Information of Gypsum Boards
The Gypsum boards, often referred to as gibson board or jipson board, are one of the popular building materials which mainly consist of the non-combustible core which is made from gypsum. The Gypsum boards are a widely used building material in the interior designing of the structure.
The Gypsum has various properties due to which there are various gypsum products are used in the construction industry. The Gypsum has various applications in construction such as plastering work, it is also used in the manufacturing of cement to control setting time.
In this article, we are going to discuss the Gypsum boards, the properties of the gypsum boards, and their applications in the construction industry as well as their advantages and disadvantages.
What is Gypsum Board?
The Gypsum boards are mainly used as a surface material for the construction of ceilings and walls. Gypsum boards are widely used in the construction of the drywall where the plaster gets eliminated. A Gypsum is a soft material that comprises calcium sulfate dihydrate which is used in the plaster of Paris and wallboards.
The Gypsum boards are designed in such a way that they can be used without plastering of the walls and ceilings and provide a smooth finish to the surface. Gypsum boards are also known as wallboard, plasterboard, or Drywall. All Types of the Gypsum products which are available in the market consist of Gypsum as a core material and its surface is wrapped with other materials such as fiberglass.
The Gypsum panels with different edges are available in the market such as rounded edge, tapered edge, beveled edge, square edge, tongue, and groove edge.
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Properties of Gypsum Board as a Building Material
The Gypsum board material possesses various properties due to which it has a huge demand in the construction sector.
1. Gypsum Boards Have Good Thermal Properties
The gypsum also possesses good thermal properties due to which it provides a good balance between indoor humidity and temperature. The use of the plasterboards in the interior of the structures acts as a vapor barrier that prevents humidity in the indoor of the building.
2. Gypsum Boards Are Fire Resistant in Nature
Gypsum boards are fire resistant and they stop the fire to spread further which helps to protect the structure from any fire hazards. The gypsum has fire resistance property due to the presence of chemically bonded water which is present in the gypsum. Whenever the gypsum boards are exposed to fire, the water present inside the gypsum gets evaporated which creates a protective layer.
3. It Has Good Acoustic Properties
The Gypsum boards possess good soundproofing properties due to which the gypsum boards are best suitable to use in the construction of structures in the high traffic areas. The Gypsum plasterboards are specially designed for the reduction of noise and to avoid the effect of reverberation.
4. Gypsum Has Soundproofing Properties
Gypsum is an energy-efficient building material that is used to insulate the rooms and reduce energy consumption in your house. Because of its soundproofing properties, it is best suitable for the construction of houses in high-traffic areas.
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Gypsum Board Uses in Construction Works
There are various applications of gypsum boards in the construction industry which are as follows
- Gypsum boards have many uses in the construction sector which are as follows
- Gypsum is also used with glass to fabricate various lightweight architectural decorations.
- Gypsum, a key component in gypsum sheet, is also used in the manufacturing of cement to control the setting time.
- Gypsum blocks are used in the construction of partition walls.
- Gypsum tiles are also used for the ceilings of the buildings.
- Gypsum fireboards are used for the partitions, lining, ceilings, roofs, and floors, etc.
Types of Gypsum Board
There are various gypsum board types available in the market, including the following.
1. Fire Resistant Gypsum Boards
The Gypsum wallboard or boards have good resistance to fire, making them suitable for use in fire-prone areas. The gypsum products consist of water which is chemically combined in the gypsum due to which it can be exposed to fire.
The Fire-resistant gypsum boards are suitable in ceilings and drywall where a high level of fire protection is required.
2. Standard Gypsum Boards
3. Moisture Resistant Gypsum Boards
The moisture-resistant gypsum boards, often referred to as gypsum partition, are used as a covering material in the interior of the walls. It has wide applications in Residential and commercial buildings where moisture protection is very essential. It is also used as a wall tile in the walls of bathrooms and areas which are subjected to moisture.
The moisture-resistant gypsum boards have various applications such as the base for the external soffits in a sheltered position.
4. Backing Gypsum Board
The backing gypsum consists of multiple layers in the construction work where several layers of the gypsum boards are used as a soundproofing material and provide strength and fire resistance to the walls.
The backing gypsum boards are used for the walls and ceilings and it is also used for the self-leveling screeds.
5. Impact-Resistant Gypsum Panels
The standard or simple type of gypsum panels does not have resistance to the impact loads which makes them less durable. The Impact resistant gypsum panels are the special type of panels that offer great resistance to the impact loads.
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Advantages of Gypsum as a Building Material
The Gypsum board has various advantages in the construction sector which are as follows
- Gypsum provides a smooth finished surface: Gypsum is also used in plaster which provides a crack-free smooth surface. The Gypsum boards provide a continuous smooth finish surface on which you can directly apply paint.
- Easy to Install: The gypsum products are very easy to install and do not require skilled labor for their installation. The installation process is easy, clean, and fast.
- Gypsum can be used as a final coat: The plaster done with the help of gypsum does not require paint, it can be used as a final finish. It gives an attractive white finish to the surface of the wall.
- Gypsum enhances the beauty of the structure: Gypsum is the most widely used material in the interior design of the building because of its attractive and stunning design. The Gypsum products can be used for various decorative purposes in the interiors which enhances the aesthetical features of the building.
- It helps to balance the indoor atmospheric conditions: The Gypsum has the property of balancing the indoor temperature and humidity of the building. The Gypsum is an environmentally friendly building material that provides high thermal and acoustic insulation.
- A variety of Gypsum products are available in the market: There are various gypsum products which are available in the market which meet several aesthetical requirements.
Disadvantages of Gypsum as a Building Material
Despite its many benefits, there are some gypsum board disadvantages to consider.
- Gypsum is not water-resistant material: Gypsum has very less resistance to moisture due to which it cannot be used in the exterior of the buildings. The gypsum products may get disintegrate when it is exposed to moisture.
- Gypsum plaster is expensive as compared to cement plaster: The cost of plastering for the same thickness with the gypsum mortar is more than the cement mortar. So, it is not suitable to use gypsum mortar for low-budget construction projects.
- It is difficult to construct the curved shape with the help of gypsum: The Gypsum is not flexible due to which it is difficult to construct the curved shape components with the help of gypsum.
- Gypsum products have less resistance to the impact load and can damage due to friction. : Gypsum products have less resistance to the impact load which makes them less durable.
Conclusion of Gypsum Board
The gympsum board, possessing various properties, stands out as one of the best building materials for interior designing. You can use gypsum products for various types of construction works as per your requirements.