Importance of Engineering Drawing
A subcategory of technical drawings is an engineering drawing, which we can define as engineering drawing as a graphical representation with the goal to convey all of the information required to manufacture a product or a component. This is the engineering drawing definition.
Standardized language and symbols are used in engineering drawings. This simplifies the interpretation of the drawings and eliminates the possibility of personal interpretation.
What is Engineering Drawing?
Engineering drawings are detailed diagrams that display all of the details and specifications required to produce a particular object or product. It is a graphical language that communicates ideas and facts, not just a drawing.
An engineering drawing, rather than an image, is used to illustrate the size and shape of a product and can include details such as appropriate variants, load limits, materials, and any other information that may aid in a full understanding of the product.
- Building Layout | How to Building Layout | What Is Method of Layout of Building | Control Lines of Construction | Construction Layout
- What Is Auxiliary Plane | Types of Auxiliary Plane | Types of Auxiliary View | How to Draw Auxiliary View | Drawing Steps for Auxiliary View
- Difference Between Sketching and Drawing | What Are Conceptual Sketches | Architecture Concept Drawing | Types of Drawings for Building Design
- What Is Oblique Drawing | Oblique Drawing Examples | What Is Oblique View | Oblique Projection | Oblique Shape | Cabinet Oblique | What Is Cavalier Drawing
Types of Drawings Instruments [Instruments Used in Engineering Drawing]
To create tidy and precise drawings, engineering drawing instruments are used. These drawing instruments have specific names and are part of the essential engineering drawing materials.
The standard of the instruments used to prepare the Drawings has a greater impact on the accuracy of the Drawings.
The following is a list of appropriate Drawing Instruments and other materials
- Drawing Board
- T-Square or Drafter (Drafting machine)
- Set Squares
- Drawing Instrument Box
- Drawing Sheet
- Drawing Pencils
- Drawing Pins/Clips
- French Curve
- Scales (Ruler)
- Roll & Draw
- Circle Master
- Duster or Handkerchief
1. Drawing Board
The drawing board is made of 25 mm thick strips of well-seasoned softwood. Two battens are cleated at the back to keep it from warping.
One of the rectangular board’s shorter edges has a perfectly straight ebony edge that is used as a working edge for moving the T-square when making drawings.
Drawing boards come in a variety of sizes. The drawing board you choose is determined by the size of the drawing paper you’ll be using.
The Bureau of Indian Standards (B.I.S.) has proposed the following sizes for drawing boards.
Standard Size of Drawing Boards
Strong wood is used to make T-squares, which are important engineering graphics instruments and are among the key drawing instruments in engineering drawing.
A T-square is made up of two parts: the stock and the blade, which are connected at right angles by screws and pins.
Set squares are used to draw parallel lines, vertical lines, or inclined lines at 30°, 60° to the horizontal using the working edge of a T-square.
Useful Article for You
- What Is Composite Wood
- What Is the Difference Between a Shower Pan and a Shower Base?
- What Is a Window Panel
- What Is Rebar Made Of
- What Is Crane
- What Is a Frame Structure
- What Is the Measurement for a Queen Size Bed
- What Is Considered Livable Space
- What Is One Way You Can Save Electricity?
- What Is Mdf Mean
- What Is a Bundle of Shingles
- What Is a Gallon of Water Weigh
- What Is Window Sash
- What Is a Sieve Analysis
- What Is the Little Black Diamond on a Tape Measure
- What Is the Difference Between a Bolt and a Screw?
- What Is Overhang
- What Is a Contour Interva
- Foundation in Civil Engineering
- What Is a Spread Footing
- What Is Tile
- What Is Leveling
- What Is Modulus of Rupture
- What Is a Caisson
- What Is a False Ceiling
- Architectural Blueprint Symbols
2.2. Drafting Machine (or Drafter)
The advantages and uses of T-square, set square, scales, and protractors are combined in a drafting machine.
A screw provided in the Drafter is used to lock one end of the Drafter to the left top end of the Drawing board.
At the other end of the Drafter, an adjustable head with a Protractor is mounted.
The adjustable head is fitted with two blades made of translucent celluloid material that are completely perpendicular to each other.
Parallel, horizontal, vertical, and inclined lines are all drawn with these blades. The blades are often parallel to the board’s edges.
The use of a drafting machine reduces the amount of time it takes to prepare a drawing.
3. Set Squares
Plastic or celluloid are the most popular materials used to make set squares. They are triangular in shape, with one right-angle triangle as a corner.
A pair of set squares (30°–60°) and 45° (a 45° set square is usually used with a Protractor) make it easier to mark angles.
They’re used to draw lines at 30°, 60°, and 45° angles to the vertical and horizontal.
Protractors, a crucial piece of engineering drawing equipment, are used to calculate or label angles between 0 and 180 degrees.
Protractors with a circular shape that can mark and measure from 0 to 360 degrees are also available on the market
5. Drawing Instrument Box
It consists of the following components:
- Large size compasses,
- Large size divider,
- Small size bow pen, bow divider, and
- Lengthening bar.
6. Drawing Sheet
They come in a wide range of colors and textures, and good quality paper with a smooth surface should be chosen for drawings that can be kept for a long time.
The Bureau of Indian Standards (B.I.S.) has given the following sizes for drawing sheets.
|Standard Size of Drawing Sheet|
1189 × 841
841 × 594
594 × 420
420 × 297
297 × 210
210 × 148
7. Drawing Pencils
The consistency of the pencil used to create a drawing determines the accuracy and appearance of the drawing.
The lead grade of a Pencil is shown on the Pencil. The abbreviation HB stands for “medium grade.”
Harder pencils are labeled with a value in front of H, such as 2H, 3H, and so on.
Softer pencils are labeled with 2B, 3B, 4B, and so on. A 3B pencil is softer than a 2B pencil, and a 4B pencil is softer than a 3B pencil, and so on.
The letter H or the number 2H may be used to start a drawing. H and HB Pencils are used for lettering and dimensioning.
8. Drawing Pins and Clips
These two are used to fix the drawing sheet in place on the drawing board.
Circles and arcs of circles is done with a compass. The compass has two hinged legs on one hand.
The lower end of one of the legs is fitted with a pointed needle, while the other end has a provision for inserting pencil lead.
The legs of the compass are held straight to draw circles up to 120mm in diameter.
11. French Curve
These have an unusual cross-section and were used to draw small arcs and long splines that a drafter couldn’t draw. They are made of plastic or steel.
11. Scales (Ruler)
A ruler, also known as a rule or line gauge, is a tool used to calculate distances and/or rule straight lines in geometry, technical drawing, printing, and engineering/building.
For technical drawings, you’ll need to use this tool frequently. The scales come in a variety of materials, including plastic, wood, and steel. A steel rule is commonly used to design engineering drawings.
12 Roll and Draw
Roll & Draw is an incredibly useful method for easily generating charts and parallel lines. It’s also known as “the best friend of a draftsman.”
It’s also a multipurpose drawing tool that allows you to quickly and easily draw quadrants, triangles, circles, angles, crosshatching, and vertical and horizontal parallel lines in centimeters.
Useful Article for You
- What Is a Grade Beam
- What Is Flooring
- What Is Shoring
- What Is a Bridge Abutment
- What Is a Cold Joint in Concrete
- What Is the Strongest Foundation for a House
- What Is a Well Point
- What Is a Floating Slab
- What Is Grouting
- What Is Rcc Value Day
- What Is a Stair Landing
- What Is Optimum Dry
- What Is a Moment Frame
- What Is Standard Water Pipe Size in Residential
- What Is Flagstone
- What Is a Door Frame
- What Is an Admixture
- What Is a Frost Wall
- What Is Undercoat
- What Is Bituminous Pavement
- What Is Gypsum Board
- What Is a Parapet Wall
- What Is a Monolithic Slab
- What Is Cmu Wall
13. Circle Master
Circle Master is a useful template-type drawing instrument that allows you to quickly draw circles of various radiuses.
It does away with the use of a compass since a circle with a fixed radius can be drawn. It’s a flat or circular plate with various-sized holes punched on the top.
If you try to draw a circle with a radius other than the radius punched, you’ll need to use a different drafting instrument because the radius of a circle can’t be changed.
A pencil sharpener is a device that shaves the worn surface of a pencil to sharpen the writing edge.
An eraser is a tool that is used to remove pencil marks from paper or sheets.
16. Duster or Handkerchief
To clean the paper on which the drawing is being done, a duster or handkerchief is often used. They come in a variety of colors and sty.