Different Types of Roofing Materials | What is Roof Covering

Introduction of Roof Covering

Introduction of Roof Covering Material

A roof may be defined as the upmost part of the structure. A roof is a top covering of a structure, including all accoutrements and constructions necessary to support it on the walls of the structure or on uprights, furnishing protection against rain, snow, sun, axes of temperature, and wind. A roof is part of the structure envelope.

Principally, a roof consists of structural rudiments that support the roof covering. Roof and roof covering admit rain and snow more directly and in a lesser volume than do the walls. A roof must have thermal sequestration, fire resistance and sound sequestration.

Also, Read: What Is Road Pattern | Different Types of Road Patterns | Grid Pattern Definition | Radial Pattern | Rectangular or Block Pattern | Minimum Travel Pattern

What is Roof Covering?

Roof Covering

Roof covering is used by home inspectors and presumably others in the construction assiduity. The roof covering doesn’t partake the cargo in the structure. The roof covering must have acceptable strength and stability.

It’s strictly fixed to the roofing structure with colourful types of fittings and institutions—the colourful types of roof covering accoutrements available in requests in different sizes and shapes.

Different Types of Roof Covering

The roof requires a cover to protect the house from adverse goods of the environment. There are several different types of roofs with pictures materials.

  • Thatch
  • Tiles
  • Solar shingles
  • Wood shingles
  • Asbestos cement sheet
  • Galvanized corrugated iron sheet
  • Lightweight roofing

1. Roof CoveringMaterial: Thatch


Thatch is one of the cheapest types of roof covering accoutrements. The construction procedure of the thatch roof covering is truly simple.

Generally, the thatch is used in pastoral areas for the construction of a truly low-cost house. The frame for supporting the thatch consists of round bamboo rafters spaced at 300 mm incremental. Also, split bamboos are placed over the rafters and bind them together. The divergence bamboos are always laid at a right angle.

The rafters may be made of rustic bullies. Thatch is initially tight secured to this frame with the help of lines or ropes. Thatch may be used directly over the frame in the form of packets, each pack being laid lapped sideways over each other.

The thatch sheathing should be at least 150 mm thick. It should have a pitch of at least 45 for the proper flux down of rainwater. These types of roof covering paraphernalia are truly inflammable. Therefore some fire defying results may be applied after it has been laid over the roof.

Advantages of Thatch Roof

  1. Thatched roofs give excellent sequestration.
  2. Thatched roofs are generally veritably durable and long-lasting.
  3. Thatch is one of the most environmentally pleasant accoutrements used for a roof.
  4. Thatched roofs also progress veritably well and will shape into natural forms.

Disadvantages of Thatch Roof

  1. Thatched roofs keep to regular conservation is needed. The quantum of conservation demanded will depend on the accoutrements.
  2. Thatched roof is advanced Insurance because of the advanced threat of fire damage.

Also, Read: WBM Road | Material Required for Construction of WBM Road | Construction Procedure of WBM Road | Advantages & Disadvantages of WBM Road

2. Roof CoveringMaterial: Tiles


Tiles have been used as a roof sheathing material. Tiles are known in a variety of shapes, sizes, and specifications. The tiles are called according to their shapes and sizes and also the region in which they’re manufactured.

Following are the tiles classified to their shapes,

2.1 Plain Tiles

Plain Tiles

Plain tiles are also understood as flat tiles, are manufactured in blockish shapes. They’re generally 250 × 150 mm to 280 × 180 mm in size; the consistency of these types of tiles varies from 9 mm to 15 mm.

2.2 Curved Pan Tiles

Curved Pan Tiles

Twisted visage tiles are the types of pipe that are used as a roof covering accoutrements. Twisted visage tiles are stronger, durable, and heavier than pot tiles. But they’re less twisted than pot tiles.

Generally, the sizes of these types of tiles are around 30 to 35 cm long and around 20 to 25 cm wide. Before laying tiles as a roof covering accoutrements, it’s necessary to do a certain quantum of the root.

Advantages of Tile Roofs

  • Roof tiles are relatively a sight to see. They can transfigure a house into an awful masterpiece with the beauty they give.
  • Roof tiles have a long life expectancy.
  • Pipe roofs offer protection against nonentity boring and rotting, which also helps to promote.
  • Pipe roofs are made from a fire-resistant material.

Disadvantages of Tile Roofs

  • Tiles roofs have a delicate. It isn’t recommended to walk on the pipe due to the possibility of it breaking.
  • The pipe is known to be heavy. This is a major debit of getting a pipe roof.
  • Tiles roofs needed conservation.
  • One of the biggest problems with pipe roofs is the underlayment paper and the proper ventilation.

Also, Read: What Is a Classified Road | Classification of Roads in India

3. Roof CoveringMaterial: Solar Roof tiles or Solar Shingles

Solar Roof tiles or Solar Shingles

Solar roof tiles are known as solar shingles, aren’t only used as a roofing material but also generate electricity. Solar roof tiles or solar shingles are photovoltaic modules, and it produces electricity by landing sun. These tiles are commercially available in the request.

Usually, the price depends on the manufacturing company, specification, Installation, and also region.

Advantages of Solar Shingles

  • They look like regular shingles and come in numerous sizes and styles; they can round nearly any structure scenery.
  • They exclude the need for a large installation area that traditional solar panels bear.
  • Installation is simple and hassle-free.
  • They can be combined with traditional shingles to cover large or complex roofs.

Disadvantages of Solar Shingles

  • Solar shingles cannot store energy, and also they won’t give power at night or during storms.
  • The roof may be at the correct angle for the shingles to catch the sun.
  • There must be sufficient face area to install solar shingles to collect enough light to produce electricity.

4. Roof CoveringMaterial: Wood Shingles

Wood Shingles

Wood shingles are a thin timber board around 1 cm thick. They are generally thick in shape. The length and breadth of this board vary from 30 to 40 cm and6.5 cm to 25 cm singly. Shingles are not common paraphernalia for the roof covering as they are liable to decay or crack under the atmospheric goods.

This type of roof covering paraphernalia is mainly used in place of ducts or swaths and where it’s available in a wide range.

Advantages of Wood Shingles

  • This type of roof covers visually appealing roof styles.
  • Wood shingles have continuity and energy effectiveness.
  • Advantage of wood shingles resistant to severe storms.

Disadvantages of Wood Shingles

  • One of the disadvantages of wood shingles needed regular conservation.
  • Wood shingles have been brought effectively.

Also, Read: What Is Superelevation | Superelevation Definition | Superelevation Formula | Calculation of Superelevation in Roads

5. Roof CoveringMaterial: Asbestos Cement sheets

Asbestos Cement sheets

Asbestos cement sheets are another type of roof covering material and are considerably used for the canted roof. It consists of an amalgamation of cement and pulverized asbestos. This amalgamation is ultimately converted into a thin distance or ducts, and it’s well known as asbestos cement sheets or A. C sheets.

Asbestos cement distance has many advantages analogous as light in weight, durable, fire-resistant, etc. It’s cheap and impervious, not susceptible to decay or eaten away by insects. There are mainly two kinds of A. C sheets that are available in the request. One is the’ Big six type,’ and the other is ‘Trafford.’

Asbestos sheets are available in different lengths varying from1.5 to 3m.

Advantages of Asbestos Cement Sheets

  • Asbestos cement sheets are a veritably good thermal insulator and increase the energy effectiveness of the structure.
  • It’s largely resistant to fire and doesn’t burn fluently.
  • It formed a veritably strong material when mixed with cement and was used as a cumulative to form a compound material called asbestos cement.
  • It’s a veritably affordable and veritably cost-effective material, hence extensively used.
  • It’s considerably used as a defensive roofing material in corrugated form.
  • It’s largely durable and rainfall evidence. It’s resistant to damage from termites.
  • Asbestos cement sheets are veritably easy to clean and maintain but delicate to repair.

Disadvantages of Asbestos Cement Sheets

  • The major disadvantage of utilizing asbestos is that it’s seriously dangerous to health.
  • Due to this major disadvantage, new accouterments are being manufactured as a relief to asbestos.

6. Roof CoveringMaterial: Galvanized corrugated iron

Galvanized corrugated iron


Corrugated GI sheets are used for the roof coverings of shops, manufactories, and temporary shanties. GI sheets are available in colorful sizes. Generally, 22 hand sheets are used. The end-stage of 15 cm and the side stage of two corrugations are handed at the time of fixing the GI sheets at the top of the roof. It’s light and simple to fix.

The only disadvantage with the use of these sheets for roof covering is that during the summer season, the apartments under the roof are hotted too important. To cover against the sun, occasionally, subcastes of ordinary up are handed at the top of GI sheeting.

Advantages of Galvanized Corrugated Roofing Sheets

  • One of the benefits of galvanized corrugated iron sheets is more durable.
  • Galvanized corrugated roofing sheets also do not rot.
  • Galvanized corrugated iron sheets are usually chemically treated as well, and that prevents the growth of algae even during heavy rainfall.
  • Galvanized corrugated iron sheets are also resistant to fire.
  • Galvanized corrugated sheets are easy to Installation.

Disadvantages of Galvanized Corrugated Roofing Sheets

  • Denting, few bumping, and bruising are some of the typical issues that are hard to avoid with corrugated metal sheets.
  • The expense for Building is a bit on the higher side though the low supervision cost compensates that in the long run.

Also, Read: What Is the Gradient of Road | Types of Road Gradient | Factors Affecting Gradient |Effect of Gradient on Roads

7. Roof CoveringMaterial: Lightweight roofing

Lightweight roofing

Lightweight roofing is one of the types of roofing accoutrements. For wide-span artificial structures, it’s desirable to reduce the weight of the roof so that structural architecture can be spared. Conventional roofing accoutrements (similar to tiles, slates, etc.) are heavy and bear heavy architecture to support them.

Following are the lightweight roofing accouterments are of two type.

  • Coating
    • Aluminum sheets
    • Asbestos cement sheets.
  • Decking

Advantages of Lightweight Roofing

  • Lightweight roofing has cost savings in budget and materials.
  • The potential to adapt roofing without having to vacate the property.
  • Lightweight roofing reduced installation times, with less potential disruption to property owners and neighbours.
  • Lightweight roofing has increased durability and extreme weather performance.
  • Lightweight roofing has an advantage of environmental benefits too, which include the reduction in carbon emissions through massively more efficient transportation costs.

Also, Read: What Is Camber in Road |  Types of Camber | Advantages of Camber in Road

Conclusion of Roofing Material

The roof cover should be kept clear of leaves, accumulated dirt, etc. Metal roofing can provide a home with the look of any other common roofing material. A roof must have thermal sequestration, fire resistance, and sound sequestration the various types of materials general in the markets in different shapes and sizes.


Roof Covering Materials

  • Metal Roofing.
  • Solar Roofing.
  • Asphalt Shingles Roofing.
  • Stone Coated Steel Roofing.
  • Clay or Concrete Tiles.
  • Rubber Slat Roofing.
  • Built Up Roofing.

Flat Roof Covering Materials

  • Single Ply Membrane: Tpo (Thermoplastic Polyolefin) Single Ply Membrane: Epdm (Elastomeric Membranes) Single Ply Membrane: Pvc Membranes.
  • Unknown. Density. Typically: Density 890-910 Kg/m3 (2)
  • Unknown. Density. Unknown.
  • Pvc Generally: 0.16 W/mk. Density.
  • 1.15 W/mk (3) Density.

Slate Roof Covering

Weight – slate tiles are very heavy, weighing up to 15 pounds per square foot, which puts a massive strain on a home’s structure. Some homes need extra reinforcement in order to be able to bear the weight. Fragility – slate may look tough, but it is actually pretty fragile.

Roof Covering Replacement Cost

According to homeadvisor, the typical range for roof replacement costs is between $5,100 and $10,000, but roof replacement can be as low as $1,200 or as high as $30,000. Many roofing companies will charge between $3.50 and $5.00 per square foot.

Flat Roof Covering Options

  • Rolled Asphalt.
  • Built-Up Roof (Bur)
  • Modified Bitumen.
  • Pvc Membrane.
  • Tpo (Thermoplastic Polyolefin)
  • Epdm (Ethylene Propylene Diene Monomer)

Best Roof Covering

  • Asphalt Roll.
  • Built-Up Roofing (Bur)
  • Composite Asphalt Shingle.
  • Wood Shingle.
  • Wood Shake Shingle.
  • Standing-Seam Metal.
  • Clay or Cement.
  • Slate

Low Pitch Roof Covering Options

That’s why the most common option for low slope roofs are membrane roof systems. Membrane roof systems are sheets, either 5 foot, 10 foot, 20 foot wide sheets of rolled synthetic, water repellent membrane. There are 3 types of membrane roof systems: epdm, pvc, and tpo.

Best Flat Roof Covering

Quite possibly the best flat roofing membrane, epdm is a relatively low-cost flat roof material that offers a number of significant advantages. Clean, straightforward installation, incredible strength, a long lifespan, and a smart finish combine to make epdm membranes a difficult one to beat.

Roof Covering

Roof covering means the covering material installed in a building over the roof deck, including all materials used in securing the roof covering, all materials applied under the roof cover for moisture protection, and the roof flashing. Sample 1. Sample 2.

White Roof Covering

White roof coatings contain high reflective pigments to ensure the sun’s heat is absorbed as little as possible.  The high reflective pigments in white roof coatings also lengthen the life span of the roof by reflecting the damaging uv rays away from the building instead of absorbing them.

Different Types of Roof Coverings

The following list of different types of roofing covering materials are as.

  1. Solar Tiles.
  2. Asphalt Shingles.
  3. Metal Roofing.
  4. Stone-Coated Steel.
  5. Slate.
  6. Rubber Slate.
  7. Clay and Concrete Tiles.
  8. Green Roofs.
  9. Built-up roofing

Roofing Sheets Price List

Roofing Material
Price Range (Per Sheet)
Steel $75 – $350
Stainless steel $400 – $1,200
Tin $300 – $1,500
Aluminum $150 – $600
Copper $800 – $1,500
Zinc $600 – $1,000

Roofing Tiles Price List

Tile roofs cost anywhere between $16,000 to $32,000 to install depending on the size of the roof and the type of tile roof you choose. You can expect to pay $4.00 to $16.00 per square foot or $400 to $1,600 per square installed on a standard sized single story home. The style or cut of the tile type will also affect material costs.

Roof Coverings Types

Roofing materials list are as follows.

  1. Slate.
  2. Rubber Slate.
  3. Clay and Concrete Tiles.
  4. Green Roofs.
  5. Built-up roofing
  6. Solar Tiles.
  7. Asphalt Shingles.
  8. Metal Roofing.
  9. Stone-Coated Steel.

Roof Covers for Mobile Homes

Similar to traditional homes, shingle roofs work well on mobile homes, too, but mobile homes can only take one layer of shingles due to the support structure of the home. Traditional homes can usually handle two to three layers of shingles since they offer more support.

Most Durable Roofing Material

Here, the five most durable roofing materials are as follows.

  1. Asphalt Shingles: One of the most common and popular roofing materials, asphalt shingle roofing is highly favored because of how cost-effective it is without compromising protection. It can safeguard your home against wind-driven rain, snow loads and even hail storms.
  2. Metal: The metal used in roofs has plenty of benefits such as energy efficiency, wind resistance and fire resistance. It’s a great choice for homeowners who prefer a quick and painless installation. Plus, most metal roofing systems are eco-friendly, highly recyclable and last longer than asphalt shingle roofs.
  3. Clay Tile: The great characteristic of clay tiles is how they maintain their traditional beauty despite their long service life of up to 100 years. That said, you should pair it with an efficient gutter system for better drainage and, consequently, less risk of water damage. Sentry Exteriors is one of the leading gutter companies so we can help you find the right gutter system for your home.
  4. Wood Shake: Wood shake shingles are thicker than wood shingles because they are hand-cut rather than machine-made. Wood is a natural insulator, stabilizing your interior from the outset without resorting to add-ons. With an impressive life span of up to 40 years with proper maintenance, wood shakes are prime candidates for the best-looking roofs you’ll ever have.
  5. Slate: You may have seen a slate roof more than once because it’s a highly popular roofing material among historic buildings. This is thanks to slate’s longevity and durability. Today, it lives up to its reputation by combining traditional beauty and enhanced protection to make an acceptable compromise between cost and near-permanence.

Composition Roofing Materials

A composition roof is a composite of multiple materials instead of being made from a single material such as metal or wood. This is why we use the term “composition” to describe them. Usually, a composition roof is made from a mixture of laminate, fiberglass, wood, and slate.

Lightweight Roofing Material

Here, the lightweight roofing material are as follows.

  1. Wood: One of the oldest building materials around, wood still has its merits as a roofing material. Wooden tiles, known as shingles or shakes depending on the exact style, are relatively cheap, light and, if sourced responsibly, environmentally friendly.
  2. Felt: For flat roofs, felt is one of the most popular options. The most commonly used form comes in rolled sheets which are laid on top of an underlay material. These sheets are made of matted fibres impregnated with bitumen to make them waterproof and durable. Felt roofing is very light and, if installed correctly, provides very effective weatherproofing.
  3. Metal cladding: Steel, copper and alloys of steel, aluminium and zinc are all popular roofing materials. Cladding involves using long strips of metal which are then joined together with a special machine forming a seam. This is a relatively quick way to cover a roof, but is something of a specialist job, requiring training and machinery many roofers lack.
  4. Metal roof tiles: Stone-coated metal roof tiles offer the same advantages as metal cladding, while addressing many of the issues faced with cladding. Using a base of steel for strength, coating this with an aluminium-zinc alloy, then a further coat of real stone particles resin-bonded to the tiles surface, leaves you with lightweight roof tiles that offer the best properties of metal cladding without the drawbacks.

Leave a Comment