designs.
These types of Doors can be moulded into various shapes and styles as per the requirement.
Fibre glass Doors are stronger and more secure as compared to wooden doors.
Fibreglass doors are generally used as a front entry door with glass in the home.
5. Wooden Doors
Timber is one of the oldest materials which is used in the manufacturing of Doors.
Wooden doors are made up of natural wood which will give a natural feeling.
The wooden door also provides good insulation properties as well as soundproofing.
Wooden doors are economical and compared to other types of doors.
It is very easy to install wooden doors. The disadvantage of wooden door is that they are not fire-resistant.
6. Aluminium Doors
Aluminum doors are commonly used in commercial buildings because of their strength and durability.
Aluminum doors are rust-resistant and can withstand any weather conditions.
7. Fibre Reinforced Doors
Fiber-reinforced Earth has various advantages such as higher strength, lightweight, and low maintenance.
This Types of doors are available in various types of colours and finishes.
8. Sliding Doors
The sliding doors are the type of growers which consist of the fixed panel which is attached to the two hangers-on rollers that slide along the particular track.
The sliding door works by sliding a panel of the door along a set of horizontal rails.
Sliding doors are suitable for spaces that are more congested.
Sliding door helps to save space and increasing efficiency of the usage.
9. Pivot Doors
Pivot Doors are the type of doors that are designed to rotate in the vertical axis.
The pivot doors open and close by rotating on the spindle.
These types of doors are generally used at an entry-level which are very good looking and enhance the beauty of the Building.
10. Revolving Door
Revolving Doors are generally provided at the front of the building in which the entrance is on one side and the exit is on another side simultaneously.
Revolving Doors are mostly suitable for the places where there is regular foot traffic of people entering in and going out of the building.
Revolving doors and widely used in the banks, hospitals, theatres, and offices, etc.
In the revolving door, the arrangements are made in such a way that it will rotate the door about the central pivot.
The revolving door consists of four leaves which are attached to a centrally placed mullion in a circular opening.
The mullion of the central member is provided with the ball bearing at the bottom and bush bearing at the top which allows the door to revolve smoothly.
11. Swinging Doors
Swinging types of doors are hinged at one place so that they can rotate about a vertical axis.
Swinging Doors are also known as hinged doors.
There are two types of swinging doors are available which are single-acting doors which swing only in one direction and double-acting doors which can swing in both directions.
12. Rolling Shutter Doors
The Rolling Shutter Doors are the Type of Doors that are commonly used for the main entrance of the garage shops, showrooms, and godowns, etc.
The rolling shutter door acts like a steel curtain and mainly provides adequate protection and safety against fire and buglers.
The Rolling shutter doors consist of a Frame, drum, and a shutter of thin steel plates.
13. Folding Doors
The Folding doors mainly comprise a number of panels that can fold or unfold to open or close the door.
Folding Doors are also known as Bi-fold doors.
14. Collapsible Doors
The collapsible door is the types of door which are generally used in the areas where the width of the opening is very large.
Collapsible doors are mainly used at the main entrance of Residential buildings or Public buildings.
Collapsible doors are fabricated from mild steel.
The collapsible doors are installed in such a way that when you open the doors all the strips are folded together and when you close the doors all the strips are stretched.
The collapsible door provided extra safety and protection of the property.
Depending upon the size of the opening the collapsible doors may have single or double shutters.
15. External Doors
External Doors are the Front doors of the building which you see first when you entered into the building.
These doors are exposed to aggressive climates so that it is necessary that they are waterproof and have corrosion resistance.
16. Internal Doors
Internal doors are used in the Interior of the buildings which are available in different types of materials.
Internal doors are only used for the purpose of separation.
Internal Doors do not undergo or are exposed to aggressive climate conditions.
17. Flush Doors
The Flush doors are widely used in public buildings as well as in residential buildings.
The Flush doors mainly consist of a skeleton or a hollow framework of rails and stiles.
The thickness of the flush doors varies from 25 mm to 40 mm which mainly depends upon the type of Flush doors.
18. Panel Doors
Panel doors are very strong and durable that’s why it is widely used in the exterior of the buildings.
The panel doors are available into various types such as single panel doors, double panel doors, and three-panel doors, etc.
Panel doors are weatherproof and required very little maintenance. They are very easy to install.
19. Louvered Doors
Louvered Doors are one of the best options when there is privacy and ventilation both are required.
These types of doors allow air ventilation into the room even when the doors are closed.
These doors are suitable for latrines and Bathrooms.
20. Battened & Ledged Doors
This is the simplest types of door which are generally used at the narrow opening.
This Types of Door consists of vertical boards known as battens.
The width of the battens are 10-20 cm and the thickness of the battens are 2-4 cm.
21. Battened, Ledged & Braced Doors
This type of door is an improved form of the Battened and Ledged door.
The braces are provided in these doors to improve the rigidity of these types of doors.
22. Battened, Ledged, and Framed Doors
This Types of door consists of two vertical styles.
The width of the styles are 10 cm and the thickness is 4 cm.
These doors have good strength and appearance.
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23. Battened, Ledged, Framed, and Braced Doors
This type of door is a modification over Battened, Ledged, and framed doors.
The additional braces are provided in this types of door to increase its strength and durability.
Types of doors for home are the important component part of the Building which allows the occupants to do a horizontal movement.
There are various types of doors are available in the market depends upon materials and operation.
The Flush doors and panel Doors are one the common type of doors which are used in the construction.
The doors also help to enhance the beauty of the Building.
So it is important to choose the best Door for your home.